Conditionally edible fungus pink thistle
The pink fungus mushroom is in the genus of lamellar Mushrooms, belonging to the family of russula basidiomycetes. Belongs to the class of agaricomycetes.
Conditionally edible fungus pink thistle
According to a botanical description, the pink trefoil has a mushroom cap that grows in diameter up to 4-12 cm, in rare cases - up to 15 cm. Initially, the cap shape has a convex appearance, with time it becomes flat. In the central part of adult mushrooms, a depression forms.
The edges of the mushroom cap are pubescent, bent towards the leg. The surface is covered with a thick layer of coarse villi that form irregular concentric circles. The peel on the mushroom hat is mucous. The color is pale pink, sometimes with a gray tint, also varies from yellow-orange to light beige. In the absence of rainy weather, the color of the pink wave is changed to almost white. With mechanical action on the surface, the mushroom cap acquires a dark shade.
The pink trefoil, or lactárius torminósus, has popular names: rubella, bagpipe, krasul, volzhanka, etc. Many are wave-like, because the surface of the mushroom cap is similar to ripples on the water surface.
Mushroom pulp is painted white. Its structure is dense and strong. The fruit has a sharp aftertaste. It emits white milky juice with an acute taste and resinous smell, plentiful, not changing color when it comes into contact with air.
The mushroom leg is pale pink, its height is 3-6 cm, width is 1-2 cm, the shape of the regular cylinder slightly tapers closer to the base. The structure is quite strong, solid. In young mushrooms, the leg cavity is filled, over time it becomes empty (hollow). The surface is covered with fluff; sometimes there are small sizes of indentations (pits).
Mushroom plates are painted in milk, closer to white, for example, a pink shade. They are often planted, have intermediate plates, not wide, descend along the mushroom leg. With age, the color of the mushroom plates changes to yellowish.
Places of growth of pink traps cover the northern part of the forest strip, where birch trees grow. They appear in areas well-lit by the sun in grass thickets, less commonly found in humid areas. Able to form a symbiotic association of mycelium with birch roots, mainly of old trees.
The season of active growth falls on the second half of June and lasts until the end of October. Mass fruiting of Pink Piper is observed in 2 stages: initially in late July and secondly in early September.
The wave has no poisonous doubles
In pink waves, in nature, there are similar edible and conditionally edible varieties, among which:
- lactarius spinosulus, or a prickly lactarius, which is characterized by the absence of mossy pubescence at the edges of the mushroom cap. They are smooth and even. The mushroom is conditionally edible, suitable for consumption in a salty form.
- lactarius pubescens, or the white trap, has a less contrasting color of the mushroom cap almost white, the mushrooms themselves are smaller. The diameter of the white variety is slightly smaller than that of the pink.
- lactarius deterrimus and deliciosus, or red spruce and real, have a milky juice, painted in a bright orange color. It is secreted by mechanical damage to the mushroom pulp.
Pink foodwort is classified in 2 categories according to food quality characteristics. She is conditionally edible. It is acceptable for use salted and pickled, in some dishes - fresh.
Before use in food, these mushrooms are subject to prolonged soaking and short-term heat treatment with boiling water or steam (blanching). In the process of cooking, the mushrooms become yellow.
When salting, small mushrooms are especially appreciated, the diameter of which does not exceed 3-4 cm. They are popularly called curls.
Residents of the center and south of Europe do not use bagpipe for food purposes, in Finland it is fried after 5-10 minutes. blanching.
Weakly-pink thrombus is toxic in low concentration and can cause an irritating mucous reaction, as well as an upset bowel. In a salty form, the pink threshing pan becomes edible and ready for use 50 days after salting.
The pink wave is one of the rhizomes from the russula family. It is conditionally edible. By nutritional and taste qualities it is applicable for culinary purposes after soaking and heat treatment, it is one of the main mushrooms harvested for the winter in the northern regions of Russia.