Decorative apple Royalty
The red-leafed apple Royalty is a decorative tree. It is used to decorate gardens, parks and squares. It was bred on the basis of the variety Nedzetskogo growing in Central Asia. A distinctive feature is purple leaves and large red flowers. It grows slowly, the fruits are almost inedible.
Decorative apple Royalty
Ornamental varieties of apple trees are popular among gardeners. They are often used by landscape designers to decorate park areas.
Royalty is one of the leading places among all varieties in this area.
- Resistant to frost and wind
- Resistance to drought
- Undemanding to soil quality
- Unpretentiousness in leaving
- Good adaptation in any climate
- Beautiful appearance
- Slow growth
- Poor crop pruning (even slower growth)
- Raw Fruit Inedibility
Description of the tree and fruits
The height of the tree in 10-12 years reaches 3-4 m, the maximum - about 5-6 m. The crown has an oval or spherical shape, its diameter is 4-5 m.
If the crown is not cut, the contours become irregular.
Sometimes lateral shoots appear near the stem, and the apple tree turns into a bush. In weeping species, the branches hang down, and practically do not require correction.
The growth of branches is small, up to 40-50 cm per year. At first they are compact in relation to the stem, but then they become spreading. The bark on them is dark, smooth. The barrel is of medium thickness, smooth.
The leaves are oval, elongated, ovoid or elliptical, 8-12 cm long. The surface is smooth, glossy, with a slight edge.
Purple or dark purple sheet plate is the main quality that gives Royal an original decorative look. At the end of summer, the tree brightens and turns crimson.
Leaflets do not fall for a long time and stand out against the background of a gray autumn landscape. If the crown is thick, the leaves on top can be dark green, which absolutely does not worsen the appearance of the apple tree. In the wind, it shimmers in different shades.
Flowering begins in early May and lasts 2 weeks. In arid regions, it can be reduced to 4-5 days.
The buds are sitting on elongated, whitish peduncles with a felt edge. They are collected in inflorescences of 4-5 pieces, cover the branch abundantly. The flowers have a shade of ruby, carmine, red raspberry, tea rose. Their diameter is 2.5-3.5 cm.
The fruits are small, up to 2-3 cm, slightly elongated, dark red in color, they are abundantly covered with a gray-blue waxy coating.
Apples look like cherries. They are located on long thin stalks and are in harmony with the crimson autumn leaves of the tree. Some of the fruits stay on the branches until spring, decorating a sleeping conservatory.
Apples are rarely in demand
The decorative Royal apple gives small fruits, they taste bitter-sour, many consider them inedible.
Digestive upsets after eating have been reported.
Experienced gardeners claim that they make a delicious cider (apple wine), tinctures and even preserves with compotes. They are mixed with other varieties so that the dishes acquire an interesting and original flavor.
In the Royal Apple tree, self-pollination is weak, only a small percentage of flowers turn into ovaries. Pollinators can be any variety.
If the ornamental tree grows in the garden, there will be more apples on it. But little attention is paid to this nuance, because the fruits are rarely harvested.
Resistance to frost is high. It can be planted in all regions, starting from the fourth zone.
This means that the variety does not die if the average annual minimum temperatures are in the range from - 31 - to - 34⁰C.
Frost resistance increases with high standing groundwater. Shoots on young trees may partially die or weaken if frosts are too severe in winter. Therefore, in the north, seedlings in the early years are recommended to cover.
Disease and pest resistance
Royalty is moderately resistant to disease. An apple tree can be affected by scab or powdery mildew. Often there is a bacterial burn.
Pests also attack, but a little less often than table varieties. The fruits are practically not affected by the apple moth.
The price of seedlings
The cost of seedlings, first of all, depends on age and height. It happens higher if the roots are closed by a lump of earth or a tree is sold in a tub. Average prices for seedlings in containers (with a closed root system):
- 30-40 cm - 600-800 rubles
- 50-80 cm - 1500-2800 rubles
- 1-1.2 m - 3500-6000 rubles
- 1.5-2 m - 5000-9000 rubles
Seedlings without containers (with closed or open roots):
- 150-200 cm - 1600-2800 rubles
- 200-250 cm - 3500-4100 rubles
Wholesale prices are 10-40% cheaper than retail. Most often in bulk they sell lots of more than 30-50 pcs. The cost is also affected by the level of the nursery in which the trees are grown. It’s better not to save, but to buy in trusted companies. Then there is a guarantee that they really will be varietal, take root on the site.
Use in landscape design
Beautiful trees with red leaves are often used in landscaping. They are planted in front of administrative buildings, along the streets, in city parks and squares. Many create compositions in their personal plots or near private houses.
The trees grow low, but they have a beautiful wide crown. Therefore, it can become the center of the garden landscape around which the whole composition is built. Especially beautiful in this regard are varieties with low weeping branches.
The appearance of the apple tree is very beautiful
Royalties easily turn into a bushy form. From it you can build hedges. Low trees with purple leaves are planted along the roads, interspersed with poplars or maples. In such a combination, their unusual color is beautifully emphasized. In the spring, they begin to bloom, filling the entire city or summer cottage with a unique aroma.
What regions are grown
The ancestors of the Royal variety came to Russia and European countries from Central Asia. But as a result of selection, they adapted well to a temperate and even cold climate - can be seen in the gardens of the Moscow Region, the Leningrad Region, in Siberia and the Urals.
They tolerate drought and winds well, so they are often planted in the steppe regions, with a sharply continental climate.
Royalty is not demanding on the planting site and soil. It grows well in both sunny and shaded areas. Clay soils and loams with moderate fertility are suitable for her.
You can plant in spring and autumn. When spring planting, you need to catch the moment when the ground has already warmed up, and the buds on the trees have not yet blossomed. In areas with a temperate climate, this is the end of March or the beginning of April, in the north - mid or end of April, in the south - mid-March. At the same time, they prepare a pit before winter.
Autumn planting should be planned 2 months before the onset of frost. In the north - this is the end of August or the beginning of September, in the middle lane - the middle of September or the beginning of October. In the southern regions, trees can be planted even before the beginning of November.
When choosing a landing place, you should consider the following points:
- If a tree grows in a dark place, its leaves change color from purple to dark green.
- If the shadow constantly falls on one side of the crown, it begins to grow disproportionately and is deformed.
The distance between two trees depends on the purpose for which they are planted. To create a hedge or alley, dig holes for 3-5 m from each other. Single apple trees should grow no closer than 15 m.
The depth of the pit is 40-50 cm, the diameter is about 80 cm. If the soil on the site is clayey and the groundwater is high, drainage from coarse river sand, pebbles or small expanded clay should be put on one. You can also add fertile garden soil mixed with complex fertilizers, or a mixture of peat with humus.
A seedling with a lump of land can be transferred to the site immediately. If the roots are bare, they are dipped in warm water for 4-5 hours with a growth stimulant. Before planting, the roots are carefully straightened and put the tree vertically in a hole. Sprinkle with earth so that the root neck is 2-3 cm higher than the surface. At the end, 5-8 liters of water are watered.
If the seedling is small and the winters are cold, they are advised to cover it with straw or special agricultural film. It’s also good to make mulch near the stem. To do this, use horse peat mixed with lime, straw, small pebbles, turf. Preparation for winter begins in late October, when the tree will dump almost all the foliage.
Royalty is an unpretentious variety. But with good care, the correct correction of the crown, its decorative qualities are improved. Diseases and pests will not affect beautiful leaves, the apple tree will delight the eye.
Royalty does not need plentiful watering. With excessive moisture, flowers and fruits may fall, leaves change their shade and even rot the roots. We must not forget that there is a variety from the eastern arid regions of Asia.
Watering is necessary in dry and hot summers, with a lack of rainfall in spring (during flowering). No more than a bucket of water is poured under one young apple tree, 2-3 buckets under an adult tree. So that moisture does not evaporate quickly, the earth after watering is loosened and covered with mulch.
The unpretentious Royal variety does not need abundant top dressing. Fertilizers are recommended to be applied no earlier than a year after planting. This is best done in the spring, just before flowering begins.
A complex mixture specially designed for ornamental plants is added to the soil. The next time top dressing is used only after a year. If the soil on which the Royalty grows is fertile, rich in nutrients and humus, you can not feed it at all.
Cropping and shaping the crown
Pruning an apple tree does not affect yield
The Royalties variety does not tolerate pruning very well; the apple tree slows down its growth. Some gardeners recommend leaving the tree alone so that crown formation occurs naturally. In modern landscape design, you still have to cut branches.
More often sanitary pruning is carried out in spring and autumn. Remove dry and damaged branches. When the tree is covered with leaves, you can carefully cut the pagons that protrude beyond the dome and spoil the overall appearance.
The artistic formation of the crown is contraindicated in this variety; it may stop growing or die altogether.
Prepare for the winter should be young seedlings. In the northern regions, adult trees are also recommended. It is best to use a special synthetic film for this. If this is not at hand, you can use lapotnik, reed, straw. But under natural materials, rodents (mice and rats) are often wound up, which can damage the bark or completely destroy the apple tree.
To prevent the roots from freezing, mulch is made around the tree for the winter. It is recommended to make it from sawdust, wood bark or shavings. You can also apply fine gravel, peat. After dry autumn, it is advised to water the apple tree, this increases the frost resistance of the roots.
Theoretically Royalty can multiply by apple seeds. But at the same time, there is a high probability that young trees will not retain their varietal qualities. And the process of growing seedlings will be too long.
The best option for reproduction is seedlings. You can cook them yourself. In autumn, young one-year pagons, 0.7-0.8 mm thick, are chosen. Carefully cut along an oblique line. Then they are planted in the ground under cover or stored in the basement (in a box with sand) until spring.
At the end of February, cuttings can be rooted in water or a special substrate. They are also used as a vaccination on other varieties of apple trees.
It happens that shoots on a tree slow down their growth, and young branches begin to die. In this case, it is recommended to carry out its rejuvenation or radical pruning. They do this in early spring, until the buds begin to swell and juices go down the trunk.
Description of the rejuvenation order:
- Side shoots cut off from above
- Bottom - weak twigs growing up.
- General branches should always remain longer than their processes.
- Large knots in the lower part of the stem do not touch, after trimming they can provoke the formation of hollows and the death of the tree.
- After the procedure is completed, the sections are covered with garden varnish.
To further stimulate growth, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers or wood ash are added.
Pest and Disease Control
The Royal variety may be attacked by pests, it is often affected by fungi and bacteria. To prevent diseases such as scab, powdery mildew, brown spotting, trees in the garden are treated with fungicides. To prevent the invasion of insects, apple trees are sprayed with insecticides.
Processing is carried out three times a year:
- In March, before budding
- In May, during flowering
- In late September or early October, before the leaves fall
Instead of industrial chemicals, you can use Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate, they are not so toxic. In late autumn, all leaves must be removed from the garden. In them, fungi and insect larvae breed well, which infect trees in spring.
Features of ripening and fruiting
Fruiting later. The first fruits appear 5-6 years after planting. Flowering begins in early May, lasts from 4 to 14 days, depending on the region. The peculiarity of this variety is that the flowers do not bloom at the same time. On the tree you can see large buds and delicate red flowers.
Fruits begin to form immediately after the petals fall. They also grow and mature not at the same time. The first red apples appear in late August, and the last in the third decade of September. They can hang on branches even after the leaves fall, right up to the first serious frost and snow.
Ripe apples resemble oval cherries. They are attached to the branches with elongated stems. The skin is dark red, covered with a coating on top. The size of the apples is small, about 2-3 cm in diameter, they weigh no more than 30-40 g.
Harvesting and Storage
Most gardeners do not collect Royalty apples; consider them inedible. According to the description, the fruits contain many organic acids and triterpenoids. This gives them a specific sour and tart taste, with pronounced bitterness.
Concentrated organic acids can break out in the stomach lining, causing symptoms similar to poisoning.
Especially sensitive to them are small children. Intoxication can occur if you eat apples from a tree that had previously been treated with chemicals from fungi or pests.
Some culinary specialists successfully use small Royalty apples in the kitchen. You can make jam from them. It is best to add small amounts of fruit to other varieties, be sure to cook in concentrated syrup with lots of sugar.
If you let the apples ferment with sugar, you get a great cider. They are also poured with vodka or alcohol, making a bitter apple tincture. Keeping fresh is not recommended, they quickly lose their quality, rot or dry out.
Varieties and subspecies
There are several subspecies of the Royalty apple tree. They differ in size and shape of the crown, height.
- Royalty Pendula or Malus Royalty pendula. The shape of the crown is columnar, the branches hang like a weeping willow. The leaves are not purple, but dark green with a slight admixture of purple. The flowers are pink, not dark red.
- Hybrid Magenta, Royalty Red or Malus hybridus purpurea. It features bright crimson foliage, abundant flowering of a pink-red hue.
- Royal Beauty or Royal Beauty. Weeping variety, all branches of which are sent down almost from the stem itself. The leaves are purple, the flowers are purple-red.
In addition to the shape of the branches, the shade of flowers and foliage, the varieties are almost no different. They are winter-hardy, suitable for growing in any region. Inedible apples in raw form, but can be used for the preparation of alcoholic beverages, jams. The care and landing system is the same for all species.
Most gardeners who cultivate the Royal variety note its decorative qualities. The tree becomes a real decoration of the yard. In summer, it pleases the eye with the original foliage color, in spring - with abundant flowering. The crimson autumn leaves remain on the apple tree longer than on other species. It remains a bright spot in the middle of the gray garden until almost mid-November.
You can’t eat raw fruits. They are used to make jams, cider and tinctures. Although most believe that these apples are generally not suitable for food.
Everyone notes the fact that the tree is unpretentious and practically does not require pruning to form a crown. For those who understand something in garden design, this is of great importance.
Royalty can be grown in the Moscow Region, in the Urals, and even in Siberia. But they advise in the early years to cover seedlings for the winter, so that young shoots do not freeze.