Dates of planting carrots in Siberia

Sowing a vegetable crop requires appropriate care, optimal temperature and fertile soil. The term is determined, depending on the climatic zone. Growing carrots in Siberia is hampered by harsh weather conditions. Having picked the right variety and adhering to the rules of planting, you can plant carrots in Siberia to grow healthy fruits.

Dates of planting carrots in Siberia

Growing carrots in Siberia

Carrots are a suitable vegetable for growing in Siberia. It can germinate even at 5 ° C.

Young shoots are resistant to frost. But low temperature affects the color and color of the fetus. It becomes clumsy and pale orange, so it is important to culture and cover up the culture.

Vegetables sprout in the Siberian regions longer than in the southern regions, so choosing a good planting material is important for a plentiful harvest. They do not recommend planting seeds deep in the ground: they will not germinate. When to plant carrots in Siberia, they are determined by focusing on frost.

Variety selection for Siberia

A large number of hybrids and varieties of carrots are suitable for Siberia. By maturity, all varieties of vegetable crops are divided into 3 types.

room

Type of vegetable variety

Ripening time

oneEarly ripening70-90 days
2Mid-season101-130 days
3Latemore than 130 days

For harsh winters, mid-season and late species are suitable, which are resistant to weather conditions in the north. These include varieties:

  • Dayana. The vegetables are tasty, juicy, with a sweet aftertaste. Under good weather conditions, they receive 9 kg of crop per 1 m². Root crop of medium size with a sharp ending, weighing about 150 g.
  • Nantes. Mid-season species, fruits are harvested 90 days after germination. Seeds are sown in winter or early spring. The variety is suitable for long-term storage, does not lose its beneficial properties until spring. The root crop reaches 14 cm in length, has a rounded ending.
  • Carrots Losinoostrovskaya 13. Has a conical shape. The vegetables are juicy and crispy, 13-15 cm long and weighing about 160 g. The high yield is 8 kg per 1 m². Seeds are sown in spring or autumn. From long storage, carrots accumulate a useful substance - beta-carotene.
  • Incomparable. Fruits of conical shape with rounding to the bottom. The color of vegetables is orange-red. The fruit is about 17 cm long and weighs 180 g. Suitable for winter storage.

Most types of carrots are suitable for diet food. Hybrids that bear fruit in Siberia are Abrino F1, Canada and Bersky F1. Large root crops include varieties Giant Ross, Nursery, Emperor and Gourmand.

If you grow carrots in a greenhouse, early ripe species will also grow well in the north. These include varieties Alenka, Amsterdam, Belgian White and Karotel Paris.

Dates of planting carrots in Siberia

For autumn planting, choose frost-resistant varieties

Planting carrots in Siberia is recommended both in the spring and in the autumn. Planting dates depend on the ripening time of vegetables. To carrot ripen quickly and early, the seeds are sown before the start of winter. Such fruits are consumed only fresh, for long-term storage they are unsuitable.

Autumn landing

For autumn planting, varieties are selected that survive the frost and snow. Carrots are sown in mid-November. Before starting cultivation, open ground is fertilized. For top dressing, choose potassium salt or superphosphates. For a good harvest, the precursors of carrots for Siberia should be:

  • potatoes;
  • cabbage;
  • leek;
  • Tomatoes
  • beet.

So that the seeds germinate, the soil must not be acidic. In case of high acidity, the soil is enriched with wood ash or sawdust. Only dried seeds are sown, 5 cm deep. In winter, the plant should be under a layer of snow. Planted vegetable crop in autumn is characterized by:

  • disease resistance.
  • rapid ripening of fruits.
  • less thorough preparation of planting material;
  • simplified sowing process.

Before planting in open ground, all plant residues must be removed.

Spring planting

Sowing in the spring is carried out in early April, immediately after the snow melts. Vegetables grow small but juicy. The soil before planting is loosened, all weeds are removed from the site. Planting a vegetable crop is recommended in unshaded areas, because it is a photophilous plant.

The planting technique in the spring is slightly different from the autumn planting. It requires careful preparation of the seeds. When planting, they are recommended to be mixed with sand or sawdust. After sowing, the seeds are covered with a film to facilitate further care of the crop. Planting carrots for 3 years in a row is not recommended.

Seed preparation

The choice of planting material is treated responsibly, only high-quality seeds are selected. To speed up the germination process, the seeds are soaked. The methodology for preparing planting material consists of several procedures:

  • Heat treatment. Seeds are placed in warm water to determine unsuitable: they will pop up. Suitable copies are left to infuse for 1 day, after which they are dried and sown.
  • Seed treatment by sparging. 24 hours before sowing, planting material is kept in warm water with a compressor from the aquarium. After dipped for 15 minutes in a solution of manganese. Washed under running water and left to dry for 4 hours.
  • Spraying with growth stimulants. For this, the preparations “Fitosporin” and “Sodium humate” are used.

Carrot care

In the process of carrot care requires several agricultural activities.

roomAgrotechnical event

Application

oneWateringVegetable during the development of the fetus is regularly watered. In summer, watering is done three times in 7 days. The planted crop is watered carefully so that the stream of water does not wash young seedlings. In this case, warm water is used.
2LooseningAfter the appearance of young shoots, carrots are thinned out, soil loosening is carried out. Loosen the soil after rain or moistening the soil.

So that a crust does not form on the ground, mulching with peat is carried out.

3Top dressingThe soil under the plant is fertilized with compost, peat or humus.

Organic top dressing is applied in winter when loosening the soil. The bush is fed twice with nitrogen and phosphorus additives during growth.

When planting seeds in spring, 10 g of sodium nitrate is introduced into the soil. To make the fruits sweet, 14 days before harvesting, the leaves are sprayed with sodium humate: 1 g per 10 liters of water.

After the emergence of seedlings, repeated thinning is carried out, but with a distance between the vegetables of 6 cm.

Conclusion

In order to grow a healthy vegetable culture in Siberia, it is important to choose a suitable variety, adhere to the rules of planting and preparing seeds that will endure a harsh winter. Planting plants in the fall should be when freezing begins. And when sowing in the spring, they select such a time so that there are no frosts at all.

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