Characteristics of tomato Dubrava
There are a considerable number of reasons why tomato Dubrava is popular both in Russia and in the territory of the former Soviet republics. And there is nothing to be surprised at, because it can be grown without any difficulties on open ground, and the yield indicators of this variety, also called “Oak”, rightly deserve a very high rating. Many other qualities of these tomatoes are also noteworthy, and therefore this topic should be disclosed in more detail - which will be done later.
Characteristics of tomato Dubrava
The main features of the Dubrava variety
Before proceeding to describe the advantages of the plants in question, it is necessary to list the key characteristics of the Dubrava tomato variety obtained thanks to the efforts of specialists from VNIISSOK, the oldest breeding institution in the Russian Federation. Their list is as follows:
- Dubrava tomatoes have average weight indicators (as a rule, their weight is in the range of 70-110 g);
- the color of the ripe fruits of the plant in question is saturated red with a scarlet hue;
- the shape of the Dubrava variety tomatoes is round, with barely noticeable ribbing;
- slightly corrugated leaves of the presented plants are painted in a light green color, their sizes are small, and outwardly they do not have significant differences from the leaves of other varieties of tomatoes;
- the height of the bushes in most cases does not exceed 80 cm, most often being 45-65 cm (this is explained by the determinism of Dubka, i.e., the limited growth of it).
Continuing the description of Dubrava tomatoes, it is reasonable to mention the universal consistency of their fruits, thanks to which the latter are equally well suited for both processing and fresh consumption. The flesh of such berries is slightly dry, it has a pleasant sweetness, and they themselves are quite hard and have an elastic fleshy wall.
The most noteworthy advantages
A description of Dubrava tomatoes, if you look at the photo, would be incomplete if it did not include a list of the most significant pluses with which they can boast. Based on the reviews of those who have already planted these plants, we can confidently state that the main advantages of Dubrava tomatoes are:
- Based on the video about tomatoes, one can note a rather high yield indicator, which is about 1.8-2.0 kg from one bush - provided that the latter will be located with an average density of up to 5-6 pieces per 1 sq.m.
- Early ripening, due to which Dubrava tomatoes can be harvested, starting from 85-95 days after emergence.
- The compactness of the bushes, which makes it possible to grow such tomatoes not only in the garden, but also at home - for example, on the balcony, loggia or on a wide windowsill.
- Relatively high resistance to late blight and other diseases that most often affect various varieties of tomatoes.
In addition, one can not fail to mention another indisputable advantage of Dubrava tomatoes, which is the ease of care, which does not require significant time costs from the owner of the site. The excellent preservation of these tomatoes during transportation and storage is also noteworthy, which will be appreciated by both sellers of the fruits in question and their customers. The validity of this thesis is confirmed by reviews of tomato Dubrava, whose berries have an excellent appearance even a month and a half after the bookmark.
In the process of growing, seedlings play an important role. Given the fact that Dubrava tomato belongs to those varieties that are recommended to be cultivated in open ground, it is most rational to grow it with seedlings, guided by the following basic recommendations:
- Sowing seeds is reasonable to carry out on the basis of two key factors - the duration of cultivation of the selected culture and the climatic specifics of the region. So, gardeners living in the middle zone of the Russian Federation make sense to sow the seeds of Dubrava at the very end of March.
- In order to avoid stagnation of moisture, it is necessary to make sure in advance that there are drainage holes in each container intended for seedlings. It is also worth adding that in the cultivation of tomatoes of the Dubrava variety, it is best to use the soil for vegetable crops, as in it, seedlings feel most comfortable.
- Before you start planting the seeds of the tomato in the soil, they should be pickled in a 2% solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate).
- During the entire period of growing seedlings of Dubrava tomato seedlings, it is necessary to maintain approximately the same level of soil moisture. This means that in containers with seedlings there should be no stagnation of water, as well as complete drying of the earthen coma.
If seedlings are not able to "boast" of the high pace of their development, then its growth can be significantly accelerated. All that is required is complex fertilizers designed for a wide variety of vegetable crops. Well, then, after 40-50 days of growing seedlings, you can begin to harden it, suggesting that the daytime temperature is maintained at 17-18 ° C, and the night temperature is 5 ° C lower.
Maintain a constant humidity in the seedling box
As for seed germination, this characteristic of Dubrava tomato can please the vast majority of gardeners. Based on numerous reviews and the results of studies, it can be argued that in the worst case, this indicator does not fall below the 87% mark.
Planting young tomatoes in a permanent place
Practice shows that Dubrava tomato grows excellently on beds previously occupied by cucumbers, cabbage, onions, zucchini, carrots and various herbs - primarily parsley and dill. Of course, planted tomatoes of this variety will be pleased with high yields, provided that the space allocated for them does not suffer from a lack of lighting. Do not forget about the soil, which should have the following qualities:
- high air and water permeability.
After making sure that the above conditions are met, you can safely plant Dubrava tomato in the place prepared for it. It should also be noted that the characteristic of such a moment should include the following:
- the age of young bushes is about 2 months;
- the probability of spring frost is reduced to zero.
If you list the basic rules for such a transplant, then their list will look like this:
- Before starting the procedure in question, the dug holes should be thoroughly moistened using clean water with the addition of several crystals of potassium permanganate;
- the optimal diameter of the holes for planting is 30 cm;
- recommended landing depth - 12 cm;
- plant roots can be placed not only evenly, but also at an angle;
- planting scheme of Dubrava tomatoes - 40x60 cm (shorter intervals are acceptable, but not particularly desirable, since they can lead to a decrease in yield).
During the crescent from the moment of transplantation, it is necessary to carefully monitor that the plants do not suffer from a lack of moisture. It is also worth adding that the Dubrava tomato variety, no matter how unpretentious it is, negatively refers to direct sunlight during the mentioned time period.
After the tomatoes of this variety have finally taken root in a new place and started active growth, they should form. Based on reviews of Dubrava tomatoes regarding this moment, we can conclude that this procedure is most rational to carry out in 2-3 stems. In general, caring for planted bushes is not intricate: it is enough to periodically loosen the soil, get rid of weeds and water the plants with warm water.
At the same time, it is not necessary to tie the Dubrava tomato to the supports, as well as to remove its stepsons.
Fertilizers are another matter. They should be made 1 time in 15-20 days, mixing the following components in a bucket with settled water:
- wood ash (250 g);
- superphosphate (50 g);
- manure (1/5 of the total).
In addition, to accelerate growth, it makes sense to use top dressing based on nitrogen compounds.
If the bushes of tomato varieties Dubrava look unhealthy, then this may be a manifestation of a lack of minerals, namely:
- yellowness and spotting most often indicate a lack of zinc;
- the appearance of reddish veins on the leaves of plants indicates a nitrogen deficiency;
- the combination of a yellow hue with a white tint allows us to conclude that there is a lack of iron, etc.
In some cases, the cause of the inhibited state of tomatoes may be due to the activity of pathogenic microflora (for example, Phytophthora fungi) or pests. The solution to such problems is the appropriate pesticides, and the choice of a particular drug is determined by the specifics of the situation.