Description and cultivation of Cedirea Yaponika
The silverfish of Japan is a special type of epiphytic phalaenopsis found in nature in Japan, Korea and the island of Rio Kiu. It blooms in warm weather, from late spring to early autumn.
Description and cultivation of Cedirea Yaponika
Japanese silverfish consists of a medium-sized stem covered with hard and fleshy leaves, which are 15 and 2-3 cm long and wide, respectively. Flower-bearing branches are curved and hanging, usually up to 12 small flowers. They have a rich citrus aroma, white and yellow-green color, carry purple stripes on the side sepals.
Tepalia have rounded ends. The triple lip has small lateral elements bent inwards, and the front lip resembles a scapula with a wavy edge (white in color with red-pink blotches).
Varieties of Japanese silverfish:
- Daruma Minmaru - has almost round leaves;
- Kibana - has a yellowish color and a white lip with purple spots;
- Kibana Soshin - white flowers, yellow at the base of the petals;
- Seigeki Maru - has round leaves;
- Minmarushima - variegate leaves;
- Fusamaru - the leaves are quite rounded;
- Sideria subparis is a rare species similar to Japanese sideria, but has spotted lettuce-green petals.
Due to its miniature size, at home, the orchid is used for terrariums, orchidarium and other devices, because the plant grows beautifully on branches and pieces of bark.
The soil should be enriched with pieces of bark of conifers, peat material, moss sphagnum, etc. Orchid is adapted for growth even on southern brightly lit windows.
Cedirea does not need regular transplants. It should be transplanted with excess salts or soil compaction, limiting aeration, as well as with large sizes of the root system. It is better to change the soil immediately after a flowering period.
Propagate the orchid should be vegetative lateral processes. To begin with, each separated bulb should form roots 4-5 cm long, then they are separated from the primary organism and planted on a substrate prepared in advance. In the conditions of special greenhouses, orchids are also propagated by seeds and meristematic (educational) tissue.
Caring for a flower involves several important points.
- Sideria Yaponika does not need high levels of humidity because their root system is often humidified, and excess moisture causes decay of the tissues of the roots and base of the stem. To maintain relatively stable humidity indicators, it is necessary to equip the window sill with pallets with slightly moistened drainage material (expanded clay, peat, sand), and then, under the influence of heating with ultraviolet rays or a heating element, the water will evaporate. In order to avoid active reproduction in a humid environment of fungal and bacterial pathologies, it is necessary to provide aeration of the room.
- During irrigation, water should freely enter the pan so that there is no stagnation of moisture in the soil and further destructive processes. It will be useful to use warm water for irrigation (30-35 °, up to 50 ° C), because this allows you to maximize recreate environmental conditions and regulate the transpiration process. Do not use hard water. The substrate between waterings should dry. In the cold months, it is reduced to once every 2-3 weeks.
Pour warm water
Diseases and Pests
Japanese silverfish is especially susceptible to fungal and bacterial diseases. Their main ones are tracheomycotic phenomena, which are manifested in the loss of turgor, the appearance of dry black spots and blackening rings in the roots. Often there are rot lesions - gray, black and brown. These pathologies, as well as spotting, anthracosis are treated with fungicides, doing two treatments with a period of about 10 days.
Of the insects, ticks, scale insects, thrips and aphids are found. In a mild form of damage, you need to wash the leaves with soap and water, in a neglected one - you can not do without insecticides. If you notice stickiness of leaves and dark spots formed by the fungus, then this indicates the appearance of a parasite of the scutellaria, which feeds on vegetable juice, thereby taking away the vitality and resources of the orchid. If a silver film and black dots are found on the leaves, we can talk about infection with thrips, which provoke leaf fall. The presence of the spider mite is noticeable by such signs: light dots on the leaf, thin cobweb and silver coating on the back of the organ. A particularly dangerous parasite is the root bug, which, as the name implies, is a destroyer of orchid roots. If you don’t rinse and disinfect the roots in time with a potassium permanganate solution, then the plants die quickly, because roots provides nutrition and metabolism of all plants
The abuse of fertilizers for the Orchids inhibits all life processes and causes non-flowering plants. For prevention, soil washing under warm water is used.
- monitoring the quality of water used for irrigation;
- moderate use of fertilizers;
- proper lighting at any time of the day;
- periodic hot showers;
- the use of drugs.
Japanese sideria is especially noteworthy for its small size, which makes the flower unusually attractive and delicate. At the same time, this phalaenopsis is not whimsical at all, which allows it to be grown not only by archdioces, but also by everyone who loves these beautiful flowers.