Description of Bessonovsky variety
Bessonovsky onion, or, as the people call it Local, has a lot of useful characteristics, which is why it is quite popular among gardeners throughout Russia. The prospects for growing the Besson variety fully justify its use for planting: it tolerates local, often unfavorable growing conditions, shows excellent yield and good preservation during storage in winter. Nowadays, Bessonovsky vegetable can often be inferior to new promising varieties, but due to the fact that it is suitable both for growing on large farm fields and for sowing in a modest summer cottage area, it remains in demand.
Zoned onions continue to be popular because of their fairly high yields and rare beneficial properties that once created him fame. Numerous breeders are trying to improve the quality features of onions by changing the conditions for its cultivation. This is planned to return the lost position to this vegetable. You only need to know how to grow onions and how to care for crops. Some gardeners compare this variety only with the Family variety.
Before acquiring such a variety, it is necessary to study the features of its cultivation, look at its description on the Bessonovsky onion. You can chat with gardeners in various forums and specify where it is better to grow onion Bessonovsky onions.
Description and properties of Besson's bow
The characterization of the Besson variety is pretty good, and gardeners are happy to grow this variety in their garden. According to the description, this variety of bulbs is compact in size with a mass of up to 60 g, with golden scales that encircle the flesh and serve as protection against various kinds of damage. Such an onion does not differ in great juiciness, but its taste is piquant, with sharp sharpness. Some tasters rate the taste as average and only in places a little sharp, saturated.
Such a culture grows well in the middle climate zone. The combination of a low moisture content and a spicy taste of pulp allows the Besson variety to last up to 9 months, which becomes the undoubted advantage of this variety. Such stubbornness is appreciated by both farmers and owners of large fields, because it makes it possible to keep the crop, which preserves the presentation and excellent quality of taste. An onion can be sold when its price rises. You can see onions in more detail in a photo or video.
A two-year-old plant is grown from seeds (nigella) or by sowing sowing - small bulbs that sit in the spring and grow into a full-fledged onion of commodity size. Onions are successfully grown from seeds, as this is the most popular method. Sowing sowing gives a relatively high yield, and after planting chernushka almost no care is needed and they grow like weeds every day. Such onions reach marketable ripeness earlier than others and are ready to harvest by the end of July or early August.
This mainly depends on climatic conditions, on the region and region of residence. The variety cannot boast of high productivity, but the resulting product lasts up to 9 months. In the spring, you just need to sort out the raw materials, separating the good onions from the bad ones and determining which ones can be stored further and which ones will be on the table, giving a spicy taste to salads. How to properly grow Besson onions from seeds or planting seeds, you can see in the photo or video.
Growing onions from seeds
Nigella is sown in spring, when the soil dries out a little and it can be dug up: under this condition, the threat of winter return will pass, and frost will not ruin the crops. Nigella is sown in grooves up to 2 cm deep and up to 3 cm wide. Furrows are made at a distance of up to 3 cm, and the distance between the seeds is left quite often - no more than 1.5 cm. So each plant from the seeds will receive the necessary conditions for germination. Sown seeds are covered with humus or covered with earth, and then fertilized. After sowing, chernushki should not abuse watering and, if the beds are completely dry, water a little, but only between the rows.
Sowing is carried out in the spring after snow melt and in the fall before winter. During autumn planting, the seeds are sown in slightly frosty soil, so that they do not begin to develop during inopportune times and do not die in the winter. Crops are covered with bean tops, needles or dry peat, and the soil is fertilized with potash or phosphorus fertilizers before planting. You can use nitrogen fertilizers, but in small doses, so as not to change the acid ratio of the soil. For full development, magnesium and manganese should also be added.
To approximate the time of ripening, Besson onions are grown from seedlings prepared in advance. When using seedlings, the crop can be harvested 1.5-2 months earlier.
Features of seedling germination
Onions of this variety are often affected by diseases and pests, but the youngest specimen that has only sprouted is the most tender. Sprouted seedlings carefully, so as not to erode the roots, are fed and kept at a temperature of 20-22 ° C. So that the shoots do not stretch, it is necessary to provide sufficient seedlings for seedlings and to avoid problems with soil contamination with bacteria and pests, for which it is calcined in a hot oven. All the features of planting and growing can be seen in the photo or video. If the weather is excellent, then chernushka emerges 10-15 days after planting. Sprouts can be prevented by prolonged cold weather and a lack of sun.
Until the shoots appear, loosening between the rows should be carried out continuously. After the sprouts have grown for the most part, they should be thinned out. The weakest and underdeveloped are removed, which are subsequently used as food, like spring greens. This set of work is done 2-3 times during the summer and leaves the most developed and largest shoots on the bed. The crop grown from chernushka is harvested in August, and 2 weeks before harvesting, watering is stopped so that the onion is better stored.
Sow onion seeds to get seed: then the crops are not cut, and after harvesting you just need to sort out the collected onions. The process is carried out to leave the best bulbs that survive the winter and do not dry out, but give a full crop next year. The selected set must have a smooth surface, it should not have spots and traces of damage, it should have elasticity and not be too small.
How to grow onions using sevoc
Onion sets are small annual bulbs for planting that are grown with your own hands or bought. Such sevocs are not expensive and quite common. Planting onions with sevk has a number of positive aspects, which allows you to grow this particular variety. Thanks to this action,
- vegetable quickly forms a commodity bulb, which affects the crop;
- You can choose the most healthy and largest bulbs for planting.
- no need to grow seedlings for planting.
Such sevoc is perfectly stored, suitable for early planting and ripens quickly, although this variety has a major drawback. It categorically can not be planted in the winter, you can grow it only in the spring. It is recommended to get not only a full onion from it, but also to use for growing green onions. The largest bulbs are used for this purpose, and the beds are often watered so that the green feathers develop better.
What can interfere with onion cultivation?
The main disadvantages of the Besson onion include its weak resistance to pests and low immunity to diseases. Local onions are affected by powdery mildew and various rot, so when using onions of this variety should be used to control pests. For the prevention of beds are treated with copper sulphate, a solution of potassium permanganate and diluted ammonia water. You should not use all of these agents at the same time - a concentrated dose of plant protection products in this case will only do harm.
When signs of the disease already appear, which are recognized by the images in the photo, it is necessary to resort to chemical agents. There are also signs of degeneration of the Local cultivar, which is manifested in a deterioration of germination, a decrease in yield and quality of harvested bulbs. Such a problem may not speak of degeneration of the variety, but of a deterioration in the quality of planting material, in addition, Russian breeders are actively working to restore the variety. You should know that in order to get a good crop, you need to look for a local seedlings only from trusted suppliers with good seed.
Varieties of onions of Bessonovsky are considered reliable. This kind of onion belongs to the cheapest and most practical option that is grown from seeds and through the seeds. This onion is not particularly productive and is often affected by pests - you can not plant sowing even before winter. But this vegetable gives a high-quality crop and is well stored, therefore this onion is often used when choosing planting material. Common pests of the Besson onion can be seen in the photo or video.
If you have definitely decided that you will purchase Bessonovsky onion, you should choose a responsible seller for the onion purchase. Also, good quality goods can be purchased in specialized stores selling seeds or sevka. When acquiring unsuitable or spoiled material, onions may simply not produce a plentiful crop or grow small. When choosing a sowing, it is recommended to carefully select the bulb and see that there are no damage or putrefactive places on it. Also, if pests are found on the onion, then it should be abandoned.
In order for the planting material to grow successfully on the garden bed, you should plant sowing on the south or east side of the site. The fact is that in those places where the sun least falls on planting, the soil may not have time to dry out. In this soil, pests and insects, various fungal infections, quite often start. When growing crops on the sunny side, onions are less likely to be exposed to common diseases and pests.