Conference pear characteristic
Pear Conference - a classic variety of English origin, which for over 100 years has been successfully cultivated in many regions of Russia and other countries. In China, the variety is grown for industrial purposes. It gained its popularity thanks to delicious fruits with a dense structure and versatility of use.
Conference pear characteristic
This is a mid-season variety with a long storage time and the ability to finally ripen after removal from the tree. Undemanding to care and growing conditions.
Mid-season autumn variety with regular and high yields. An adult tree over 7 years old can produce 35 kg of fruit. The fruiting period begins quickly, the first fruits on young trees are tied for 3-5 years after planting. Technically ripe fruits are removed from the tree at the end of September. Pear Conference does not require additional pollinators. But cultivation in the neighborhood with varieties of Berre, Williams improves the yield and taste characteristics of the Conference pears. Itself can act as a good pollinator of other varietal pears (Striyskaya, Goverla). It has good resistance to scab and bacterial burn, but can be affected by fungal diseases.
Among the minuses of the Conference pear variety, there is a tendency to freeze at temperatures below -18 C. For this reason, the Conference is better suited for regions with mild winters. But many gardeners grow this variety in regions where the temperature drops to -20 or lower.
The description of the plant shows that the trees are very tall, reach a height of 5-7 meters. The height may depend on what rootstock the seedlings are grafted onto. If quince is used as a stock, then the trees grow up to 5 m, on a stock of wild pears - up to 8 m.
The crown has a conical shape with a diameter of about 4 m. It is characterized by rapid growth, in one year the branches grow by more than 0.5 m. The leaves are dark green, oval elongated. Blooms in May with white five-petalled flowers. The Conference can fully grow and bear fruit 45–50 years.
Description of the fetus
Fruit weight - 130-160 g, larger 200-220 g. (in the first years of fruiting). Harvested fruits require additional time for ripening. Completely ripened have a pleasant oily structure, graininess is not felt, the taste is sweet with a slight acidity.
Characteristic features of the fetus:
- the skin is green with small spots of brown-rust;
- elongated, bottle shape;
- pulp from cream to light pink, dense, uniform;
- peduncle short arched.
The fruits are well stored in the cellar and in the refrigerator, do not lose their juiciness and taste. Shelf life 4-6 months at a temperature of 3-7 C.
Pears are valued. Conference in the confectionery business, after heat treatment they retain a beautiful shape, dense structure, distinct taste and aroma. Perfect for desserts, pies and cakes.
The quality of the fruit variety
Tasty and healthy pear
Pears Conference is rich in nutrients and vitamins that benefit the human body. Contain glucose, fructose and sucrose. As well as vitamins A, B1, B2, E, P, PP, C. The fruits contain carotene, folic acid, mineral salts and a large amount of fiber.
This sweet fruit can be consumed by people who are diagnosed with diabetes mellitus or have problems in the thyroid gland, it contains a large amount of glucose, which does not require insulin for absorption. It has a pear and immunostimulating, disinfecting and anti-inflammatory properties, and organic acids and fiber improve digestion, stimulate metabolism, and this is also useful for children. And also make up for the deficiency of folic acid and iron. Pears have a low calorie content (42 kcal per 100 grams) and therefore they are used in the diet menu to regulate weight.
The description of the properties of the variety says that if the pear is used improperly, the Conference can be harmful to those who have serious problems with the digestive tract, acute inflammatory processes, and peptic ulcer in acute form. Nutritionists and doctors do not recommend consuming large amounts of fruit on an empty stomach or after eating meat and dairy products.
Autumn is the best time to plant pears in the garden. In order for seedlings to take root well, they must be planted in September-October. With late planting, young trees may not have time to take root in a new place, and then the chances of freezing in the winter and subsequent death increase.
In order to grow a good and fruitful Conference pear tree, you need to choose a quality seedling and plant the ego correctly. When buying a seedling, you need to pay attention to such characteristics:
- Age is best to choose a 2 year old, it will take root easily and will quickly grow.
- Root stock, grafted pear on quince quickly begins to bear fruit.
- The root system should be well developed, fibrous without damage.
- General condition: the seedling should look healthy, without cracks, traces of fungal diseases, damage by pests.
And also on the seedlings should be present a label indicating the variety and manufacturer. Having chosen a seedling, it needs to be planted in the near future.
Choosing a place and preparing a landing pit
We spill the seedling well
For good growth and development of the pear, the landing site must meet certain requirements. It should be well-lit and protected from strong winds and drafts. For the Conference, the southern or eastern part of the site is suitable. Ground water at the site should be at a depth of at least 3-3.5 m. Pears grow poorly on heavy and waterlogged soils. And also you need to consider that the Conference pear in accordance with the variety description is a large tree that requires a lot of space.
It is also necessary to properly prepare the landing pit. In order for the sapling to take root easily, dig a hole 1 m wide and with a depth of 0.5-0.6 m, but if the root system is larger, then the depth must be increased (up to 1 m.). Gardeners recommend filling a hole with 2-3 buckets of a mixture of compost, peat, river sand. This will improve the quality of the soil, provide the seedling with an initial supply of nutrients, and a good structure and friability will accelerate rooting. The bottom of the landing pit should be well loosened so that the process of oxygen supply is more intense. When preparing the pit, you need to drive in a support to which the sapling is fixed so that it grows even, and the trunk does not bend when strong winds occur.
Before planting a seedling, it is placed in a container of water for 12-24 hours. For better engraftment, root formation stimulants (Epin, Kornevin) can be used. After this, the roots are coated with a nutrient mixture. To prepare it mix ½ bucket of land with 2 tbsp. ash and add water to the edges of the bucket.
A seedling thus prepared is planted in a prepared hole; during planting, it is ensured that the root neck remains at the surface level. Gradually, they completely fill up with earth, compact the near-stem circle and watered with water, 2 buckets of water are used for one tree. If shrinkage occurs after irrigation, add more earth. The trunk is attached to an installed support. And they mulch the seedling with peat, sawdust or compost.
In order for the seedlings to root well and quickly after planting during the first month, you need to water the plants 2 times a week, 1 bucket per tree.
Care for young seedlings
In order for young seedlings to grow intensively and turn into strong fruiting trees, they need some care. It consists in regular:
- top dressing.
Pears are resistant to drought, but during seedling growth, the first 3-4 goals after planting, watering is required and should be regular. Pears are watered once every two weeks; for one seedling, 1-2 buckets of water are enough. During droughts and high temperatures, the frequency of irrigation is increased to 1 time per week. In rainy weather, there is no need to water the trees. Adult fruiting trees are watered 4-5 times per season.
It is very important to carry out loosening and weeding of the near-stem circle, loosening is carried out every two weeks to a depth of 10-15 cm. This procedure is carried out after irrigation or rain. Loosening improves soil structure and gas exchange. Weeding is done as the trunk circle is overgrown.
In early spring and late autumn, it is recommended to mulch the trunk circle with peat, compost, and vegetable peelings. Water the soil, loosen it, and then spread the mulch with a layer of 2-3 cm, this will protect the roots from lowering temperatures and freezing in the winter, and will also serve as a good top-dressing of a prolonged action.
The first 3 years of young seedlings are enough to feed twice a season, in spring and autumn. You can fertilize the seedlings with organics, for this suitable rotted manure. Slurry is prepared for young trees; for this, 0.5 l of manure is poured with 10 l of water and left to infuse for 5-7 days. Before use, dilute in a ratio of 1:10 and water the pericarp circle. And also use ready-made complex fertilizers for fruit. They are used in accordance with the instructions.
Pear Conference - a variety not demanding to maintain, has good characteristics and has long been tested by many gardeners. Early entry into fruiting, a stable harvest of sweet and tasty fruits - these are the qualities that brought the Conference well-deserved popularity in many countries.