The consequences of postpartum paresis in cows
Postpartum paresis in cows is a paralytic disease, accompanied by paralysis of the esophagus, intestines, tongue and all limbs, which leads to loss of consciousness and deep coma. Basically, this disease affects cows, rarely pigs and goats. The reasons for the genesis of paresis in a cow after calving today remain unclear.
Postpartum Paresis in Cows
Cows paresis after calving appears in the first 72 hours. Very rarely, the disease manifests itself after 14 days or after a couple of months. The initial signs of the development of the disease:
- decreased activity;
- decreased appetite;
- whole body tremor;
- does not feel pain;
- the udder may become rash.
In the advanced stage, the animal cannot stand up. One of the signs is the pose in which the cattle lies: the limbs are bent under the belly, and the head is turned sideways. The neck is curved in the shape of an English S. The horns and limbs are cold, body temperature often drops to 35 ° C. There is no urination and stool abduction. Tongue paralysis is characterized by prolapse of the tongue, profuse salivation. For some individuals, a manifestation of overexcitation is characteristic: animals shake their heads, turn over. Gritting their teeth, they beat against the walls and moo loudly. A short activity is replaced by an oppressed state.
Factors provoking the occurrence of the disease
There are many versions, but the main reason for the development has not been identified. According to one version, a cow paresis begins in connection with a catarrhal disease, which the animal acquires during calving. Other scientists believe that postpartum paresis in a cow appears due to malfunctioning of the pancreatic gland, which secretes an unusually large amount of insulin. During the experiments, it was proved that after an injection of insulin in a cow, standard signs of paresis appear after calving. Also, during the research it was revealed that a separate group of animals with certain features is most often exposed to the disease.
- Postpartum paresis occurs in highly productive dairy individuals that have reached the age of 5-8 years. Rarely, manifestations can be seen in young heifers.
- Often the disease affects thoroughbred purebred animals with excellent prospects for milk production.
- With a constant stay in the stall during the cold weather.
- Paresis in cows after calving often occurs if dry feed from concentrates predominates in the diet.
- The manifestations of the disease are characteristic for cattle with a sufficiently large weight.
- Signs of the disease will appear in cattle with impaired glucose-protein balance in the body.
Description of treatment
The treatment of paresis in cows for a long time consisted of local and general methods. However, the methods were ineffective and did not reduce the suffering of the animal.
The algorithm for treating maternal paresis in a cow:
- treat the animal with a glucose solution in combination with calcium chloride;
- sodium benzoate and caffeine injection;
- injection of vitamin D2 with magnesium sulfate will favorably affect the condition of the animal.
In this case, the dosage must be determined by the veterinarian.
At the same time with injections, the udder of the animal is pumped with air. For the procedure, the cattle is laid on its side. They squeeze and fill the udder with air using the Evers apparatus. This should be done at a moderate pace, starting with the lower lobes. After that, the nipples are bandaged with bandages. Leave in this condition for about half an hour. You can not bandage the mammary glands with threads, otherwise the tissues may die out. For five minutes, it is necessary to massage with very careful movements. Often, after such procedures, noticeable relief occurs, and the animal begins to gradually rise to its feet. If after 6-8 hours there is no positive result, repeat pumping manipulations.
When the animal rises, it is necessary to milk it 1-2 times a day. Bandages from the mammary glands are removed immediately after the cow stands up. Often, birth cow paresis is accompanied by chills, then you need to warm the cattle. To do this, on the sides along the back, starting from behind and gradually moving forward, they begin to carry out active circular movements with hay, then cover with a blanket and put heating pads. Together with warming, it is necessary to rub camphor oil in the udder and put laxative enemas with a solution of medium salts and sugar.
Features of the pumping procedure
The Eversa unit used for pumping air includes discharge balls and a bicycle pump, which are combined with each other by a movable tube and a catheter at the end. To prevent infection in the mammary gland, a filter is inserted into the hose. Slow measured pumping can have a more effective effect on the receptors than fast. After all the lobes are pumped, it is necessary to pump air into those that were pumped first.
The criterion by which it is determined whether enough air has already been pumped in is the total tension of the skin. With a lack of air, the therapeutic effect may be absent, and with an excess, alveoli can rupture, resulting in subcutaneous emphysema, which is easily removed by palpation. Excessive amounts of air are absorbed, but this has a very bad effect on further milk production.
After the entire procedure, you need to massage the tips of the nipples. This manipulation causes the sphincter to contract and prevents air leakage. It happens that after 15 minutes the animal feels a significant improvement in well-being. After the cattle get to their feet, tremors are often observed throughout the body, which can last for several hours.
Features of therapy in severe form and possible complications
Symptoms of postpartum paresis in severe cows are lack of urination and stool retention. First of all, treatment is based on getting rid of excrement and urine by massage of the rectum. Troakar is an excellent tool that will help to cope with gases during the development of tympathy. During treatment of postpartum paresis in cows, the animal should not be given medications through the mouth due to the possibility of paralysis of the pharynx. In the presence of such a complication, the drugs will fall into the trachea, which will lead to disastrous consequences. Finding out how successful the treatment is is pretty easy. In just a couple of hours, the animal has an appetite, and it can stand on its feet. These will be the first signs indicating that everything is done right and on time.
The rapid and severe course of the disease leads to the development of such a pathology as tympathy. Treatment consists of piercing the scar and introducing into the cavity a 5% alcohol solution of up to 400 ml. In no case should you try to administer drugs through the mouth. Measures taken on time will help to cure the animal in a couple of days, without leaving a trace. However, there is no guarantee that the disease will not appear again after the next birth. There is a possibility that the birth paresis in the cow will appear after each calving. If you are interested in the topic of paresis in cows, you can watch the corresponding video below.
Alternative methods and how to protect your cow
One of the alternative methods of treatment is the introduction into one of the quarters of the udder of fresh or heated milk from a healthy animal. Using a syringe through the catheter, you must enter up to 2 liters of milk. This technique has several advantages. After pumping fresh milk, the animal quickly gets to its feet. If there is no improvement, it is recommended to inject the same amount of milk in the same proportion, and pump the rest with air. Usually, the effect after the procedure is visible after 30 minutes.
To prevent the development of paresis, it is necessary to use simple preventive measures. Prevention is as follows:
- in the prenatal period, in about a few weeks, it is necessary to change the diet, removing from it juicy herbs and concentrates;
- Do not walk the animal in the hot time of the day;
- during the prenatal period, everything should be equipped in the barn in such a way that there are no drafts;
- in the dry phase or with a decrease in lactation, it is necessary to stop giving concentrated feed: it is recommended to give 8 kg of hay and not more than 3 kg of concentrate;
- 7 days before birth, you can take an injection of vitamin D2, and also start giving a glucose solution;
- during the start it is recommended to give the animal mineral substances, as well as regularly walk the cows if weather permits.
Conclusions, generalizations, forecast
Postpartum paresis is often observed in highly productive dairy individuals or in aged cows. Manifestations of the disease in young heifers are extremely rare. The main reasons for the development of the disease lie in the improper nutrition and care of the animal.
Characteristic symptoms are most often observed in the first three days after calving, very rarely - after a couple of months. If the animal is not helped in time, after the first manifestations, the stage of paralysis occurs when the animal falls to the side with its head thrown back. From this state, the cow is quite difficult to get. In 70% of cases without therapy, the animal dies. After the first manifestations of the disease, you can not lose a minute and if the veterinarian needs to wait a very long time, you need to start acting independently.
Treatment of birth paresis includes a set of various measures. The main thing is to remember that it is strictly forbidden to give any medicine through the mouth to a burenka, otherwise they can get into the trachea and then the consequences can not be avoided. Today on the Internet you can watch the video "treatment of paresis in a cow", which will tell in detail how to provide first aid to a sick animal and prevent the development of an ailment.
If all the manipulations are done in time, the female will get on her feet in a couple of hours and feel a significant improvement. In most cases, the prognosis is rather favorable. The disease can be cured without harm to the animal. However, do not forget that to prevent it will be much easier than to cure. Simple prophylaxis and appropriate care are the key to good pet health.