Description of the breed Brahma Partridge
Brahma Grouse fawn is one of the largest, fleshy and egg-laying breeds. The description indicates that the stately bird has an impressive beak, paws, wide chest and original plumage, thanks to which it got its name. The breed was bred by Asian breeders, crossing Kokhinhin and Malay hens.
Chickens Brahma Partridge
In America and Europe, they became interested in breeding large meat chickens only in the 19th century. In the Russian Compound, fawn Brahma is still not so common and is only gaining popularity. The blue-yellow or golden-yellow bird has a beautiful, dark and bright color of feathers, so many farmers around the world prefer this kind of chicken. Before buying, it is worthwhile to study the description in detail and see how the rooster and hen look in a photo or video.
The exterior of the breed suggests the presence of the following characteristics in chickens:
- powerful bright yellow beak;
- small, slightly oblong ears;
- massive, but at the same time small scallop without clearly marked denticles;
- neat head;
- high body, wide chest;
- magnificent bushy tail;
- slightly rounded large wings;
- long legs.
The color of the feathers of chickens is very similar to the color of partridges. The Partridge Brahma breed has a very dense plumage on the body and legs, since the breed was displayed very non-standard: at low temperatures. Visually, body mass from this seems more. The Brahma Grouse Rooster weighs up to 4.5 kg, and the chicken - up to 3.5 kg.
Due to its solid weight and powerful majestic appearance, these birds were previously used for cockfights. The rooster makes a menacing impression. However, Partridge Brahma is one of the calmest and most assiduous chickens among the congeners. The rooster does not find out relations with other males and does not attack females. By the appearance of the offspring that the chicken, that the cock fit responsibly.
Puberty is the second year of life. Brahms live on average up to 10 years. This breed starts racing quite late, at about 9 months. For a year, a chicken is able to lay 100-120 eggs with a bright orange yolk. The egg is medium in size. Another undoubted advantage is that in the cold and warm season, hens rush equally well.
Such individuals have well-developed adaptive qualities, so they respond to weather changes with adequate restructuring, depending on living conditions. If such individuals are properly maintained, fed, and propagated, the Brahma Partata breed will become indispensable. This variety is planted both on small farms or summer cottages, and on whole agricultural complexes.
Feeding and care
A proper approach to nutrition is very important for the grouse Brahm. Since this is a bird of impressive size, she eats accordingly. Feeding it requires more money than regular chicken, but the costs are offset by a calm character, delicious dietary meat, and equally healthy eggs that can be used even for baby food. You can feed Brahma with cereal mixtures, vegetables, fruits, herbs, and wet mixers should also be given.
It is mandatory to add vitamin-mineral supplements to the diet of such individuals, which include calcium and protein. Periodically, you can give individuals fish oil. In order to achieve great success in rearing these birds, you must strictly observe the temporary feeding schedule: 3 times a day. It is better if feeding will occur at about the same time, so that individuals are accustomed to the regimen and their food is better absorbed. Water should be always clean and in large quantities in drinking bowls.
In cold weather, water needs to be slightly warmed up. Drinking water at room temperature is recommended. To prevent birds from becoming infected with common diseases and viruses, drinkers and feeders should be disinfected. In winter, feed should be given 10-15% more, because it takes a lot of energy to heat the body. Also, in winter, birds need to be given preparations that help them cope with vitamin deficiency.
Feeding chickens should be approached especially carefully. Be sure to give:
- carrots and zucchini grated on a fine grater;
- fresh weed, especially knotweed;
- compound feed with vitamin supplements.
Chickens also need to be fed at least 3 times a day and strictly on time. The main thing is not to overfeed, otherwise in the future joint problems cannot be avoided. It is recommended to intensively feed chickens with protein up to 5 months, then its number must be reduced, otherwise the bones will not withstand such a number of muscles. For walks, Kurapaty Brahma breed chickens need a large spacious aviary.
The fact is that the birds of this breed are large and massive, they need to move a lot. The poultry house should be kept in constant cleanliness, as the dirt quickly sticks to the hens due to the dense plumage. Of course, the house should be equipped with good perches and nests in sufficient quantities, as well as have a constant flow of fresh air and be well protected from drafts. Comfortable daylight hours are 12-14 hours.
There are two ways to breed chickens of this breed:
- from an egg, using an incubator or hen;
- buy already grown young.
Those who prefer the first method and do not have an incubator should pay special attention to the brood hen. Chickens of this breed are heavy, and therefore can spoil the eggs. The brood hen needs to be transferred to a special low-calorie feed in advance. Partridge Brahma - laying hens that exhibit maternal qualities. Females do not abandon children, neither their own nor others. After the birth of the chicken, adult females pay attention to the baby, try to feed and teach all the skills.
As soon as the chickens are born, they need to be vaccinated. It is also important to protect them from drafts and hypothermia. If the room does not have enough heat, the kids can be transplanted into a large box, covered with a cloth and kept under the lamp. The main thing is not to overdo it.
Chickens are ready to go out in 3-4 weeks. In the summer period, it is necessary to release all individuals on the street as often as possible. Birds that are constantly on a walk are less affected by stress and fighting in the house. Chickens and roosters graze in the fresh air and eat fresh herbs, which improves immunity.
Those who prefer the second option and are not ready to breed their own birds are ready to buy birds for several days and put the birds in a separate enclosure for quarantine.
Partridge Brahma birds are not particularly picky. To increase the egg production of chickens and collect more eggs, it is recommended to increase daylight hours to 16 hours. Daylight will be enough for birds and daylight, and in the evening you will have to turn on additional lighting. To do this, you need to purchase special lamps. Some breeders paint lamps in different colors so that birds do not see the blood vessels of their relatives in the light and do not bite them.
Twice a month, chicken paws should be treated with birch tar. This measure helps get rid of insects, bugs and other parasites. Some farmers put a wide tank on the street and fill it with ash and sand. In this mixture, chickens can swim, flounder on their own and thereby cleanse pests from their plumage. You can add ash to the litter. Such a trick will help the chickens to better clean their feathers. Be sure to monitor the cleanliness of the house and aviary.
It is necessary to carry out measures to disinfect the premises at least 1 time per week. The feeder and drinkers should be cleaned daily. General cleaning should be carried out once a month. In this case, you can replace the rotten litter or perches, completely disinfect the entire chicken coop. If you adhere to simple tips on keeping, feeding and caring for Brama Partridge, you can easily grow beautiful and healthy birds even in your own area.