Characteristics of the variety of peppers Ratunda

According to the description, Ratunda pepper is highly resistant to diseases, has a long shelf life and good yield indicators. The vegetable is similar in color to bell pepper, but differs in shape.

Characteristics of the variety of peppers Ratunda

Grade characteristics

Ratunda pepper variety has good yield. In the first 2 years of life, gardeners recommend picking the fruit unripe (with a characteristic brown hue), allowing them to reach maturity in a warehouse with a moderate temperature.

In order for the seeds to give growth, adhere to a temperature regime within 20 ° C. Ratunda refers to mid-season peppers. From planting to harvesting, it takes about 4 months.

Description of Ratunda Pepper:

  • good yield;
  • demanding seeds for high temperature;
  • long-term storage;
  • slight damage during transportation;
  • low calorific value;
  • high content of nutrients.

A distinctive feature of Ratunda is its unpretentiousness in the choice of neighbors. It can grow unhindered next to bitter varieties, but due to excessive pollination, a hybrid with sharp fruits can be obtained.

Bush description

According to the description, the variety is a short, compact plant, grows in the form of a bush, the height of which can reach 60 cm.

The plant has an elongated, thick stem and elongated leaves of rounded shape. The bush does not need supports, but requires high soil fertility.

Description of the fetus

The fruits of Ratunda are slightly flattened and have an unusual round shape, which slightly resembles a pumpkin. Unripe vegetables have a green color, and fruits that have reached ripeness have a dark red hue.

The walls are rather fleshy, their thickness can reach 8 mm or more. Fruits have a ribbed surface.

The vegetable has a fairly large weight - 150-180 g. In addition to red, yellow and green, there are fruits of pink and purple colors. Gentle and sweet pulp makes them an excellent ingredient for a large number of dishes.

Care

Peppers are planted only seedlings

Cultivation of crops occurs by seedling method. Sowing of seeds begins at the end of February, the soil for this variety should be fertile, absorb and pass moisture well.

Soil and seed preparation

For good seedling growth, a soil supplement is made before planting: manure, land and river sand are mixed. Planting usually begins in early summer, after spring frosts. For disinfection purposes, the seeds are kept in a weak solution of manganese before planting for about 15 minutes.

The seedlings are watered exclusively with heated water and as the soil dries. When the first leaves appear on the processes, they are dived into large-sized pots, but carefully, because the roots of young plants are easy to damage.

To grow Ratunda pepper, one year before planting, they begin to prepare the soil. Up to 10 kg of fertilizer per 1 m². In spring, add 40 g of saltpeter to the surface of the soil. If the plant does not have enough phosphorus, the fetus will slow down in growth and ripen unevenly.

Ratunda is a low-growing variety of bell pepper, therefore, 6 shoots should be planted on 1 m² with an interval of 30 cm and a row spacing of 75 cm.

Growing rules

Harvesting depends on compliance with the basic rules of care:

  • Watering. Irrigation of vegetables is performed only under the root and pre-heated water. In case of lack of water, the plant discards the formed ovaries, with excessive watering it begins to hurt.
  • Mulching the soil. By loosening, you can easily damage the roots located on the soil surface, so they perform mulching. When mulching, the roots of the pepper remain intact, air exchange is maintained in the soil.
  • Garter. To avoid breaking the branches, they are tied.

It is necessary to attract pollinating insects to the site. This should be done during the flowering of the bush by spraying it with a sugar solution. Fertilizing with organic fertilizers also gives an excellent result.

Observance and implementation of all the rules of care will allow you to get a quality crop from the plant.

Disease

The diseases to which Ratunda pepper is affected:

  • Fusarium Sudden changes in temperature and excess moisture can cause Fusarium disease. When this disease is affected, the leaves quickly fade and acquire a light yellow color. Bushes susceptible to the disease cannot be saved - they are removed, and the soil is treated with a mixture of manganese. For the surviving bushes establish a favorable temperature and reduce the amount of watering. Also, for the purpose of prevention, they treat the plant with special preparations.
  • Wet rot. Initially, it is a spot of small size, which subsequently spreads and occupies almost the entire surface of the fetus. Infection occurs through seedlings, soil or water. The vegetable dries the skin, it becomes soft and watery. For prevention, the plant is sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate.
  • Column When this disease is affected, the leaves begin to fade and curl. Growth stops, ripe fruits become concave. Mites and aphids carry the disease. To get rid of the disease, the infected fruits are completely destroyed, and in the future they carry out the disinfection of seedlings and seeds before planting.

Pests

The most dangerous insects are slugs, aphids and wireworms. The first pest is slug. The insect eats leaves and fruits, and also provokes decay. Loosening the soil helps to resist the insect.

The aphid settles on the leaves, as a result of which they twist and fade. She spoils the crop and drinks the juice of the plant. To combat aphids, bushes are treated with a solution of ash and liquid soap.

The wireworm is a larva with a tan color and a solid body. The larva eats roots and causes significant harm to the fruit, can live in the soil for several years. To get rid of the pest, a deep digging of the earth should be carried out, as a result, the wireworm will die from the cold.

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