Characteristics of the Pride of Russia variety pepper

Pepper The pride of Russia is one of the most fruitful sweet varieties. He perfectly retains his qualities for a long time after collection. A detailed description of the variety will be considered in the article.

Characteristics of the Pride of Russia variety pepper

Grade characteristics

Early ripening grade. Fruiting begins approximately 100-104 days after germination. With quality care, you can harvest high quality crops until mid-October. And its volumes will pleasantly surprise you:

  1. In greenhouse conditions, up to 15 kg per 1 square. m;
  2. In the open area, 8-9kg with apt. m

Also, the Pride of Russia is resistant to many diseases. has reliable immunity.

Bush description

The bush is quite compact, does not grow above 50 cm. On one bush there can be up to 20 fruits. Their average weight is about 150g. Although this culture is thermophilic, with a strong abundance of high temperatures, foliage and ovary flowering can begin to fall.

Description of the fetus

Depending on the degree of maturity, the fetus changes its color throughout the entire growth period. From the initial light green to saturated red during the ripening period. The pulp of the fetus is quite thick, can reach 7mm. Thanks to this, the fruit is quite juicy, stores a lot of vitamins. The shape resembles a narrow elongated prism. Pepper of Russia is ideal for both processing and fresh consumption.

Care

This variety can be grown in open ground and in a greenhouse. The greenhouse needs to be constantly aired, and in the hot summer it is worth keeping it open all the time.

Seedlings

Before planting pepper, you need to prepare seedlings. It is recommended to do this 60 days before the landing (late February-early March).

The optimum temperature for seed germination will be 25-28 degrees at medium humidity. To do this, wrap the seeds in a damp cloth and lay on a saucer, covering it with polyethylene, but leaving a little air so that there is no puddle. After a couple of days, when the sprouts appear, it is worth planting the seeds in the soil mixture in a small container with a distance of 2 cm between each seed. Or in separate cups or molds without a pick. Important conditions for further germination are:

  • good illumination about 10 hours a day;
  • watering at room temperature.

The appearance of the first buds will indicate the willingness of seedlings to transplant to the site.

The soil

Keep your distance when landing

For planting in the spring, it is worth preparing the soil in the fall, digging it up adding organic fertilizers. Plant seedlings in small holes so that for 1Q. m accounted for 5-7 bushes.

Watering

A week should be watered 3-4 times in the morning or in the evening, depending on external weather conditions. The main condition is careful watering under the root so that the plant does not lose resistance and does not break.

Loosening

Loosen the soil so that it does not become crusty. It will also prevent the appearance of weeds that interfere with the normal growth of pepper. To carry out loosening is not more than a couple of times a week. It is necessary to loosen very carefully so as not to touch the foliage and the trunk.

Top dressing

It is worth starting from the period of the appearance of the ovary and before the formation of the fruit. One or two top dressings per month will be enough for the pride of Russia. It is preferable to make mineral and organic fertilizers. Pour them under the bush so as not to touch the leaves, so that the roots receive all the necessary substances.

Diseases and Pests

The most effective ways to prevent disease:

  1. Choose seeds for planting only healthy plants.
  2. Before sowing, the seeds should be kept in a potassium permanganate solution for 20 minutes and then rinsed thoroughly - this will provide an antibacterial effect.
  3. Do not plant seedlings in the place where potatoes and tomatoes grew.

Disease

With untimely care, diseases can overcome the plant. The most common diseases and their treatment:

  1. Fusarium pepper is a fungal disease. Sick plant should be removed from the beds and loosen the ground. Watering should be reduced.
  2. Blight-dark spots on the fruit. Chemical treatment.
  3. The black leg is rotting the root due to excess moisture. It is necessary to loosen the earth around the plant and sprinkle with wood ash. Also adjust the frequency of watering.
  4. Bronze pepper (or spotted wilting) is a foliage disease in which the color changes to bronze to dark purple. It is immediately necessary to chemically process and collect the fruits. Watering stop.
  5. Apex rot - the fruit rots right during growth. This is due to a lack of moisture. You can spray with calcium nitrate and water the plant abundantly.

Pests

  1. From aphids, use an aqueous solution of ash or tobacco dust.
  2. Sprinkle the soil 3 times a day against quicklime with quicklime.
  3. The most common pest is the Colorado potato beetle. It is best to deal with them using chemical sprays.
  4. From the bear, you can use naphthalene or kerosene, scaring away their smell.
  5. In the fight against whiteflies, you can simply water the foliage in order to wash off the insect, and then loosen the soil and fill it with peat or humus in a 2 cm layer.

Conclusion

Pepper The pride of Russia is often chosen by gardeners for growing, as the variety is characterized by early maturity and unpretentiousness in the care.

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