Characteristics of the variety of peppers Zorka
The variety of pepper Zorka is one of the most popular among sweet varieties. Pepper Zorka is appreciated for its excellent taste and a high level of productivity.
Characteristics of the variety of pepper Zorka
Dawn is an early ripe and mid-sized variety. After 90-95 days, the bush gives the first fruits.
- unpretentiousness to growing conditions;
- simplicity in leaving;
- high level of resistance to disease.
Fruits can be transported over long distances. In the process of transportation do not deteriorate.
Dawn can grow both in open ground and in greenhouses. Vegetable culture is grown both at home and on an industrial scale.
The only drawback of the culture is that it is afraid of severe frosts. If in winter the temperature drops below -20 ° C, the plant is grown only in greenhouses.
The bush is slightly leafy, that is, a small number of sheets are located on it, is semi-spread. In height reaches 45-55 cm.
- medium size;
- saturated dark green color;
- slightly wrinkled.
On one plant there can be 8-9 fruits at a time. That is, with 1 square. m collect about 40 vegetables.
Description of the fetus
The fruits of the variety Dawn are drooping, have a prismatic shape, are smooth.
Other characteristics of the fruit:
- large (weight - up to 130 g);
Color changes as it ripens. At first, peppercorns can be light yellow, closer to the period of technical ripening - bright red.
Fruits are often consumed fresh, but are also used to make vegetable stew, lecho or pies. Stuffed peppers can be prepared from it. Fruits are great for preservation.
Planting Pepper Dawn
Wind-protected areas are suitable for landing. It is important that the plants are not in the shade.
Zorka pepper should not be planted where tomatoes, eggplant and potatoes used to grow: they are affected by the same diseases, pests that can overwinter in the ground and infect new plantings.
Before planting, you do not need to fertilize the soil, especially with nitrogen fertilizers and fresh manure: this can lead to the growth of the plant itself, which will negatively affect the yield of the bush.
Plants need sunlight
It is better to prepare in the fall:
- remove the remnants of previous crops;
- dig a plot of soil where it is planned to plant Zorka;
- to make fertilizers (superphosphate, wood ash, humus).
In the spring, before planting, the ground is only loosened. In open ground planted when frosts pass.
Wells are prepared before planting, 2 liters of water are poured into each. Seedlings are taken from the pots and buried in the holes a little deeper.
Vegetables are planted at a distance of 35-40 cm from each other. The optimal distance between the beds is 60-65 cm.
Watering begins even at the stage of planting in open ground. Seedlings are abundantly watered before being removed from the pots.
The first time after planting is watered every 2 days. It is important not to damage young plants with a strong pressure of water, it is better to perform root watering by the drip irrigation method.
Watering is carried out in the early morning or evening, so that the water is absorbed, and not instantly evaporated.
During the harvest period, water less frequently - once every 5 days. They focus on soil moisture and air temperature.
Loosening and weeding
Loosening and weeding is carried out to remove weeds and enrich the soil with oxygen. Often use a pointed hoe.
Loosening is not carried out in the first 2 weeks after the pepper is planted in the ground, since thin roots can be severely damaged.
Then they are loosened a day after watering or depending on weed overgrowing. During the fruiting period, you can hone each pepper individually.
After planting, pepper Dawn needs to be added nutrients. He is fed 3 times. The first time - 10-12 days after planting in the ground. It is best to use a mixture of slurry (chicken droppings) and mineral fertilizers. Instead of manure (litter), you can add ammonium nitrate.
Recipe for a solution based on manure (litter):
- 10 l of water are diluted with 1 l of chicken manure (or 2 l of manure), 50 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium chloride, 200 g of wood ash;
- let it brew for 1-2 hours;
- 300 ml of solution are taken per 1 bush.
Recipe from ammonium nitrate: 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 50 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium chloride are diluted in 10 l of water. You do not need to insist, you must immediately bring under the root.
The second top dressing is done when the ovary appears. 1 liter of manure diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10 is poured under each bush.
The third time a vegetable crop is fed when the fruits ripen. The recipe is the same as with the first feeding.
Pests and diseases
Dawn is resistant to pests and diseases, but due to improper care, immunity worsens, and the plant becomes very vulnerable.
Too dense landing provokes the appearance of a black leg. The main symptom of the disease is a darkening of the fruit. To save the plant, reduce the amount of watering and treat the bush with the “Barrier” preparation.
- late blight;
- brown spotting;
To prevent their development, it is necessary to observe crop rotation and not to overmoisten the soil. Also, phosphorus and potassium top dressing should be applied on time.
Variety Zorka stands out for its taste and technological qualities. Its high productivity, earlier fruit ripening and unpretentiousness in care attract the attention of farmers.