Characterization of self-fertile varietal pears
Self-fertile pear varieties are self-pollinated pears, can grow apart, successfully bear fruit and give a decent harvest. In the article, we consider what self-pollinated varieties exist and how they differ from each other.
Characterization of self-fertile varietal pears
When choosing a pear for your garden, it is important to understand what qualities you need to pay attention to, and this is not only self-fertility, but also frost resistance, ripening time, yield, fruit characteristics, and taste.
Many years of work by breeders allowed to develop such self-fertile varieties that have a range of advantages, which will satisfy the requirements of many gardeners.
Summer early ripe variety bred on the basis of K. Timiryazev Academy Perfect for cultivation in the middle lane. Differs in high frost resistance. Fruiting begins 3 years after the planting of the seedling. Harvest, after 6-7 years from the moment of planting, it gives 35-45 kg of fruits that ripen in mid-July.
The fruits are not large, 110-130 g with a pale yellow thin skin, with a faint blush. The structure of the pulp is dense, has a sweet-sour taste. Fruits are suitable for storage for two months at a temperature of 2-5 ° C.
Among the shortcomings are:
- poor transportability;
- crumbling fruit;
- poor tolerance of prolonged drought.
Lada is self-fertile, but if grown in the vicinity of other pear trees, yield increases by 10-15%. It also improves the quality of the fruit, depending on which pears grow nearby. For such purposes, they practice planting or planting Rogneda, Skorospelka, Chizhevskaya, Memory of Zhegalov in the garden or plant it on the main tree.
Bred as a result of pollination of the hybrid VI-53-67 with a mixture of southern species of pears. Incorporated the best qualities. Designed for cultivation in the Central region. Relate to mid-ripening, it ripens from mid-August to the end of September. Ripening is gradually extended by 1-1.5 months. It is characterized by high productivity, more than 50-60 kg of fruits are harvested from one adult tree.
Fruits grow in weight from 150 to 220 g, symmetrical elongated, from green to yellow, with a slight blush on their sides, the skin is dense with a distinct tuberosity, it tastes sweet. The pulp has a uniform structure, graininess is not visible. Suitable for fresh consumption, cooking and processing to confiture, jams. A distinctive feature is a very small seed nest, with 4-5 seeds.
It is popular in industrial cultivation to provide a fresh fruit market. It has good transportability and a beautiful presentation, but it is stored for a short time (up to 2 weeks).
The variety will delight you with productivity
One of the best self-made varieties of pears in the summer ripening period. Differs in high and regular productivity, early maturity. It is not demanding to care, resistant to low winter temperatures. It blooms in mid-May, which reduces the chances of freezing color and ovary. Suitable for cultivation in the middle zone with a temperate climate.
The first fruits are tied 3-4 years after planting a seedling or inoculation. Differs in regular high productivity. On one tree, 55-60 kg of pears can ripen. Ripening reach in August. The fruits are smooth pear-shaped, reach an average weight of 130-155 g. The skin is smooth, no tuberosity is noted, green, at the moment of full ripening with a yellow tint. They have a distinct taste, sweet, with a high sugar content of 9.5%. The pulp is homogeneous, pale yellow in color, the structure of the fruit is oily, moderately juicy.
Among the advantages note:
- good transportability;
- possibility of storage up to 4 months;
- the fruits do not crumble;
- drought and frost resistance.
The disadvantages of the Chizhevskaya pear include a tendency to reduce the size of the fruit after reaching 25-30 years of age.
Dessert self-fertile varieties have gained their popularity among gardeners due to the high rates of sweetness and juiciness of fruits in such fruit trees. But among all dessert varieties the best are named:
Autumn variety, bred as a result of crossing Forest Beauty and Venus. In a short time, it gained popularity among many gardeners due to its beautiful shape and high taste characteristics. Veles (Daughter of Excellent) easily tolerates winter frosts to -25 ° C, but tends to freeze at a young age during spring frosts. Suitable for cultivation in areas of temperate continental climate.
Fruits have an average weight of 180 g, but in the early years there are larger specimens with a weight of more than 200 g, they are rounded in shape with a flat and smooth surface, ripen in September. The skin color is green with a distinct orange-red blush. The pulp is dense, juicy, uniform, tastes good.
The trees are medium-sized with well-developed skeletal branches, the crown is pyramidal. Begins to bear fruit for 5-6 years. Veles is well kept for 4-5 months. For industrial purposes, they are used for making jam and juices, sometimes as raw materials for candied fruits.
Fruits are good for processing
The variety of the autumn ripening period was bred as a result of crossing Tema and the Forest beauty. It easily tolerates low temperatures. It is rarely affected by diseases and various pests.
Fruits are not large 100-130g round shape. The skin has a primary color of green, but gradually turns yellow with a fuzzy blush of red. Small subcutaneous points are traced, weakly expressed. The flesh has a sweet and sour taste, the aroma is weak, fine-grained.
Otradnensky pears are stunted, standard. Begin to bear fruit for 3 years. The yield is regular and stable, 30-40 kg / tree. The shelf life after harvesting is 100-120 days (at 0-3 ° C). The fruits have a good presentation, are suitable for long-term transportation, and are resistant to mechanical damage. One of the best self-fertile varieties for industrial cultivation and processing.
Colon-shaped fruit trees have gained great popularity among gardeners in recent years.
Due to their compactness, they are ideal for personal plots with a minimum area, they are particularly decorative during flowering and fruiting. Among this type of pears there are also self-fertile varieties that are worth paying attention to.
This is a columnar self-fertile pear that grows up to 2 m in height, and begins to bear fruit already in the second year after planting a seedling. Refers to the early fall, the fruits begin to ripen in late August. The yield is stable, you can collect 8-10 kg of fruit.
The decor is a large-fruited variety, pears on average have a weight of 230-250g. The peel is smooth beautiful golden color, there is no blush. The pulp is juicy, uniform, white. Fruits are sweet with a delicate dessert flavor. Often used in cooking.
They note such advantages:
- early maturity, fruiting for 2 years;
- frost resistance, freezing is not observed at -30 ° C;
- resistance to moniliosis and kleasterosporiosis;
- compactness, 3 square meters are enough for one tree. m. area;
- does not require cropping.
The disadvantage is the fragility and the need to update every 15-20 years.
This is an autumn large-fruited hybrid. Which pears begin to ripen in mid-September. Productivity is stable within 6-8 kg.
Fruits of a beautiful pear-shaped form, weighing 200-230g. The peel is dense greenish yellow with a slight orange blush. The pulp is dense, moderately juicy, graininess is not felt. Sapphire pears are sweet, have a strong aroma, table setting, suitable for confectionery.
It is well stored for 2-3 months at a temperature of 0-5 ° C. Differs in low maintenance, winter hardiness. Suitable for cultivation in areas of the middle lane.
If you want to grow a pear, but there is no place for planting pollinators in the garden, then self-fertile varieties will be a great option. They will be able to please with a quality crop and tasty fruits.