Choosing Cabbage Seeds
Cabbage is one of the most common vegetable crops. When purchasing cabbage seeds, you need to understand that each variety has its own purpose.
Choosing Cabbage Seeds
This Dutch hybrid has been popular for several years. It attracts the attention of gardeners of high productivity. The producer of seeds of this variety is the Bejo company.
Round-shaped heads mature in about 10 days after transplanting mature seedlings into open ground. Accordingly, the variety is mid-late. The mass of each fruit is at least 3 kg, the leaves are tightly adjacent to each other. As for the average weight of the fruit, it is 4.5 kg. This hybrid is appreciated for a long storage period, during which the cabbage does not lose its taste and presentation.
As for the destination, this hybrid is equally good for making fresh salads, as well as for pickling or pickling. This variety is also used in the food industry.
Hybrid Satellite is resistant to fusarium wilt, which often affects this vegetable crop. Cabbage of this variety does not crack.
Sugarloaf - Another mid-late hybrid for universal use, which can not be ignored. This variety was born thanks to the work of Russian specialists working in the Zedek company.
The height of an adult plant is on average 0.4 m, but this variety is quite sprawling. The diameter of the leaf outlet can reach 0.9 m. Accordingly, seedlings need to be planted at a considerable distance from each other. The leaves are painted either green or gray and are covered with a coating resembling wax. The edges of the leaf plates have a slight waviness. Heads ripen approximately 135 days after planting seedlings.
Despite the grayish color of the leaf plates, white heads are cut in a section. The main advantage of the Sugarloaf is its high content of natural sugar. Accordingly, it is best to use this variety for fresh consumption. Hybrid Sugarloaf has a universal purpose.
The formed heads are dense inside, there are no voids in them. Each head of cabbage weighs at least 1.5 kg. The average weight is 3 kg. Heads of cabbage weighing about 7 kg grew in the Altai Territory.
The hybrid has a significant drawback: the fruits during ripening are able to crack. Also, when fermenting, the Sugarloaf becomes somewhat harsh.
Specialists recommend harvesting after the first frost: the taste of cabbage harvested before frost is less saturated.
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Good seeds for a good result.
This is a French hybrid that is prized for its high yield.
The weight of one head varies from 2 to 6 kg. The hybrid is resistant to frost, so it is grown in the northern regions of the country. Sheet plates are large. They are painted in light green color, there is a wax coating. The shape of the heads is round, there are no voids.
In industrial cultivation from 1 ha, up to 700 centners of crop are harvested. The average figure is in the range of 450-500 c. Almost the entire crop has a good presentation. Heads have a high concentration of vitamin C.
Hybrid Foreman normally tolerates a lack of moisture and is resistant to fusarium. Even with an untimely harvest, the heads of cabbage do not crack. The only drawback that this variety has is the high pricing policy of planting material.
The production of seeds of the Slava variety is handled by the Russian company Gavrish. The variety is primarily appreciated for its excellent taste. The Glory in fermented form is especially good.
Glory belongs to mid-season grades. Rounded and slightly flattened heads of cabbage mature in 105 days. This variety is high yielding. With proper care, the weight of the ripened head of cabbage is 3.5 kg. The plant is not sprawling. Accordingly, it can be planted quite thickly. With 1 sq. m collect about 13 kg of cabbage.
The hybrid is resistant to most diseases, not prone to cracking. Heads of cabbage are stored no more than 3 months. This indicator cannot be called high: throughout the entire period the crop retains a good presentation.
Variety Slava is intended for fermentation and for fresh use.
There are two varieties of the described variety: Slava Gribovskaya 231 and Slava 1305. They differ slightly in ripening period and yield.
Glory 1305 ripens 2 weeks later and gives larger fruits. Tighter heads of cabbage and a longer shelf life for the variety Slava Gribovskaya 231. Slava 1305 is resistant to almost all diseases, suitable for growing in Siberia and the Urals.
As for the taste qualities of hybrids, they practically do not differ.
Super Cossack F1
Cabbage Super Cossack F1 is the result of the work of Russian breeders. It is valued for its high palatability, early maturity and resistance to disease (not susceptible to mucosal bacteriosis and black leg)
The full ripening period is 105 days. The period from the planting of strengthened seedlings in the ground to harvesting is 50 days.
The diameter of the ripened head of cabbage is 60 cm. The height of the plant varies from 0.2 to 0.3 m. The leaf plates are painted in dark green, sometimes a bluish tint is present. The weight of one head is an average of 1.5 kg. Due to the small size of the plant, planting thickening is allowed. Productivity from 1 ha is 35-37 ha.
This hybrid was born thanks to the work of Moscow breeders. He is for high commercial quality.
The length of a sheet plate with an even and smooth edge is 25-27 cm. The width varies from 23 to 31 cm. The average diameter is 55 cm. The sheet plates are painted in light green. If you look at the fruits from a certain angle, you can see a bluish tint.
The ripening period is 95 days, technical maturity occurs after 90 days, after the first seeds germinate. The weight of each head varies between 1.2-1.5 kg. In this case, the total yield from 1 square. m is 3.5 kg.
The hybrid resists vascular bacteriosis well, but is prone to keel, which is able to destroy a large part of the crop. The variety is not resistant to the black leg, so when growing seedlings at home, difficulties arise.
This hybrid of Ukrainian selection is appreciated for keeping quality.
Heads of cabbage look unusual. This is due to excessive wax coating.
You can get the crop 125 days after the planting of stronger seedlings in the ground. Accordingly, the hybrid is late-ripening.
How much each head will weigh depends on the quality of the care of planting. The average weight is 3 kg, which is a good indicator. About 1 ton of crop is harvested from 1 ha during industrial cultivation. The advantage of this hybrid is its short stump. Also, the hybrid is resistant to almost all diseases of a fungal and viral nature.
If during storage provide the appropriate conditions, fresh cabbage can be eaten all winter. Super Extra hybrid is 9 months old. Harvest during storage does not undergo point necrosis.
This Dutch hybrid is appreciated for its high yield. The hybrid is stored for about 5 months, is not afraid of fusarium and is rarely affected by thrips.
Heads need 135 days to mature. With proper care, heads of cabbage weigh 5.5-6 kg. The average weight is 4.5 kg, which is also a lot. It is worth noting the high content of heads of vitamin C.
This hybrid is especially good in fermented form.
Of the new products, you should pay attention to the following varieties:
- Siberian 60;
- Sunta F1;
- Golden hectare;
- Surprise F1;
- Cecile F1;
- Skywalker F1.
The last 2 varieties come from Holland. Despite this, they perfectly adapt to the harsh climate of Russia, and are resistant to many diseases. The same goes for Sunta Japanese cabbage.
The listed varieties are worthy of competition even to such popular hybrids as Lebedushka, Minora and Agresor.
Features of choice
When purchasing white cabbage seeds, they pay attention to the producer. Quality seeds are easier to germinate at home, and they give viable seedlings. Also, when buying seeds, pay attention to their expiration date. To purchase original seeds, they make a purchase only in specialized stores operating on the market for at least 8-10 months.
It is also worth paying attention to where the seeds came from. Preference is given to domestic producers or foreign seeds that have managed to prove themselves. Often, foreign, even the best hybrids, are not adapted to the harsh climatic conditions of Russia.
Cabbage is propagated by seeds, however, getting good seeds from hybrids will not work: in each next generation there will be weaker and disease-resistant plants.
When buying, pay attention to where the manufacturer recommends planting seeds. The productivity of greenhouse hybrids when grown in open ground is significantly reduced. When planting seeds for seedlings, large containers are taken so that when transplanting into the ground, the root system of plants is injured as little as possible.