Description Belorussian cabbage

Belarusian cabbage appeared on the world market almost 100 years ago. For all this time, she has gained worldwide recognition due to her excellent taste and marketability. In addition, this variety of white cabbage tolerates acclimatization and is undemanding to care for. Description of the variety of cabbage Belorusskaya consider in the article.

Description of Belarusian cabbage

Characteristic

Belorussian cabbage was bred at the beginning of the 20th century in Russia. Belarusian cabbage is suitable for cultivation in all regions of the country.

Belorussian cabbage 455 is characterized by medium-late ripening. The vegetation period, from the moment of the appearance of the first seedlings, lasts for 120 days.

Plant description

The outlet from which the leaves come out is characterized by average sizes: its diameter is 80 cm. It is rather difficult to determine the shape of the leaves, because they can change, depending on the care. Their sizes are average, and the color can go from gray-green to dark saturated swamp shades. At the edges of the leaves there is a slight undulation.

Description of the fetus

The description shows that the cabbage of Belorussian cabbage is 455 oval in shape and medium in size. The mass of an individual fetus can reach 6 kg.

With a diametrical section, the head of cabbage has a yellowish-white color. The leaves on the heads are not dense, more prone to subtlety. Excellent yield indicators are noted: from 1 ha, you can collect about 500-600 kg of selected high-quality products.

The main elements in the composition of the cabbage varieties Belorusskaya 455:

  1. the amount of solids varies in the range of 6-8% per 100 g;
  2. sugar level about 7%;
  3. the amount of vitamin C is 40 mg per 100 g.

Belorussian cabbage is considered a universal variety. It is often used to make salads or consumed fresh. Excellent taste characteristics are noted in the preparation of the first and second courses (stew, borsch or cabbage soup).

Growing seedlings for planting

The description indicates that planting seeds for seedlings is recommended in early April. It is better to prepare the soil in advance in which the seeds will be planted. You should mix plain earth, peat and sand, in a ratio of 1: 3: 1. Please note that soil acidity should not exceed 7%. Otherwise, the seeds cannot rise and die in the soil.

Belorusskaya cabbage seeds do not need additional treatment with disinfecting and stimulating drugs: they can be placed in containers immediately after purchase. The planting depth should not be large 1 cm, and the distance between the seeds should be 3-5 cm. As soon as the seed is inside the earth, they need to be sprinkled and watered with a small amount of water (about 2 l of warm water per 1 m2).

The seed container should be on the windowsill. Seedlings will begin to emerge much faster if you adhere to the optimal temperature regime. The first few weeks, until the shoots appeared, the room temperature should be about 20 ° C. As soon as they appear, it must be reduced to 15 ° C.

Methods of growing planting material

Plants need to dive

The characteristics of the variety show that the seedlings of the Belarusian cabbage variety can be grown in several ways.

  1. After the appearance of the first shoots, planting material must be dived. This procedure is carried out a week after planting the seeds. Each seedling is placed in a separate container of a large container, in which the sections are located at a distance of 3 cm from each other. After 2 weeks, plants can be transplanted into separate containers for future planting in open ground.
  2. The procedure is carried out 2 weeks after planting the seeds. To transplant the plant into a separate container, only healthy and strong seedlings should be used. The depth of planting in separate containers should be no more than 3 cm. It is better to remove 1/3 of the roots before this procedure, so they will develop much better.

Outdoor landing

To plant seedlings in open ground should be only after the plants have reached the age of 30 days. At this point, they already grow to a height of about 25 cm. A small amount of organic fertilizers (5 kg of humus per 1 m2) is added to the soil in advance.

The planting scheme is as follows: between the holes should adhere to a distance of 40 cm, and between rows of 60 cm. This will allow root systems not to intertwine.

Care Features

Growing varieties of Belarusian cabbage, follow certain recommendations for watering. If you grow a white culture in the soil from black soil, it is best to water once every 7-10 days. On sandy soils you need to water the plants more often - 1 time every 3-4 days. Cabbage of the Belorusskaya 85 variety, needs careful watering only at the stage of head formation. In the future, watering is important to reduce, so as not to lead to cracking of the fetus.

A few days after watering, you should remove the emerging weeds and loosen the soil. The depth of weeding should be about 7 cm, this is enough to remove the top crust from the ground and not disturb the root system. If soil is not weeded, it can lead to root decay.

Belorussian cabbage should be fed only a few times for the entire growing season. The first top dressing is carried out at that moment when the head of cabbage begins to form. Tinctures from organic fertilizers should be used (1 kg of mullein per 10 liters of water). Under each bush you need to pour about 500 ml of the substance. The second top dressing should be carried out 21 days after the first. During this period, it is advisable to use the same solution, pour 1000 ml of the drug under each bush.

Pest and parasite control

The description of Belarusian cabbage says that this variety is rarely exposed to certain parasites. The main enemies of the plant can be fleas, aphids or leaf beetles. As a prophylaxis of such pests, you can use colloidal sulfur, which is introduced into the soil before planting (200 g per 1 m2). You can fight the flea with a drug such as Fitoferm (about 10 mg of the drug should be applied under each root).

The drug for combating leaf beetle is Regent: in 10 liters of warm water you need to dilute 200 ml of the substance and spray each affected bush. Copper-containing preparations are considered effective aphid control measures. You can use Oksikhom or Epin (50 g of chemical per 5 l of water). They will disinfect the plant and completely destroy the parasite larvae.

Belorussian cabbage often has problems with diseases such as black spotting and powdery mildew. The problem is that such diseases cannot be completely cured. It is necessary to uproot the entire bush and burn it. As a preventive measure, treatments are carried out using Bordeaux fluid: 10 mg of the drug must be diluted in 10 liters of water, and the bushes are sprayed every 10 days.

Conclusion

Due to its unpretentiousness in care and high yield indicators, this variety has received great recognition around the world. The culture is grown on home sites or on industrial plantations for further sale.

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