Description of brilliant grapes
Brilliant Sweet Grapes - A hybrid obtained by crossing Original White and Victoria. The grade is table. It can only be grown in a small garden. For sectioning on an industrial scale is not suitable because of the small berries.
Description of brilliant grapes
Brilliant grapes are distinguished by an early ripening period. Already at the end of July will be the first harvest. If the climatic conditions are bad, then the start of harvesting will be in August. From blooming buds to fruiting, 90 days pass.
According to the description, the main advantage of Shiny is frost resistance. The bush will not die even at a temperature of -24 ° C. It is only necessary to carry out mulching in order to protect from severe frosts.
Resistance to pests and diseases is average. Their appearance provokes a sharp change in weather or inappropriate growing conditions.
The bush is low, up to 2 m, but quickly grows in width. When planting, allocate more space for the plant.
- average density;
- conical shape, elongated;
- the weight of 1 cluster is 600-700 g, rarely 1 kg.
The vine ripens early and requires large-scale formation. Shoots are formed on 2 nodes. On 1 bunch there are from 80 to 110 berries.
Brilliant's berries are sweet and juicy. They have a small size - 2 * 1.5 cm. The weight of 1 berry is on average 6-7 g.
Features of the fruit:
- the color at the time of ripening is deep purple; until - light green;
- rounded oval, rarely perfectly round;
- the skin is soft, but the fruits rarely crack;
- nutmeg aroma;
- the taste is sweet with a slight acidity;
- sugar content is 16% in 100 g;
- juicy, crisp flesh;
- the flesh is light purple, almost transparent in color.
Brilliant berries contain many useful substances: ascorbic and malic acids, glucose, fructose, flavonols (components that have an antiseptic effect), minerals.
Grapes of this variety are suitable for making homemade juices, compotes, wine. They make raisins from it. They are added to baking and used as decoration for desserts. It goes well with other fruits in ice cream.
The main feature of Brilliant grapes is that they are grown throughout Russia (even in Siberia). The gardener only needs proper care.
The plant should grow in a sunny area
According to the description of the variety, it is better to plant a seedling. This will save time and money. When choosing, inspect it for damage, dry or broken branches and pay attention to the root system. It should be wide, with many processes and not overdried.
Black soil is suitable for planting. If not, prepare the soil yourself. To do this, mix sand and any other kind of earth. Stick to a 1: 1 ratio.
When choosing a place to grow, pay attention to:
- Ground water level. Optimally, if they lie no higher than 1 m. If they are at a height of 2 m, a drainage net will help.
- Illumination. The plant should grow on the sunny side. It is allowed that it remains in the shade for no more than 1 hour in the daytime. Otherwise, the growth rate and yield level will decrease.
- The space around. The bush needs a lot of space. It grows rapidly, so it is advisable not to plant trees or bush plants near it.
Landing begins in the spring or in the fall. First they dig a hole 10 cm larger than the volume of the root system, from all sides. If several seedlings are planned to be planted, keep a distance between them of 80 cm. They plant in the direction from north to south.
Care is simple. The main thing is to monitor the condition of the bush and carry out all the necessary procedures.
Remove weeds in the area where the bush grows. They negatively affect the root system, which leads to the drying or decay of the plant.
Mandatory procedure - pruning branches. It is done to rejuvenate the plant. Dry, broken branches and leaves are cut off, non-bearing bunches are removed. Pruning is carried out using a secateurs, which must be sanitized in advance with alcohol.
Nursing also includes herding. Remove the second order shoots that grow from the main raid. Such processes often use plant nutrients, which is why it develops more slowly. It is advisable to carry out the procedure as early as possible.
Top dressing is applied in the spring and autumn, if necessary - in the summer). In spring, they focus on mineral fertilizers, in the fall - on organic fertilizers.
Spring hives consist of:
Nitrogen is introduced in the middle of May. Before this, phosphate top dressing is done. Potash is held at the very end - in June.
The first watering is carried out when planting a seedling. Contribute 1 bucket of water. The next watering is done already in late spring before budding. 4-5 buckets of warm water are enough for 1 m².
The third watering is carried out 5-7 days before flowering. The fourth - after flowering. In both cases, add up to 3 buckets of water per 1 bush. When the plant begins to bear fruit, it is impossible to water it.
Diseases and Pests
Brilliant grapes are sometimes affected by pests or diseases. The main ones are:
- spider mite;
- grape itch (phytoptus);
- bacterial cancer;
Despite the various signs and causes of occurrence, the methods of dealing with them are similar. Bordeaux mixture is used, potassium chloride. If this does not help, I will use fungicides - Antracol, Kuproksat, Ridomil, Strobi, Thanos, Horus.
Brilliant grape variety is suitable for cultivation in all regions of Russia. It has an average resistance to disease, but high to frost. Due to its sweet taste, it is often used in cooking in fresh or processed forms.