Cypress Elwoody - how to properly care for the plant

Cypress Elwoodi gained wide popularity among gardeners. It is used in landscaping for decorating private household territories and grown at home. Introduced to Europe in the 19th century. Got a name by the name of the English breeder.

Cypress Elwoody

Variety Summary

  • Needle color : depends on the variety, it can be yellow, and green, and gray-blue.
  • Height : cultivated garden species - up to 3 m, when cultivated at home - no more than 1.5 m.
  • Crown width : up to 0.6-1.2 m.
  • Growing regions : mainly in the south. As a potted flower, it can grow in the North.
  • Landing features : choose sunny areas with acidified soils.
  • Immunity : with proper prevention and proper care, resistance to diseases and pests is observed.
  • Life expectancy : in the natural environment - 500-600 years, with artificial breeding - up to 50 years.

Plant description

Elwoodi Ephedra is an evergreen garden variety of Lavson cypress from a subclass of coniferous gymnosperms. Individual specimens of the family tree grow up to 70 m in length with a trunk of 5 m in diameter.

The crown is formed by flexible branches that grow strictly upward, forming a cone in shape. Base size up to 1 m.

The color of uniformly colored needles is found in shades of green, gray and gray-blue, sometimes with a metallic tint.

The structure of the foliage is needle-shaped, scaly, after some time it gathers in a rhomboid-shaped sheet plate with a blunt tip.

Varieties

To date, decorative varieties of cypress Elwoodi have been developed, which in 9-10 years of growth gain height up to 1.5 m, and by the age of 30 years - no more than 3 m.

Empire

It differs from the initial characteristic by a more compactly folded crown with pressed needles. It is formed from short branches growing up. Green needles have a blue hue.

Gold

The height reaches no more than 2.5 m. It differs in golden needles, which at the initial stages of growth are bright in contrast, and eventually fade.

When landing in the shade and violating the rules of care, it loses a characteristic yellow tint.

White

The height of the smallest decorative variety is no more than 1.0 m with a crown width of up to 0.8 m.

The plant is often kept as a houseplant. The compactly folded crown is formed by erect, dense shoots, but slightly less often than in the Empire species.

The color of the needles is gray-green, the ends are cream.

White grows well in a place lit by the sun, it is allowed to plant it at partial shade. In complete blackout, cypress loses its diversity.

Pilar

By the age of 20 years, the Elwoody Pilar variety gains height up to 1.5 m. It has a narrow crown from direct shoots. The color of the needles in adult cypresses is blue-green, in young ones with a blue tint.

Distribution geography

Shrub grows poorly in the northern latitudes

Coniferous crops began to be grown in the subtropical latitudes of North America, on the island of Taiwan, and in Japanese and Chinese gardens.

Lavson's cypress later took root in the warm regions of the Black Sea coast and in the south of Ukraine.

It grows poorly in harsh northern climates. Subject to the basic rules of agricultural technology, cultivation in the Moscow region and the Leningrad region is possible.

Landing technology

For a positive result, it is important to choose a healthy seedling, transplant it in a suitable place and then properly care.

Seedling selection

It is better to buy seedlings in nurseries. Already adapted to artificial growing conditions, they better take root.

Preference should be given to plants with a closed root system, stored in peat containers, where they do not overdry.

The price of grown conifers significantly exceeds the cost of small shoots, which in most cases are not able to adapt to a new place.

When buying, it is also worth paying attention to turgor and the condition of coniferous plates.

Site preparation

Cypress Elwoodi grows poorly in areas where there is a lowered relief with stagnation of air masses and groundwater flow, rainfall runoff.

A well-ventilated area with an equipped drainage is best suited.

For a plant, it is preferable to create a circular light, however, direct sunlight is not desirable. The most suitable place in the open air is west or east under the scattered shadow near the standing tall trees.

When growing as an indoor flower, you should avoid places near heating appliances.

It is better to put the pot on a windowsill in the western or eastern part of the room in winter, and in the spring move it to the north side.

  • In an excessively shaded place, it will stretch upward, losing its conical shape and contrasting color.
  • When placed on the sunny side under bright rays, the coniferous greens of the cypress will get burns and begin to turn yellow.

The required duration of daylight hours is 6 hours. The need increases with the development and maturation of the plant.

Gold and White varieties are most in need of illumination.

Elwoody grows well on light acidified loamy or sandy loamy soils with pH 4.5-5.5.

The soil mixture is prepared from turf, sheet soil and river sand, mixed in proportions of 3: 1: 1.

When growing in the garden, a planting pit is organized in the fall, additionally adding peat and humus to the substrate, taken in equal parts.

For planting at home, add mineral fertilizers.

Landing

The tree must be protected from direct sunlight

Seedlings are planted after the end of frost, when the air warms up to 20 ° C.

In the landing pit, the depth and width of which should be 2 times the diameter of the root system, drainage is made of expanded clay, broken brick or crushed stone. The layer thickness is from 0.2 m. 2 weeks before planting, it is filled with water.

Pre-soaking in the root stimulator helps to shorten the adaptation period.

The seedling is set at the center of the hole, exempted from the cover covering the lower part, and covered with soil mixture.

The root neck of the conifer is not buried and does not fall asleep.

After planting, the plant is abundantly watered and for a while they create a shadow for it.

Care Rules

They take care of the Elwoody cypress according to certain rules.

The pot is placed on the windowsill, near the open window. The optimum temperature regime in winter is 10 ° С - 15 ° С, in summer - up to 20 ° С.

The crown is periodically sprayed with water.

When cultivated in the fresh air they create shadow protection with covering material. The plant does not like transplanting.

Watering

For normal growth, coniferous crops require moderate watering, without drying out the soil or excessive waterlogging of the soil.

In the hot summer season, spraying on needles is additionally arranged. It is preferable to water with pre-settled boiled water.

Some gardeners lay ice cubes around the trunk. They moisturize the earth evenly and nourish the roots.

When growing conifers in the open, it is watered 1-2 per week. Additionally carry out sprinkling. The norm of water consumption is 10 liters per 1 plant.

Sprinkling not only provides moisture, but also acts as a means of prevention against pests, carefully washing them from the inner layers of the crown.

The need for watering is determined by the ambient temperature. In the absence of moisture, young plants die quickly from drying out. Adult conifers are resistant to drought, but with irregular watering, the needles begin to turn yellow.

Top dressing

Often, the procedure is not recommended. Enough once a season to make a mineral complex designed for conifers, for example, Kemira.

Additionally, foliar top dressing is done, spraying once every 14 days, from May to August, with solutions from fertilizers, chelates and epin.

To maintain the contrasting color of the needles, magnesium sulfate is added to the mixture at the rate of 1 tsp. for 10 liters

In preparation for winter, moisture is recharged and fertilizers are applied, which include potassium and phosphorus.

Mulching and loosening

Cypress does not need crown formation

Mulch creates a protective layer to retain moisture. The trunk circle is usually mulched with peat, tree bark or needles.

Loosening the space around the trunk is extremely rare, because surface roots can be easily damaged.

Crown formation

The cypress is cut only for sanitary purposes, because crown formation is not required.

After winter, frozen and dried parts are removed.

For sanitary purposes, the conifer is cut several times per season.

They clean the internal branches to which sunlight does not enter, as a result of which they dry out and become a favorable environment for the settlement of the spider mite.

Slices are treated with garden var or copper sulphate to prevent the penetration of the fungus.

The specimen is subject to formation in which several tops differing from each other in height are formed.

To give the necessary shape, the plant is pulled a little in the fall with a wire wrapped at several levels along the length of the growth.

Simultaneously with the sanitary haircut, the dried-up needles are cleaned, which acquires a yellow-brown color, violating the aesthetic appearance.

More often than not the whole leaf plate dries, therefore the branch is not completely cut off, and the dry part is removed manually or with a garden secateurs.

Winter protection

The conifer can survive frosts without shelter if the air temperature does not fall below -20 ° C and there are no strong winds.

Protection is especially needed for young cypress (up to 3 years old), whose weakened root system freezes in the cold, and after saving it is no longer possible.

Winter hardiness of adult specimens is better.

Plants are wrapped with heat-insulating cloth, the trunk circle is dug in with snow and covered with spruce branches. Seedlings are opened in the spring, when the air is heated from 10 ° C and above.

Lutrastil, spandbond, agrofibre of white color reflecting the sun's rays are suitable as covering material.

How to propagate Elwoodi

Lavson cypress propagated by seeds, cuttings and layering. Wherein:

  • Before sowing, seeds must be stratified in the cold;
  • layering is taken in the spring from the branches of the lower tier, attaching them with studs to the ground and sprinkling on top with a layer of earth, cut off the rooted shoot and transplanted to a permanent place in the fall;
  • cuttings are harvested in spring from shoots cut into parts, their rooting takes place faster in well-moistened light soils, transplantation is carried out in the next season.

Disease and pest resistance

Good care will maintain plant health

The cypress species is quite resistant to diseases and pests, however, failure to comply with primary preventive measures and improper care can lead to the appearance of parasitic insects and plant diseases.

Pests

More often, the cypress family is attacked by scale insects and spider mites. Treatment with insecticides, for example, Aktara, Actellik, Karbofos and the like, helps to cure the affected conifer.

Disease

With excessive watering, root rot appears. With a lack of moisture and drying of the soil and air, the cypress needles begin to turn yellow, dry and crumble.

Basic preventive measures:

  • dosed watering for potted conifers;
  • spraying;
  • creating shade in the hot season.

Practical use

Cypress is popular with gardeners in the southern regions, where climatic conditions make it possible to decorate them with winter gardens, park areas, and personal plots.

Often, the conifer is used in landscape design as part of the decor for the formation of alpine slides. Residents of the northern regions grow it at home, in pots.

Compact Elwoodi is combined with other cultures, used as a hedge or as a single focal plant.

Gardeners reviews

Gardeners fell in love with the cypress of Elwoody for their original look. The conifer grows well in the southern regions outdoors.

Many successfully apply it in the landscape design of garden plots and grow houses as a decorative indoor flower. Often planted in cottages, in composition with juniper.

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