Cucumber variety ant

The cucumber ant is an early ripe gherkin-type hybrid, designed for cultivation in open ground, greenhouses and under film shelters.

Cucumber variety ant

Grade characteristics

Cucumber Ant f1 is a variety with a female type of flowering (parthenocarpic form). The fruiting of the crop begins after the emergence of mass seedlings (about 1.5 months from the time of planting).

The characteristic features of the variety include:

  • early ripeness (the first crop ripens after 37-38 days from the moment of emergence of seedlings);
  • high productivity;
  • unpretentiousness with respect to external conditions of growth, cold resistance (calmly tolerates short-term temperature drops);
  • lack of bitterness in the fruits, laid down at the genetic level;
  • immunity against common diseases (cucumber mosaic, olive spotting, powdery and pseudomuscular dew).

The only drawback of the hybrid is the impossibility of growing a new generation from their seeds, as seedlings will be significantly inferior in quality to their mother plants.

Bush description

Bushes of Ant F1 are characterized by medium height, short lateral shoots and a powerful main stem. The variety can be planted in tight spaces, as culture does not grow.

Features of the structure and development of the plant:

  • parthenocarpic form of flowering (only female flowers are formed);
  • medium degree of climbing (lateral shoots are short, the plant is quite compact);
  • plants do not need pollination by bees (the variety is suitable for growing in a greenhouse) and do not risk being pollinated by other varieties;
  • the growth of the central stem is not limited to a flower brush, the growth force is medium;
  • bunch formation of ovaries (from 3 to 7 fruits in one node);
  • the leaves are medium-sized, painted dark green, their surface is slightly wrinkled, the edge is slightly wavy;
  • when fruits are removed from the plant in the gherkin stage, the total number of greenhouses increases.

Description of the fetus

The external parameters and taste of cucumbers Ant f1 are due to their specific characteristics.

Description of fruits of cucumber Ant:

  • the fruits are small (about 8-11 cm in length), oval;
  • the average weight of the fetus is 100-110 g;
  • large tubercles on the surface of the fetus, ribs weakly expressed;
  • bright green thin skin with parallel white stripes extending from the top to the middle of the fetus;
  • light green juicy pulp, medium-dense, without bitterness, crispy and fragrant;
  • pubescent, with white spiked fruits.

The fruits of this hybrid ripen a week and a half before the other varieties, but also finish bearing fruit earlier than the rest. On one node, up to 7 fruits are formed and mature at the same time. This leads to a high yield of seedlings: up to 12 kg per 1 sq. Km. m

Cucumbers have good transportability and retain their presentation even during long-term transportation.

Care

Top dressing will increase plant productivity

This hybrid is usually grown in greenhouses, but also in open ground, it also shows high rates. Planting cucumbers produce dry seeds or seedlings (which speeds up fruiting) in fertile and warm up to 10-12 ° C soil.

When planting, it is important to monitor the density of crops for optimal light transmission.

The hybrid is classified as unpretentious plants, but for better growth, it requires:

  • at least 3-4 feeding during the growing season (you can use chemical or natural fertilizers);
  • timely plentiful watering with warm water (preferably drip irrigation);
  • weeding and removing weeds;
  • loosening the soil for better breathability;
  • mulching the soil (allows you to reduce the number of weeds and reduce water consumption during irrigation).

For good growth and full development, it is important to carefully monitor the degree of thickening of seedlings, removing diseased and improperly formed. It is recommended to plant 3-5 seedlings per 1 square. m in open ground and 2-3 seedlings per 1 square. m in greenhouses.

Saplings tolerate various weather conditions, but their fertility directly depends on the abundance of sunlight: the more it is, the more ovaries form on the plant.

Disease

The most common infection of cucumbers with fungi. These include:

  • dry spotting (alternariosis);
  • copperfish (anthracnose);
  • root and root rot;
  • black stem rot (ascochitosis);
  • withering of a cucumber (tracheomycosis).

Most often, these diseases manifest themselves as spots on the leaves (on the inside of which the mycelium occurs) or ripening fruits.

Fight against fungal infections is carried out by disinfecting the soil, controlling its moisture capacity, maintaining optimal air temperature and preventive treatment with special preparations.

Cucumbers of the Ant variety have genetic immunity against powdery and downy mildew, cladosporiosis and peronosporosis, which are dangerous for other varieties.

Of the bacterial diseases, the greatest danger is the angular spotting of the leaves (bacteriosis), which affects almost all visible parts of the bush. The best prevention of bacteriosis is the choice of healthy planting material and thorough disinfection of soil and crops.

Conclusion

Grade Ant F1 is a hybrid of universal use. Miniature size, excellent taste, resistance to many diseases, early ripening of fruits, high productivity and transportability - all this brings him well-deserved popularity and love of many gardeners.

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