Characteristics of Vega potatoes
Potato Vega is an early variety that is always popular among many gardeners. This varietal variety of potatoes is grown both for personal use and for sale. The advantage of this nightshade culture is its versatility in growing. Thanks to all the rules of agricultural technology, even novice growers can grow Vega potatoes.
Characteristics of Vega potatoes
The Vega potato cultivar yields a high yield; according to average indicators, seven to nine large-sized potatoes are harvested from one bush. The tuber is medium in size, its shape is round-oval, the mass is from 85 to 100 g.
Vega is notable for the small size of the bushes, the stems are erect, sometimes semi-erect. The leaves are simple in shape with a dark green tint, the edges are slightly wavy. The bush is characterized by an average degree of leafiness. The flowers are gathered in corollas, have a large size, the shade is white and cream.
Advantages and disadvantages
The characteristics of the Vega variety are distinguished by many qualitative indicators.
This proves that the Vega potato variety has some advantages over other Varietal varieties of potatoes.
Vega seed potatoes have several advantages:
- excellent taste;
- high productivity (from 230 to 375 centners per hectare);
- tubers have a thin peel with a few eyes;
- large fruits not watery dry structure;
- according to average indicators, the starch content is from 10 to 16%;
- simultaneous ripening of tubers;
- the rate of keeping is about 99%;
- the variety is universal for transportation over long distances;
- resistance to various viral diseases, common scab, cancerous growths on the surface of tubers, as well as to tobacco mosaic.
The disadvantages of this vegetable include sensitivity to watering. As with many representatives of nightshade crops, the defeat of the Colorado potato beetle is characteristic of potatoes of this varietal variety.
The Vega potato variety does not require special agricultural skills, as it easily tolerates temperature fluctuations and humidity changes. Experienced growers recommend pre-germinating tubers, and then warm them.
- Choose healthy tubers with a flat surface, without signs of disease.
- Install special shelving structures or containers in a well-lit room, where the air temperature is from 15 to 17 ˚ C.
- Lay potatoes in layers on the prepared place.
- In order for the tubers to germinate evenly, it is necessary to rearrange the boxes from time to time.
The first sprouts appear after 21 days. You should also harden the sprouted tubers, for this you need to periodically carry out a sharp change in temperature conditions (decrease by 6-8 ° C). This method contributes to the activation of the guest eye and is a guarantee of the simultaneous germination of tubers and a high yield.
Qualitative indicators of the yield of Vega potatoes are observed when planting sprouted tubers on light sandy soils. For effective fruiting, you must properly prepare the soil.
Features of the preparation of the site:
- Choose a dry place for planting tubers.
- Loosen the soil.
- Pour a small amount of wood ash and compost substrate into each well.
It is recommended in the middle of September to sow on a site where potatoes, green manure (rye, barley, wheat) will be grown.
The soil needs to be prepared correctly
Such cereal herbs will help enrich the soil with useful trace elements in the process of their own decay. You can also in some cases use ready-made fertilizer solutions for nightshade crops. In autumn, the soil should not be divided into clods. Large-sized soil fractions are better frozen in the winter, and with them, most of the weed seeds will be destroyed.
The characteristic of Vega potatoes implies a mid-early planting of sprouted tubers - the end of April or the beginning of May. At this time, the soil warms up well, which contributes to the further effective growth of tubers.
- Discard tubers without seedlings or with sluggish thin shoots, as well as small potatoes weighing less than 30 g.
- Depth of landing - 10-12 cm.
- Dig holes in increments of 35 to 38 cm.
- The distance between the rows is from 70 to 75 cm.
- Place tubers in the holes and cover with fertile soil.
The growing season of this varietal variety is from 60 to 69 days. According to experienced vegetable growers, there is no need to irrigate after planting tubers.
For the entire growing season, it is recommended to carry out the hilling of bushes at least two times. It is also necessary to ensure that weeds do not spread, for this you need to carry out regular weeding of plants.
Weed control can be done manually. It is also possible to use herbicidal preparations, which are an effective way to kill weeds.
Vega potatoes are very sensitive to watering, so it is recommended to infrequently but abundantly moisten the soil. To get a high yield, moisture should saturate the soil 40-45 cm.
The optimal solution to ensure proper watering is a drip irrigation method. Using this method of moisture, moisture will flow directly to the tubers, which will positively affect yield.
Potato fertilizer should be carried out throughout the growing season, it is recommended to carry out two dressings. At the first top dressing during the development of tops and the formation of tuberous groups, ammonium nitrate or a weak solution of urea is used.
In the second top dressing, potassium sulfate or superphosphate fertilizers are used. Also, after the flowers appeared and before the initial stage of withering tops, mineral fertilizers should be applied. Further fertilizer is not required.
This variety needs treatment from pests. When plants are affected by a Colorado potato beetle, various control methods are used, including mechanical destruction of pests after manual assembly.
Bushes are treated with such solutions:
- chemicals Sonnet, Regent;
- herbal tinctures of celandine and acacia.
Also, some gardeners are dusting bushes. To do this, wood ash is poured into the bucket and with the help of a broom all bushes are sprinkled, even those that do not have Colorado beetles. It is possible to carry out dusting using a regular sieve.
Often tubers can be damaged by wireworms, so when planting, it is recommended to put three to four granules of superphosphate fertilizer into the hole, which are previously sprayed with insecticidal preparations.
As a natural way to prevent damage to nightshade pests, you can sow crops such as alfalfa or mustard. According to reviews of vegetable growers, crop rotation is important, potatoes are planted after root crops. This variety is not recommended to be planted after tomatoes, since both types of nightshade crops are attacked by the same pests.
The description says that potato seed variety Vega is a universal variety of nightshade crops. The vegetable has excellent taste and is used in the preparation of dietary dishes. It is best to store the vegetable in small containers, which hold up to two buckets of potatoes. This method of storage will avoid injury to potatoes, as well as the appearance of infectious processes (wet rot).
Buy planting material should be in specialized agricultural stores. Poor-quality potatoes purchased in the fall may not last until they land on the site.