Clementines and their health benefits

Clementine is a citrus from the subfamily of the orange root family. It was bred in 1902 and has since occupied an honorable place among fruits.

Clementines and their health benefits

Botanical characteristic

Clementines were obtained as a result of selection work by crossing two citruses: mandarin and Sicilian orange.

This is an evergreen plant blooming with white inflorescences. The foliage of a small tree is dense, has notches at the edges, is pointed at the end and is attached to short petioles. In the sinuses there are small spines.

The fruit was named after the French breeder Clement Rodier.

Clementines are the closest relatives of mandarins, so they resemble this citrus in appearance, only a little smaller. To taste clementines are sweeter, have a smack with honey notes.

The fruiting period is October-February.

Clementines are grown on North and South African citrus plantations, in the US states of California and Florida, in Spain, Morocco and Chile.

Differences from tangerines

Clementine has the following differences from mandarin:

  • the diameter of the middle clementine fruit reaches about 6 cm,
  • the peel of hybrids crossed with oranges is much softer, streaked with pores and easily peeled from juicy pulp.
  • clementines are more rounded in shape, similar in appearance to small oranges.

The cost of hybrids is slightly higher than the price of other citrus fruits.

Varieties

Today there are 3 main varietal varieties of clementines by regional cultivation.

  • Corsican To taste, they are the sweetest among others. The fruits are covered with orange-red peel, have a fragrant aroma. Seedless. The species is grown in Corsica, it is protected by the trademark of the area. The Corsican variety comes on sale from the first of November to the beginning of February. As proof of the freshness of the fruit, the Corsicans took it as a custom to preserve foliage for sale on the fruits.
  • Spanish. It is grown in the Mediterranean. Fruits in small and large fruits, with 2-10 seeds each.
  • Montreal It is considered a rare varietal variety supplied by Spanish and Algerian gardeners. Fruits having 10-12 seeds appear by mid-October.

Some varietal varieties of gardeners are grown at home. Among such indoor clementines, the varieties Amoa-8 and Rubino Rosso are noted.

Chemical composition

Clementines contain many vitamins

The energy value of 100 g of citrus is 35-50 kcal.

Nutritional composition:

  • up to 86.5 g of water,
  • up to 12 g of carbohydrates,
  • up to 2 g of dietary fiber,
  • up to 0.85 g of protein,
  • up to 0.4 g of ash,
  • up to 0.15 g of fat components,

Vitamins

  • 48.8 mg of ascorbic acid (C),
  • 14 mg choline (B4),
  • 0.636 mg of vitamin PP,
  • 0.2 mg alpha tocopherol (E),
  • 0.151 mg pantothenic acid (B5),
  • 0.1 mg betaine,
  • 0.086 mg of thiamine (B1),
  • 0.075 mg pyridoxine (B6),
  • 0.03 mg riboflavin (B2),
  • 24 mcg folate (B9),
  • Macro and microelements:
  • 177 mg potassium
  • 43 mg of copper
  • 30 mg calcium
  • 21 mg phosphorus
  • 10 mg magnesium
  • 1 mg sodium
  • 0.14 mg of iron
  • 0.06 mg of zinc,
  • 0.1 μg selenium,
  • 0.023 mcg of manganese.

Among the digestible carbohydrates per 100 g of citrus:

  • up to 9.18 g of mono- and disaccharides,
  • up to 1.59 g of dextrose,
  • up to 5.96 g of sugar,
  • up to 1.64 g of fructose.

Health Benefits

The use of clementines lies in their rich chemical composition.

Circulatory and immune systems

Citrus is able to raise tone

Healthy fruits are famous for a large amount of ascorbic acid, the proportion of which exceeds the percentage of vitamin C in tangerines, grapefruits and oranges. Vitamin C takes an active part in oxidative and reduction processes, increasing the body's immune defense and activating the absorption of iron.

Having anti-inflammatory properties, citrus is useful to use during exacerbation of respiratory diseases and to tone up.

Ascorbic acid deficiency causes loose structure and bleeding of the gums, leading to nosebleeds due to increased permeability and excessive fragility of small blood vessels.

Heart muscle

The acids contained in clementine fruits are beneficial for the normal functioning of the heart muscle. Potassium, which is present among the elements, contributes to the normalization of blood pressure and is responsible for the reduction of muscle tissue.

Overweight regulation

Useful dietary fiber in citrus leads to a feeling of satiety and inhibits the appearance of excessive appetite. Together with the low calorie content of the product, this allows you to adjust excess weight. Fiber has cleansing properties, removes toxins and toxins.

Metabolic processes

Normalization of lipid, protein and carbohydrate metabolism occurs due to the thiamine contained in the fruit - vitamin B1. As a result, the work of the brain is activated, the mood improves. Pyridoxine - Vitamin B6 - is actively involved in the synthesis of proteins, helping to absorb polyunsaturated acids and excrete glucose.

Skin and hair

Antioxidants are a source of beauty and elasticity of the skin, strength of hair and nails, for which they use essential oil pressed from the peel.

Contraindications

Being a relative of citrus fruits, clementine in some cases leads to the appearance of allergic reactions and can cause harm to health in case of individual intolerance.

The recommended daily intake of citrus is 2 pieces.

It is forbidden to use clementine fruits that increase stomach acidity during exacerbation of kidney and gastrointestinal diseases. Citrus should be restricted to people with diabetes.

Scope of application

Clementines are consumed fresh, they are sugared, made from them juices, preserves and jams, added as seasoning to alcoholic beverages. They serve as ingredients for salads and main dishes, and are widely used in the preparation of desserts.

By means of cold pressing from clementine peel, an essential oil is obtained, which is widely used in cosmetology. Hot baths with it allow you to relieve depressive states and act as a means of combating insomnia.

Conclusion

Clementine is the result of crossing tangerine and orange; it differs in size from these citrus fruits. Unlike other citrus fruits have a sweeter taste. In the chemical composition, the fruit contains numerous vitamins and elements, therefore it has health-beneficial properties and has been widely used in cooking, cosmetology and traditional medicine.

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