Description of Allegro Pears
Pear Allegro is a summer variety. It was bred about fifteen years ago from the variety "Autumn Yakovleva." From it, the variety received the sweet taste of the fruit and resistance to scab. Since then, none of the gardeners who dealt with him had any particular complaints about the size of the crop or the conditions for keeping the pear.
Description of Allegro Pears
The description suggests that the culture grows medium-sized - in the region of 3 m in height. The main fruiting period is August. The fruits ripen unevenly, which allows you to enjoy fresh fruit for a whole month. Productivity is consistently high. Fruiting begins in the fifth year after planting.
The variety is not capable of self-fertilization, therefore, before planting, you should make sure that there are pollinators nearby. Such may be summer varieties of pears Augustow spit and Chizhikovskaya. Early flowering and fruiting apples are excellent pollinators.
Shoots of light brown color, wavy in shape. The cuttings are small. The leaves are oval with a pointed end and dusty edges. The color of the leaves is not the same on different sides - the outside is shiny dark green, the inside is matte and lighter.
The pear grows quickly enough, although it does not begin to bear fruit soon. The crown is not thick and not too voluminous. The branches are slightly bent to the ground and have a slightly curved shape.
Description of the fetus
The average weight of one fruit is 130-140 gr. The shape is oval, pointed to the top. The skin is very thin and shiny pale green with a slight pink tint. When ripe, the green color slowly turns into yellow, and pink - into small burgundy "cheeks". The pulp is white, soft and very juicy. Like the donor variety, Allegro's taste is very pleasant, sweet without any signs of astringency. Pears also have a strong and pleasant aroma that is not characteristic of anyone else.
The fruits retain their taste and presentation for two weeks, but they must be stored in the refrigerator or at least covered with something on top, otherwise you risk getting a flock of very persistent “fans” - wasps and moths. The culture is universal, it is perfect for consumption immediately after being picked from a pear and for making jams, preserves, etc. In addition, during fruit ripening, one must be very careful - these fruits tend to ripen quickly, becoming too soft and not very tasty, so you need to harvest the crop when it is still slightly ripe, this will slightly increase its shelf life .
The description says that the most significant cultural benefits are:
- high winter hardiness (the tree can survive the winter at -380С);
- high productivity;
- excellent taste of fruits;
- resistance to scab and similar diseases (i.e. fungal).
Like most other varieties, Allegro pear does not like two things - wind and lack of sun. The landing place must be chosen well-lit, protected from the wind. If groundwater is closer than 2 m from the surface, then a small mound should be erected at the landing site.
If you want to plant your seedling in the spring, then preparatory robots should be carried out in the fall. Conversely, if the landing will be carried out in the fall, then the preparation for landing should begin in the spring.
The hole digs with a diameter of 1 meter and a depth of half a meter. It should lay a nutrient mixture. It consists of 1.5 buckets of chernozem and 10 kilograms of manure. Fertilizers are added there - ash and superphosphate, for example.
Immediately after planting, the seedling is recommended to be fixed with a rope and several pegs. Then the earth around the trunk should be well tamped, the trunk circle - pour water and mulch sawdust, peat or ash. Moisture should be stored in the ground for a long time, but it is also not worth it to excessively fill the trunk circle.
The quantity of the crop depends on the quality of care
Proper tree care can significantly extend his life and increase productivity. The main recommendations for care will be as follows:
- annual and biennial seedlings should be shortened in length (for annuals this is about 1 meter of growth);
- in young trees, the ovaries should be partially cut - otherwise it will greatly affect the growth and quality of the fruit;
- the seedlings should also shorten the growth, this will increase the yield of the tree in the future by a third.
In addition, the tree needs watering. If the summer was not too dry and hot, then 4-5 waterings per season are enough. Otherwise, the plant will need more water, depending on temperature and rainfall. Watering is best done by sprinkling, simulating natural rainfall, but you can fill the water directly under the trunk. With the last method of watering, one must remember that Allegro does not like when water stands for a long time at the trunk - its excess should be removed using drainage channels. After the water comes off, it is necessary to carry out loosening or mulching.
Another danger is sudden changes in temperature. Young shoots and already formed ovaries can suffer from such differences. Experienced gardeners advise the following way to deal with this - in the spring and autumn to whitewash with a mixture of water-based paint and Bordeaux fluid.
Diseases and Pests
In general, the culture has good immunity against most diseases - in particular against fungal. Nevertheless, it’s worthwhile to carry out some prophylaxis — this is weed harvesting, timely harvesting of fallen leaves and crumbled fruits. This will help to avoid the few diseases to which this culture is still susceptible.
Cracks are not a disease, but are the result of temperature or mechanical stress. However, cracks with a high degree of probability can cause the disease, therefore, immediately upon detection, they should be cleaned with a wire brush, washed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid and covered with either clay or a special putty.
Dark brown or black spots are a sign of a bacterial burn. It is treated by removing the affected areas, treating the cut with 1% copper sulfate or 0.7% iron sulfate. You can use the drug Azophos in 5% dosage. Processing is carried out in May-June. If the lesions are already significant, then trees within a radius of 5 meters should be uprooted and burned.
Sharp pale green or light yellow spots on young leaves are a clear sign of this ailment. There is no cure for it. Trees affected by it should be destroyed immediately, otherwise you risk losing the whole garden.
It is expressed as disproportionate growths on the roots of young seedlings. Affected areas should be excised and sanitized with 1% copper sulfate.
As a result, we can say that Allegro is a good variety with excellent taste. With proper care and timely disease prevention, the tree will live long and delight its owner with a stable, high-quality crop. A pear of this variety will be a great addition to the garden of any sweet tooth.