Characteristics of the variety of peppers Admiral f1
Sweet salad pepper Admiral is a ripening variety. It is suitable for growing both in greenhouses and in the garden. Thanks to these qualities and productivity, it has earned popularity among gardeners living in temperate and cool regions of the country.
Characteristics of the variety of peppers Admiral f1
Admiral f1 is a special variety. It was developed by Siberian scientists for an area that does not differ in high temperature indicators. The variety is early ripe.
Thanks to the indicators, Admiral f1 is perfect not only for regions with severe temperature conditions, but also for other areas of the country
The Bulgarian Admiral f1 has low bushes reaching a maximum length of 0.85 m. The shape looks like small trees. A thick stem, open to half, has many branches with a dense deciduous cover. Due to the low density of branches on the garden, it looks compact.
Thanks to the massive trunk, the bush perfectly withstands the weight of the fruit and does not spread on the ground. This quality makes it possible not to tie up side shoots.
Description of the fetus
Peppers of this variety have large fruits with a pyramidal shape, the mass of which reaches 100 g. In the process of ripening, the fruits are green, in ripe form they turn red. The walls are thick - 5-8 mm. The pulp has a large amount of sugars and various vitamins, so the variety is recommended to be consumed fresh.
Due to the high yields, from 1 sq. Km. m collect up to 7 kg of vegetables in the open and up to 9-10 kg in the greenhouse. The variety has 2-3 nests, in which several ovaries are formed.
Vegetable ripens in 100-110 days after sowing seeds. A big plus is the possibility of long storage at low temperatures.
Caring for plants is easy
The admiral, thanks to his excellent adaptability to the environment, does not need special care, but still he will have to work a little to get a good harvest.
Seeds of this variety have a germination rate of approximately 90%. Before use, it is recommended to check the planting material. To do this, use the following methods:
- Germinate a certain number of seeds, wrapping them with a wet cloth and placing in a dark and warm place. They are tested for germination after 4-6 days. If the result is satisfactory, the seeds can be safely used when planting.
- In 1 liter of boiled water, 40 g of baking soda is stirred and the checked grains are poured there. All this is carefully stirred with a spoon and wait 2 minutes. Grains are divided into 2 parts. Seeds that float to the surface are not suitable for planting due to a lack of nutrient components.
Selected seeds are planted in the ground at 0.5-1 cm in depth. Breeding seedlings begins in late February and lasts until early May. They carefully approach the planting process, because the roots of a young plant are easily damaged. Peat cups are perfect for this. They serve as additional fertilizing for the seedling. Nutrient-rich special mixtures are also used.
An important criterion is compliance with the temperature regime. Young plants feel great at 25-28 ° C.
Before planting seedlings, they take care of preparing the plant for the external environment. For 2 weeks for some time, seedlings are exposed to open air with a gradual increase in time.
The ideal soil for transplanting is where cereals, onions, peas, carrots or cabbage were previously grown. If you plan to grow in a greenhouse, seedlings are planted in May. The distance between the bushes should be at least 60 cm. On the beds, this distance decreases and is approximately 40 cm.
When growing sweet pepper, the Admiral also monitors the level of moisture in the soil. Regular watering makes it possible to harvest a rich harvest. For this purpose, warm, settled water is suitable. In the area with planted pepper, dark containers (metal or plastic) filled with water are placed. During the day, the water settles and warms up well from sunlight.
Watering is done after sunset. At the same time, they monitor the condition of the soil, in no case do not allow it to dry out. The earth is left a little moist.
When growing pepper, do not forget about fertilizer. In the process of growth, the variety is fed several times with nitrogen. Having waited for fruit setting, they additionally add potassium-phosphorus replenishment, do not forget to regularly loosen the soil.
Pests and diseases
Plants do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature
Pepper is susceptible to a variety of pests and diseases. That is why it is worth taking care of preventive actions. For disinfection, the seeds are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate.
You can not plant pepper in the soil where potatoes or tomatoes grew before. Bell pepper Admiral really does not like excessive humidity and sudden changes in temperature. Many diseases of the pepper can take it remaining in the ground after the previous season of plants.
If the plants were attacked by unwanted pests, it is worthwhile to immediately begin to fight them.
This pest is dangerous for pepper bushes. Leaves turn yellow and soon fall. To combat aphids, the plant is treated with wood ash diluted in water (a glass of ash per 10 liters of water). Spraying is done in the morning. Also an excellent option is the use of the drug Karbofos.
A tick is a common pest. Bushes against it are treated with a mixture of garlic, onions and dandelion leaves. You can spray the plant at any stage of development.
Leafless slugs are pests that live on leaf cover. It feeds on both fruits and leaves. Deeper can be seen in rainy weather or in the evening. An effective way to control the substance is metaldehyde. Also, do not forget about the timely removal of weeds from the site.
The bear appears as a result of waterlogging of the soil, destroys the roots of the plant, which subsequently leads to its death. In late spring, beds are loosened: this helps to destroy the parasite larvae. The bear does not tolerate the smell of kerosene and naphthalene - it is with these substances that they process their habitats.
Fusarium and sclerotinia
The plant is affected by a fungus, which is accompanied by abundant shedding of leaves. This is a very dangerous ailment that can take root in the soil for a long time. A plant affected by the disease is immediately removed from the beds, the soil is loosened. At this point, it is not advisable to plant pepper and eggplant for the next season.
Late blight is a disease whose feature is the appearance of black spots on the fruits. It is worth fighting this disease by spraying the plant with the Barrier or Barrier preparation. Do this before the flowering of pepper.
The disease develops due to the large amount of moisture in the soil, affects the roots, which leads to further death of the plant. The insidiousness of this disease lies in the fact that it can appear even during the growing of seedlings. It is worth fighting it by reducing the amount of moisture in the soil by drying it. An effective means of control is the "Barrier", moderately sprayed onto the plant.
You need to regularly examine the pepper bushes in order to prevent the appearance of various diseases or to begin to fight them in the early stages.
Due to its characteristics and excellent taste, Admiral is a popular variety in most gardeners. Due to its resistance to cold, the variety can be grown in regions with difficult climatic conditions.
The right approach to choosing seeds helps to grow a large number of healthy bushes. Proper care, prevention, and the fight against a variety of diseases and pests help to grow a rich harvest.