Characteristics of Russian Beauty pears
Sweet pear Russian beauty has another name - Beauty Chernenko. This autumn pear has earned its popularity due to the ease of care and the unique taste of the fruit.
Characteristics of Russian Beauty pears
Pear Russian beauty has a good characteristic. Harvest can be stored a month and a half. The pear variety Russian Beauty (Chernenko) can be grown for industrial use. Juices and preserves are made from the fruits of this tree, and they are also used in winemaking.
The description shows that the tree is medium-sized, reaches a height of 5 meters. The trunk volume is 2.5 meters. Branches grow upward. The shoots are medium sized and have a pile on them. After planting a seedling, you will have to wait for the fruits of 8 years. Leaves of small size and elongated shape with small notches. The color of the leaf is light green. Flowers that grow with large white petals. The winter season does not scare this variety, as it is resistant to cold.
The fruits are very large. The weight of the fetus is an average of 150-200 g. Externally, the pear Beauty Chernenko is similar to the fruits of the varieties Lyubimitsa Yakovleva and Northern Moscow, but only of an elongated shape. The peel is medium in density and thickness. Color changes with a degree of maturity. When removable maturity comes, the fruit is green and with a little blush. During consumer maturity, the fruit turns green-yellow with a clear and large blush.
Taste qualities of the variety:
- sweet and sour taste
- juicy, soft, white flesh.
Fruits can be consumed both fresh and processed.
The fruits are big. The weight of the fetus is on average 150-200 g
We will analyze the basic requirements for caring for a crop.
Soil preparation and planting
According to the description, the autumn season is the best time to plant this variety. Before deepening the seedling, you need to prepare the soil of high quality. The site must be dug up the whole, in the process weed, residues from other plants and any garbage. After, you need to prepare a landing pit. It is recommended to fertilize it with mineral fertilizers (two glasses of mineral fertilizer per 1 liter of water). Now you can begin to plant the seedling. It is necessary to plant so that the upper part of the root peeks out from under the ground. When a tree has been planted, almost all leaves should be cut. After you need to water the soil so that it becomes wet.
Care after landing
Leaving after landing is the longest stage. The tree requires weekly watering. The amount of water needed for irrigation increases with the growth of the tree. You need to fertilize the plant. The plant should be fed 3 times a month. As a fertilizer, it is recommended to use mullein or urea (25 grams of mullein or urea per 1 liter of water). At the beginning of spring, leaf pruning should be carried out, which will attract pollinators.
Diseases and Pests
Consider the main diseases and ways to combat them.
- Scab pears. The disease appears due to spores of the fungus. The disease causes the appearance of bright spots on the leaves. Holes appear on the fetus in which suppuration occurs. In the treatment of the disease, water with the addition of fugicides will help (20 grams of fungicide per 1 liter of water). With this solution you need to spray the plant.
- Fruit rot. The disease appears due to spores of the fungus Monillosis. This disease causes a loss of taste in the fruit, they become covered with fungal growths and fall off. For treatment, you need to remove the diseased fruits and treat the tree with a solution of milk of lime and water (100 g. Of milk of lime per 1 liter of water).
- Sooty fungus. The disease causes blackening of the leaves. This is a fungal disease. Calypso insecticide will best cope with this disease.
- Black pear cancer. This disease affects the plant stem itself. Dark spots appear on it, and it cracks leaving holes. Formed holes rot. To cure a tree of black cancer, you need to remove the infected parts of the bark and treat the cracks with copper sulfate. The crack should be covered with a mixture of clay and mullein.
- Cytosporosis. Cytosporosis appears due to the cytospore fungus. The bark is covered with brown ulcers at the lesion sites. Usually, the disease appears if a sunburn or a sudden drop in temperature has been made. For treatment, it is necessary to cut off the diseased part of the cortex, treat the incision with copper sulfate and seal it with clay and mullein.
It is important to identify the first symptoms of the disease in order to make a diagnosis and begin treatment. It is recommended to inspect all the plants in the area to notice any manifestations of the disease.
If the disease has managed to spread greatly, and the plant has been damaged enough, it is necessary to get rid of the plant.
It is important to identify the first symptoms of the disease in order to make a diagnosis and begin treatment.
The appearance of harmful insects is a natural phenomenon since plants are their food and a place for laying eggs. List of possible tree pests of this variety:
- Sheet gall midge. Leaf gall midge is a winged insect that looks like a very small mosquito. This insect can fly over fairly long distances. The danger itself is caused by their breeding stage, because it is precisely the larvae of the leaf gall midge that harm the plant. These larvae eat leaves of a tree. As a result, the leaves crumble, turn yellow, become lethargic. To combat them, you need to spray the tree with insecticides.
- The copper tree. Thoroughbred is a winged insect of yellow color and small size. Outwardly resembles a grasshopper. This parasite lays its eggs on the buds of a plant. Larvae appear along with budding. Larvae eat open buds. Their activity spoils the fruits, because of them the leaves fall, and the development of the kidneys stops. Hatchery larvae need to be removed with insecticides.
- Fruit gall midge. An insect that looks like a big mosquito in appearance. She leaves her larvae in the soil. The activity of their larvae spoils the fruit, leaves growths. It is best to use insecticides to eliminate this pest.
- Moth Codling moth - an insect that looks like a butterfly, dark gray with dark spots. This parasite lays its eggs in the upper layers of the soil. Caterpillars that emerge from eggs penetrate the fruits and feed on them. To defeat this pest, you need to dig the soil near the tree and treat all with insecticides.
- Gall tick Gall tick - a tick of very small sizes and red. He eats leaves, lays eggs in the kidneys. After it, the leaves acquire brown ulcers and fall off. The recommended solution for fighting is a solution of colloidal sulfur and water (a tablespoon of colloidal sulfur in 1 liter of water).
Pests can spread to neighboring plants. If they are found on a tree, inspect the nearby planting.
Insects breed rapidly. It is important to notice and begin to fight from the moment they appear.
Pear variety Russian beauty is the focus of many gardeners, both experienced and beginners. Consumers will appreciate the high palatability and versatility of the preparation.