Characterization and use of raincoat mushroom
The raincoat mushroom grows in city parks, gardens and fields. White mushroom with a spherical cap attracts the attention of children. If you kick him or hit him with a stick, a red cloud flies out from the inside. This type is not only remarkable for its amusing, but also useful properties and excellent taste.
Characterization and use of raincoat mushroom
Previously, this species was attributed to the Champignon family. Now they single out a separate genus, which includes a wide species diversity. A new raincoat family has appeared. All of its representatives are characterized by a round or pear-shaped fruit. This variety of mushrooms is not like the others: it does not have a pronounced hat, but there is a false leg, which smoothly passes into the rounded part.
The pulp from the raincoats is fleshy, dense, depending on age, has a different color. In young specimens, it is white; in adults, it acquires an olive or dark yellow color. The darker the mushroom, the older and less tasty it is.
All varieties of raincoat differ from each other in their place of growth, shape and color. Regardless of the species, they appear at the same time: from mid-summer to the end of October. All varieties are edible and tasty, as long as their flesh is white.
The pear-shaped meadow is edible. It grows mainly along roads and in clearings. Small-sized fruiting body: about 3-4 cm in diameter. The body is narrowed down, snow-white in color. With age, meadow mushrooms darken and acquire an olive color. Their flesh becomes stiff and not edible.
A pearl raincoat, or spiky, grows on a thick stalk and has a spherical surface covered with numerous spikes (needles). This is the reason why it is called spike-like. At the slightest touch, a prickly raincoat drops the thorns. Adult specimens reach a height of 10 cm.
Spiked, or hedgehog, raincoats grow on the forest edges, in forests well-lit by the sun.
Delicious dishes and snacks are made from these mushrooms: they are salted, pickled, boiled.
A brown raincoat, or umber, grows, almost sitting on the ground, because it has no legs. This brown species is small in size: its diameter is no more than 5 cm. From above it is covered with dark brown needles.
It is easy to distinguish this raincoat according to the patterned patterns that form the needles. Often such patterns resemble the shape of a star. Brown mushroom is edible, it is readily used in cooking for the preparation of aromatic and spicy dishes.
This is a huge mushroom, reaching large sizes: 30-40 cm. The giant species has no legs, it has a spherical shape, snow-white color.
The giant raincoat is one of the rarest, so it is difficult to meet it in regions with a temperate climate. A giant raincoat grows on old pastures, meadows or clearings, less often it can be found in deciduous forest.
All mushrooms - raincoat hedgehogs, meadow, giant - have not only excellent taste, but also healing properties.
Use in medicine
Mushrooms have healing properties
The healing properties of the raincoat mushroom are spoken by both traditional healers and representatives of traditional medicine. The pulp of the fruit, which contains many useful components, has a beneficial effect on health.
The healing properties of raincoats are as follows:
- It is an excellent antiseptic and sorbent. It cleanses the body of harmful substances and toxins.
- Folk remedies prepared on its basis (tincture, decoction) help cleanse the liver and intestines.
- It normalizes blood circulation and improves blood composition.
- Absorbs radionuclides, removes them from the body, thereby preventing the development of cancer.
- The pulp has a good wound healing effect, it is applied to fresh wounds to stop bleeding. The raincoat also helps with burns. The pulp is broken in half and applied to the affected area.
- It treats skin diseases. Cooked folk remedies based on fruits contribute to tissue regeneration with boils, urticaria.
- The healing properties of decoctions were appreciated by many patients in the treatment of bronchitis, pneumonia, and even tuberculosis. According to traditional healers, such a decoction is not inferior to chicken broth in the composition of nutrients.
- A giant raincoat is used for the prevention of cancer, because it includes calvacin. Also, a large mushroom cures indigestion: diarrhea, diarrhea, bloating.
- Folk remedies based on fruits normalize blood pressure, the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Take a tincture based on a raincoat for angina pectoris, diseases of the bladder.
- The great use of tincture is noted by many with a breakdown, general malaise. With its regular use, appetite and tone increase, a person feels a surge of energy.
In appearance, the false mushroom raincoat looks like a real one. On the territory of Russia, the most popular species are the common and warty false fungus.
These are inedible, poisonous mushrooms that, when consumed, cause weakness, malaise. If you eat them in large quantities, severe intoxication occurs: allergies (rash, itching or redness), conjunctivitis, runny nose, rarely - nausea and vomiting. These mushrooms do not pose a threat to human life.
Description of this view:
- yellow mushroom, nondescript in appearance, height 12 cm;
- the spherical surface contains a large number of scales, warts and cracks;
- this species has no legs.
This false fungus grows raincoat mainly in dry places: in meadows, along trails, in coniferous and deciduous forests, well-lit by the sun. Range - North Caucasus, Far East, Eastern Europe. The plant bears fruit from July to October.
The color of the fungus changes with age
Tuberous or pear-shaped mushrooms, raincoats from the first species differ in the presence of a small stalk about 1.5 cm long. Sometimes higher specimens with a stalk up to 6-7 cm are also found. These are poisonous mushrooms.
Body color varies from light gray to dark brown depending on age. Old mushrooms have black flesh. The surface is warty.
According to the description, the mushroom has the ability to grow in different climatic conditions. The fruiting period is the end of summer and mid-October.
A warty raincoat grows in gardens, on the edges, next to deciduous trees: birch, oak.
The most popular and effective drug in the treatment of many ailments is the tincture based on the raincoat mushroom.
The ground spore powder is taken in 1 tsp., Washed down with a glass of water. You need to drink medicine once a day, at night. Treatment is carried out for 2 months. The tool helps with poisoning, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
With inflammation of the lymph nodes and sarcoidosis, take the same dose, only 2 times a day until complete recovery.
To prepare the tincture, you will need 500 g of vodka and 100 g of spore powder. The resulting mixture is tightly closed with a lid, placed in a cool dark place for 2 weeks. Then filter and drink 2 tsp. before breakfast, lunch and dinner. Treatment lasts a month with a week break.
This medicine helps with cancer. 200 g of spore powder is poured into 1.5 liters of vodka (moonshine). The mixture is poured into a jar, buried in the ground to a depth of 40 cm. After 3 weeks, they dig out without filtering and filter it and drink it on an empty stomach 15 g 3 times a day.
To get rid of kidney stones, you need to eat bread, sprinkled with spores of a raincoat.
How to collect and procure
For eating, as well as preparing medicinal products, it is worth collecting young mushrooms with white flesh.
Such a product is prepared for the winter in various ways:
- dried in pieces or in whole;
- pickled or salted;
- frozen in a freezer should be sliced; small fruits freeze whole.
In any form, the product does not lose its taste and healthy qualities.
Due to its beneficial properties and excellent taste, the raincoat mushroom is in great demand among consumers. Delicious dishes and snacks are prepared from it, and it is also used for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. If you are going on a quiet hunt for this species, you should familiarize yourself with the features of real mushrooms so as not to confuse them with false species.