Clematis pruning in the fall
Of flowering garden plants, clematis is very popular. In order for it to bloom profusely, good care is required. Proper clematis pruning in the fall is especially important. It is this process that regulates plant growth, its development and flowering.
Clematis pruning in the fall
Form Trim Value
Clematis is trimmed in the fall, this is done in the first year of the plant's life. So the plant is forced to bloom and give new shoots. Lianas after the procedure branch better, look healthy.
Formation is carried out both in spring and in autumn. Each period has its pros and cons.
After spring pruning, there are long achenes that do not look very beautiful. It is impossible to get rid of them before the fall.
Formative pruning of clematis is carried out in the fall, in November, it gives the shoots the opportunity to develop. Such cropping times are good for central Russia. The procedure will not lead to the early emergence of new buds, and frost will not be able to destroy young shoots.
Types of Clematis
According to the methods of forming bushes are divided into 3 groups. This division is due to the following factors:
- view of the bush;
- plant variety;
- timing of flowering.
The formation of clematis is done depending on the category to which it belongs:
- flowering on the shoots of this year;
- flowering on last year's shoots;
- flowering on last year's cropped shoots.
There are varieties that form buds and flowers on last year's shoots. Therefore, the procedure carried out at a later date, when there are already shoots and buds, leads to the fact that flowering does not occur.
If the procedure is carried out in May, then such species have time for kidney formation.
Pruning clematis in the fall in some varieties is done only for a beautiful decoration of the bush.
If the bush blooms in July, then powerful shoots are formed every year. Flowers are located on them. Such species are greatly shortened in autumn, the bush during flowering is well ventilated and looks beautiful.
All plants are divided into 3 main groups according to the methods of formation. Each group needs a special procedure. Clematis is cut in the fall like this:
- the plant is not pruned at all or only immature parts are removed from the shoots;
- cut off half;
- cut to the root.
Before proceeding with the procedure, it is important to examine the kidneys. If new large buds have already appeared in the sinuses, it is impossible to leave long shoots.
Young plants are always better to shorten. Then their flowering will be more magnificent and long.
Some types of flowers do not require formation
The princes winter well in their original form. They safely survive frosts and therefore their scissors do not touch. On Jacques, Intergroup and Vititzella, flowers appear on the shoots of this year. Therefore, all last year’s processes are cut off. In a warm climate, they bloom in early spring and retain a lush crown until the end of September.
Hybrids usually bloom late. Such species include the well-known Montana, which gives flowering on old shoots, and new ones remain empty. This bush grows and very quickly braids around supports or arbors. The species is choosy to climatic conditions and does not tolerate severe frosts. The whole aboveground part may die. This variety does not require formation.
In the second group, the first flowers appear on last year's shoots, but quickly fall off. The bush blooms profusely later when young shoots appear. The lush blooming crown lasts from July to October. Therefore, when pruning clematis in the fall, it is better to shorten or completely cut all last year's shoots to give an incentive for the growth of new ones. For flowering in the spring, you can leave a few last year's branches so that the bush does not seem naked.
The third group includes solid and erect species. With the onset of cold weather, grassy shoots die in them. Such species are best removed under the root and sprinkled with fallen leaves, creating a protective pillow.
Post Trim Actions
Flowering is a critical period that takes a lot of power from plants. In order for the flower to rest well and be ready for a new magnificent flowering, it is important to properly prepare it for the winter period after the autumn formation.
For beginning gardeners breeding clematis, formation is the first step to a long wintering. Then the sick and weak shoots that can cause illness of the whole bush are removed.
There are 2 types of shelter for the winter.
In the first case, when preparing for winter, shoots are laid on the ground. Under them, it is better to place cut branches of vines or put a spruce branch. If the vines are too long, they are twisted into a ring and sprinkled on top of humus or earth.
There is another option for shelter. All shoots are stacked next to each other. From above they are covered with cut branches of other trees from the garden. All this is covered by lutrasil. So that the material is not torn off by the wind, it is pressed along the edges with something heavy: stones or sticks.
In order for the bushes to bloom abundantly in the spring and before the onset of autumn, it is important to correctly conduct the autumn forming procedure and cover them well for the winter. It is important for novice flower growers to understand that the timing and methods of pruning depend on the timing of flowering. This simple secret will allow you to get beautiful bushes on the site.