Description of the breed of pigs Duroc
The Duroc pig breed is a rarity on private farms. The breed was bred in America. Pigs are distinguished by an unusual coat color of a sandy red hue. Often novice breeders do not know which breed is best suited for breeding, but after meeting these affectionate red representatives they immediately lose all doubt.
Pig breed Duroc
Exterior and productivity
Duroc pig breed appearance characteristic is as follows:
- large dimensions, meat orientation;
- the body is stocky, downed;
- body length in males is 185 cm;
- the dorsal region is arch-shaped, limbs straight, long, with fleshy hams;
- ears hanging;
- a small head with a curved profile;
- most often individuals of red color meet.
The weight of adult representatives ranges from 240 to 360 kg. Duroc pigs are in great demand due to their precocity. Their weight at birth is 1.1-1.6 kg. With good care and a daily diet, Duroc pigs gain 900 g each. Accordingly, in a month, young growth gain an average of 100 kg. The meat content of Duroc in the carcass is 70%. A detailed description and photos will help to get acquainted with all the splendor of these representatives.
Advantages and disadvantages
Pigs of the Duroc breed originally belonged to the sebaceous orientation. When the demand for pork grew, the breeders made a selection, crossing Durok with Mangalitsa, Landros, as a result of which the meat qualities significantly increased. The Duroc breed is distinguished by its endurance and adapts well to any living conditions. Even adults are completely non-aggressive, which, no doubt, can be attributed to the pluses.
- rapid mass gain;
- meat with high taste;
- fitness for walking content.
In order for Duroc piglets to quickly gain weight, they need to provide good nutrition with a high protein content. One of the disadvantages of the breed is its high sensitivity to temperature extremes. In a too cold environment, pets often get rhinitis. Even with widespread distribution, it is very difficult to find a purebred individual; in small farms, a cross with other species is mainly sold.
Breeding pigs of the Duroc breed usually does not present any particular difficulties. The pig quickly adapts to the walking method of keeping and independently feeds on pasture, which reduces feed costs. Near the pigsty the territory is fenced and piglets are released for walking in the early spring. Free range can significantly improve the quality of meat.
The temperature regime in the pigsty starts at 25 ° С. In winter, warm litter of biomaterials is laid on the floor. Today, a popular method of maintenance is the fermentation litter, which involves the use of special preparations containing coprophage bacteria, which break down feces and urine. During a chemical reaction, heat is released.
Inside the litter, the temperature is between 40 °, in the upper layer - not lower than 5 °. This method allows you to do without additional heating, even in winter. It is important to equip a good ventilation system in the pigsty.
Pig Duroc needs a protein diet. In the summer, being on a free range, pigs seek their own food. Potatoes, wheat cake, silage and legumes are introduced into the diet. A greater weight gain can be achieved by introducing meat and bone meal, sour milk into the diet. If the goal is to get a carcass with a little fat, you should not give a lot of grain.
The feeding schedule will vary depending on the time of year. In warm time - 2 times, and in winter - 3. In winter, pigs cannot get greens on their own, they need more energy to heat the body, therefore the number of feeds increases. For the normal development of the body and the prevention of rickets, Durocam is introduced vitamin complexes as a complementary food from birth.
The basis of the menu should be food with a high protein content. Lack of protein can cause underdevelopment in piglets Duroc. In order for the carcass to form uniformly, you must adhere to all the rules of feeding, which are described in the video by an experienced breeder who has been breeding Duroc for several years.
Breeding at home involves breeding, keeping all the necessary records. The onset of sexual hunting in females can be determined primarily by behavior. Females behave more actively, at the sight of a boar they begin to make characteristic sounds, spotting comes from the labia. Most often, fertilization is carried out using two boars, with an interval of 12 hours.
At home, this method is not always possible, so you have to contact the nearest farm. Artificial insemination methods are also practiced. They are considered more effective and allow covering several females with sperm from one breeding boar.
In order to get healthy offspring, you need to provide the female with a balanced feed during preparation for the mating, during pregnancy and after it. An important aspect is adequate physical activity. About 2 weeks before farrowing, the female is transferred to a separate aviary. There are various methods for calculating farrowing dates. For example, farrowing calendar.
During pregnancy, the female should receive feed with a high calcium content. A month before giving birth, they begin to gradually reduce the amount of feed, exclude foods with a high fiber content. Closer to childbirth, they are completely transferred to food similar to suckling age.
In one pregnancy, the female can endure 9-11 babies. In connection with the possibility of rickets, it is necessary to introduce vitamin-mineral complementary foods from birth. In the first week, piglets need additional heating, so incandescent lamps are installed in the far corner of the farrowing machine.
What breeders say
Reviews of breeders vary quite a lot. For all its productivity, Duroc is not very common in the territory of the Russian Federation. The first thing that confuses our breeders is the rather high price of purebred individuals. A genetic predisposition to rhinitis and rickets, as well as a protein diet make the breed very expensive to maintain.
With a lack of protein food, pigs gain weight unevenly, which affects the taste and quantity of meat. And in our climatic conditions it is quite difficult to contain pigs of this breed. Negative reviews are most likely triggered by inappropriate content.
The piglet is born with a weight of 1100 g to 1600 g. The survival rate of offspring is quite high and is 95%. Feeding with vitamin complexes begins from birth. Due to the fact that the breed does not have good immunity, piglets need to be vaccinated accordingly.
At first, piglets are kept in a box under the lamps. Kids should receive colostrum no later than an hour after birth. The weakest individuals need to be maintained near the mother’s breast on their own, otherwise they will receive less milk.
With normal care and a balanced diet, piglets gain 900 g per day, an average of 100 kg per month. The diet should include juicy greens and mostly protein foods. With a lack of protein, piglets grow thin and weak, often have a cold.
Danish pig is one of the most popular breeds in the world, its meat is famous for its nutritional value and high taste. However, in our country the breed has not taken root and are rare. Duroc - pigs of red color. In the photo they look very attractive, and therefore are in high demand abroad. In addition to the interesting appearance, pigs are distinguished by high productivity and early maturity.
The survival rate of offspring is 95%, which is a very good indicator. True, by virtue of its overall dimensions, a female can carry out only 9-11 pigs during one pregnancy, while other breeds bear up to 30. However, maternal instinct is well developed in Landrace pigs of the Duroc breed. Among the minuses of the breed, a high price for purebred individuals is noted. Animals are genetically predisposed to rickets and rhinitis. Also, many breeders are scared of the need for pigs on a protein diet. A detailed description and description is given in the video clip, where an experienced breeder talks about all the pros and cons of the breed.
Piglets Duroc quickly adapt to live content. It is important to observe the diet: in summer 2 times a day, in winter - 3. Calcium-containing products, meat and fish waste must be present in the diet. Duroc is very often used in breeding to improve the quality of other breeds. The crosses have proven themselves very well. For breeding in the territory of the Russian Federation, it is better to purchase a crossbreed than a purebred Duroc.
Hybrids are distinguished by a stronger immunity and are completely inferior in quality indicators. Negative feedback from our breeders about poor performance is most likely caused by incorrect content. Duroc is a heat-loving animal and, with inappropriate care in the winter, can get a cold.