The danger of chicken fleas

All owners of pets and birds are familiar with such problems as fleas from chickens in a chicken coop. Despite the fact that cats often live in these parasites, chicken fleas are also a common and unpleasant problem, which needs special attention.

Chicken fleas

Chicken fleas are very dangerous not only for birds, but also pose problems for humans how to get rid of them forever. Parasites are carriers of dangerous diseases: plague, brucellosis and salmonellosis, because they not only bring chickens and turkeys to exhaustion and death, but also can transmit worms to humans. Fighting them is necessary in the first place to maintain human health. You will learn further about how fleas appear in chickens and how to quickly get rid of them and what else these “roommates” are terrible for.

On the characteristics of the appearance of chicken parasites

Layers and chickens can get lice and fleas from other birds. It’s easy to find out how ordinary chicken fleas look, because they have the same structure as all other species. Thus, fleas in poultry have a small body up to 2 mm in size, in lice up to 5 mm, and are also equipped with strong long hind legs that help fleas to jump. The parasite has no wings, and his whole body is painted in chocolate color. Another feature is that fleas in chickens can resemble a small dark hanging mole, which can be seen in any photo. Features of chicken fleas are in some nuances.

  1. For life, they choose only the bodies of turkeys, chickens and chickens.
  2. Parasites are thermophilic, therefore they are not able to withstand temperatures below 40 ° C.
  3. Insects have a kind of mouth that bites exceptionally thin skin. This means that fleas are not dangerous for a person who does not keep cages with birds in the house.
  4. For food, they choose only the blood of broilers, chickens and chickens.
  5. Accumulations of parasites are often located in those places of the bird where there is little plumage or where there is none at all.
  6. The female parasite does not leave the selected victim until eggs are laid in it. To do this, the female “shoots” eggs with the help of special muscles. The larvae that appear immediately the next day look like small worms. They are characterized by rapid growth and increase, but cannot be dangerous if they are not in a warm chicken coop. Larvae feed on dry blood, droppings, hay, and any other waste found in the chicken coop.
  7. Breeding of chicken fleas occurs every day, with the female covering the entire area with eggs.
  8. The active worm develops for several weeks, after which it becomes a motionless chrysalis. In this state, the parasites can remain quiet for several months until a new hen appears on the horizon.

The life span of fleas in the chicken coop sometimes reaches more than one year.

Symptomatology problems

How to understand that your birds were struck by chicken fleas? Initially, this is almost impossible to do, because due to the small size of chicken fleas, they become almost invisible under abundant plumage. In the case when you see lice on the exposed parts of the body of the birds, you need to sound the alarm: this means that your turkeys and hens have already been hit by several hundred or thousands of parasites. Sometimes the accumulations of fleas on the face are similar to moles or growths. Fleas appeared in the chicken coop. How to get them out quickly?

If the bird does not get rid of parasites, then:

  • she will constantly feel pain and burning in places of bites;
  • egg production will decrease significantly;
  • the bird will be infected with other concomitant infections;
  • this will lead to anemia, exhaustion, death of all birds: hens, turkeys.

If a person does not get rid of parasites in the chicken coop in time, then the death of birds cannot be avoided.

Chicken flea control methods

Fleas in domestic chickens can be bred in several ways, which include the use of chemicals at home and folk methods. The first methods of disposal include the use of chemicals. Insecticides need to process birds and the room in which they live. There are many drugs, each of which is suitable for a particular case.

It is possible to force the dead-eaters to die using similar means intended for pets, the only thing that cannot be allowed is the penetration of poison into the body of birds. The best chemicals are:

  • Natural natural drops from Beaphar, which are made on Neem oil: it can be used to treat fleas in poultry, however, it should be remembered that the duration of the protection is only a month, so the procedure is repeated over and over again.
  • Drops from Hartz based on metoprene insecticide: the use of the product is not suitable for young birds due to the high level of toxicity - the drug is rubbed into the head and neck, and the result can be expected the next day.
  • insecticides (such as Tetrix, Get, Tsifoks), which need to cover the room: processing should occur even in the absence of birds.

Also, it will be appropriate to treat with powders and powders such as Deltamethrin, aerosols (Butox, Raptor, Combat), injections, pyrethroid solutions, natural drops (Advantage, Dan, Bars). Using traps and flea repellers in a chicken coop or barn is completely useless.

It is necessary to choose one or another treatment depending on how infected the birds are, as well as for which of the birds the medicine is selected. You can discuss the effectiveness of the funds with a veterinarian, it will be he who will tell you the best of existing medicines. The best method of control is treatment with natural medicines. After the measures taken, the turkeys and hens need to be transferred to another diet, composed of fortified foods. Any treatment should be accompanied by enhanced nutrition and systematic testing of birds for pests.

Preventive measures

What to do with fleas in the chicken coop, how to get rid of chicken fleas and how to treat birds, no longer causes any difficulties. In order to prevent another infection with parasites, it is important to regularly carry out prophylaxis, which is easy to do at home. So, for prevention, follow these tips:

  • no chemical treatment will help if you do not change the litter located in the nest or the chicken coop: fill it with dried parts of plants, tansy, wormwood, juniper will do;
  • use ash baths to treat animals;
  • treat animals and the premises regularly with appropriate chemicals.

In the case when it was not possible to prevent the appearance of chicken fleas, global pest control is necessary and important. It is important not only to resort to the processing of each bird in the room, but also to process the whole chicken coop. Follow the sequence: at the very beginning to process birds, and after that their habitat, in order to completely eliminate all crumbling and fleeing parasites from the surfaces of the chicken coop.

The same measures must be observed to process all nests and bedding so that fleas disappear in chickens. To do this, you need to properly water them, pollinate, moisten, leave them to lie for a couple of hours or 2-3 days, in order to wait for the death of not only existing adult individuals, but also the offspring of parasites. It will be appropriate to burn all the trash in the distance of your home. The building should be aired for a couple of days, after which birds can be populated. Repeat such precautions should be periodically every few weeks.

The use of folk remedies

You can fight chicken fleas not only in traditional ways, but also in folk remedies. Many poultry farmers use alternative medicine to eliminate parasites. So, fleas can be removed from the chicken coop by folk remedies using wormwood, ash and tansy. The simplest means is hanging or unfolding these plants on the chicken coop. The aroma of herbs is so strong that it is able to permanently drive out chicken fleas. In addition, you can use a decoction of tansy. To prepare it you need:

  • pour boiling water over the plant, observing a proportion of 1 to 3;
  • leave the broth for insisting all night;
  • in the morning you need to treat the room with the resulting liquid, wipe all surfaces: from walls to floors.

There is not enough knowledge of how to fight folk remedies against annoying parasites; it is important to correctly apply knowledge in practice and more than one method. Thus, chicken fleas are relatives of lice - a truly serious and dangerous problem, the treatment of which should be immediate and thorough. Remember that any disease associated with parasites is dangerous primarily for you, because the removal of fleas in chickens must be of high quality, and the treatment of the premises is complete as in the photo.


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