Characteristics of tomato varieties Moskvich

One of the most juicy, tasty and fruitful varieties of tomato is Tomato Moskvich. This culture does not require special care, quickly adapts to weather changes, resistant to pests. These tomatoes are ripe, the first fruits appear in June. They are not only fragrant and pleasant to taste, but also very useful, since they contain many useful trace elements.

Characteristics of tomato varieties Moskvich

Grade description

Tomato Moskvich has a compact and determinant bush, that is, the plant is stunted. The average height of the bush is about 35 cm, sometimes it can grow up to half a meter. Type - standard, with an average number of leaves. The varieties themselves have small, corrugated, dark green leaves. On the main stem are about seven simple, compact and short inflorescences.

Moskvich tomatoes grow with brushes, each with four to seven pieces. The yield of the variety can be considered very high, since from one square meter you can collect from 10 to 14 kg. tomatoes. Other advantages of this type of tomato are cold tolerance, the versatility of the use of fruits and their early ripening. The fruiting period (from the day the seeds rise to the beginning of the ripening of vegetables) averages 95 days.

Fruit characterization

Moskvich tomatoes have a number of features, due to which they are very popular among gardeners and consumers. Here are the main ones:

  • tomatoes are medium in size, one tomato weighs an average of 70 grams;
  • the plant's adaptability to weather changes makes it easier to care for them;
  • they have a regular round shape, sometimes a little flattened;
  • the skin is smooth, dense, but not stiff; a small rib is observed at the peduncle;
  • at the ripening stage, the fruit is green with a dark spot at the base, ripened tomatoes become saturated red;
  • the pulp is very juicy, fleshy, but not watery, there are not very many seeds;
  • Tomato juice contains about six percent solids and about three percent sugars;
  • to taste the fruits are saturated, sweet with a thin note of sourness.

These tomatoes can be consumed both fresh and pickled, and even those who suffer from allergies. Due to their small size, they are great for seaming. Salads, sauces, dressings can be prepared from tomatoes of this variety, added to hot dishes, soups and borsch, they also make tasty juice. Factories in the food industry buy these tomatoes for processing into tomato products. Reviews about Tomato Moskvich are only the best.

Variety cultivation Moskvich

Tomato Moskvich was bred for cultivation in open ground, but it can also be grown in greenhouses under a film.

The advantage of fruits is that they are well stored. Therefore, they can be transported over long distances. And those vegetables that were plucked unripe can ripen normally in the home environment.

The official description and description states that this variety does not require pinching. From this, caring for a plant is much easier than for many other vegetables. Since these tomatoes are early, it is better to grow them with seedlings. To do this, you will need special soil mixed from turf land and humus. For the best effect, peat can be added to the mixture, this will provide even greater productivity.

Seed planting

If you want to sow the seeds yourself, then first you will need to soak them in a solution that stimulates growth. The most suitable time for sowing is the end of March or the beginning of April. You need to plant the seeds one and a half or two centimeters deep. The distance between them should be up to six centimeters. If you place the seeds next to each other, then the seedlings will touch and prevent the neighbor from growing.

After sowing, the pits are sprinkled with peat and watered. Maintain a temperature for your tomatoes between 23 and 25 ° C. It is this temperature that is needed so that the seeds germinate successfully.

Seedling Care

Seedlings need good lighting

After sprouts appear, degrees can be lowered, and containers with seedlings can be moved to a well-lit place. The following tips will be helpful:

  1. Create a long daylight for young tomatoes, water them with a moderately medium amount of warm, decanted water.
  2. After the first leaves on the seedlings appear, you need to make a pick. This will help the seedlings not to stretch out, and will also enable the root system to strengthen. After this, young plants should be fertilized with complex fertilizing.
  3. The seedlings that you are going to transplant to open beds should be hardened. Just take containers of tomatoes every day for a couple of hours outside.

Due to the fact that tomatoes of this variety are stunted, they can be planted at 6-8 pieces per m². Due to the compactness of Moskvich tomatoes, they are usually bought by gardeners who do not have a very large area of ​​land for planting. These tomatoes can also be grown on balconies and even on window sills.


The picking process is very simple. You need to do it when the first two leaves appear. Stronger seedlings should be placed in separate containers, and weak plants should be removed. For transplanting, it is better to use the same soil in which they grew. Be sure to water the ground before moving the seedlings so that unformed roots are not damaged.

Take several seedlings at once with a heap of land. Then separate each plant and plant in different glasses. The easiest way to use paper cups for this process. You need to place the Moskvich young tomatoes so that they do not break and do not bend the roots. You can manually straighten each spine. After picking, seedlings can be put on the loggia.

Transplant to the ground

Tomatoes should be planted in open ground from late May to early June.

Why at this time: because the earth must warm up. Bushes need to be planted with an interval of 30-40 cm, the distance between the rows should be at least 60 cm. In the first days after planting, it is recommended to cover the seedlings with a film, which should be medium in density. You can remove it when the temperature stabilizes.

Before planting tomatoes, you need to dig a ground well to a depth of 35 cm, and then soil should be fertilized. You need to water the tomatoes strongly, but not often, and only with warm water. It is advisable to water them before planting, so that all the bushes begin. They do not require a garter or formation. For better growth, it is recommended to fertilize them every two weeks with a complex top dressing, which contains phosphorus and potassium.

This variety loves water, so you can not allow the complete drying of the soil. Water the tomatoes every other day. In the rainy season, you can not do this at all. Variety Moskvich can produce fruits even in poor conditions, and yield does not decrease. The fruiting period ends in late August.

Plant care

As the description shows, these tomatoes are not at all whimsical to the conditions of detention, so the process of growing and caring for them is as simple as possible. Since the tomato bushes are low and the stalk is strong, you can not tie them up and not pinch. But there is a tricky way to get the early fruits. To do this, it is enough to remove the lower leaves 1-2 to ensure that sunlight enters the special tomatoes.

You can divide the entire seedlings into two groups: remove stepsons from one part, and leave the second untouched. Thus, you will receive both an early harvest, and a large number of late fruits. Since this variety is disease resistant, you can grow tomatoes without using chemicals. Thanks to this, your crop will be environmentally friendly.

Plant diseases

Another important characteristic is resistance to fungi that attack nightshade crops, they are called late blight. Very often, these mushrooms infect tomatoes in the open.

When growing these tomatoes, you also need to pay attention to the root system in order to avoid root rot. To do this, remove weeds and loosen the soil. Pesticides can be used to control insects, but be sure to familiarize yourself with the chemical description before use.


If you still doubt whether it is worth starting to grow Moskvich tomatoes, then just read again its description and characteristics of these beautiful and mouth-watering tomatoes. Growing this variety will not be any problem, and then you can enjoy delicious and healthy fruits.


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