Characteristics of the potato variety Luck
The most sought-after vegetable, which no housewife can do without, is potato. There are dozens of varieties that differ from each other in terms of ripening, taste, shape and color of tubers. But varieties that are suitable for growing in different climatic conditions and at the same time do not lose their taste characteristics are especially popular among gardeners. One of these varieties is Luck potato. Description of the bush and characteristics of the potato cultivar Luck will help to choose the cultivation of this particular vegetable crop.
Characteristics of the potato variety Luck
Feature and Features
Potato variety Good luck belongs to the table varieties and has some features.
- It has an early ripening period.
- It tolerates drought and heat.
- The variety is very productive, product collection easily reaches 50t / ha.
- One bush carries up to 20 tubers, and the weight of one tuber can be up to 150g.
From planting tubers to soil and before harvesting, no more than 90 days pass. Even if you start harvesting tubers 1.5 months after planting, you can get early potatoes - 20t / ha.
The bush grows to 50 cm, its shape is spreading, while it consists of 6 to 8 stems. All stems are densely leafy. Leaf shape is easily dissected, potato type. The color of the sheet plate is saturated, dark green.
Flowering bush is very plentiful. Its flowers are white in color, of a simple form common to nightshade cultures. They are collected in loose brushes. After pollination, few berries are tied with seeds. Seeds are used by breeders as planting material when creating new varieties.
Potato Luck has a number of advantages.
- Tubers begin to sprout at 10 ° C.
- With long-term storage, the presentation and taste are preserved.
- The potato is resistant to damage and is suitable for the mechanical harvesting method.
- The plant is immune to most nightshade viruses.
- This potato does not lose its shape and taste during any heat treatment.
The ability to tolerate weather extremes makes it possible to plant tubers in April in the central regions. And in the northern part of the country, landing dates are shifted to mid-May.
Under optimal wintering conditions, tubers are stored until a new crop. The temperature should not be such that they germinate.
Potato Luck is immune to the following diseases:
- wrinkled mosaic;
- cancer of nightshade crops.
A viral infection of the plant is extremely rare. Based on consumer reviews, we can say that this potato variety belongs to the most delicious varieties. It is ideal for frying, baking and mashed potatoes.
Variety has few flaws
Compared to the number of pluses, this potato has only a few drawbacks.
- When planting, you need to ensure that there is no thickening of plants.
- It is recommended to plant planting material at a soil temperature of at least 15 ° C.
- The bush can be affected by late blight of stems and leaves, alternariosis and golden nematode.
If the stems of the bush do not have freedom of growth, then they will be thin, which will significantly affect the crop.
At low temperatures, the root system develops poorly. This becomes the reason that few tubers are tied. Consequently, either the harvest will be less, or the maturity of potatoes will stretch over time.
How to prepare for planting potatoes
Before planting potatoes, you need to make sure that the soil is properly prepared. Sometimes you can conduct a chemical analysis of the soil and determine the presence of useful trace elements in it. But, growing vegetables on a personal plot, the owner should know when organic fertilizers and other substances were previously applied. With the right calculation, he will be able to add and add to the soil, preparations that are not enough for the full growth of plants.
It is necessary to check the quality of seed potatoes, the presence of sprouts on tubers. It will also be important to sort the planting material according to the size of the tubers. This is necessary in order to plant smaller potatoes not as deep as large ones.
The main rule for growing potatoes is crop rotation. In areas where other nightshade crops were grown, potatoes should not be planted for 4 years. The best predecessors for it will be legumes, which accumulate nitrogen in the region of rhizomes. It is necessary for all, without exception, plants for growth.
The soil is prepared in the fall, digging deeply, but before that you need to make up to 40 buckets of humus per 1 hundred parts. Then it will be soft and the potatoes will be able to form tubers freely. Before planting potatoes, the soil must be treated with urea: 1 kg per 10 m².
The preparation of seed potatoes consists of several points.
- Tubers are not large, not damaged by rot.
- Put them on germination a month before planting.
- The temperature should be at least 18 ° C.
For planting on sites selected tubers weighing no more than 80g, healthy, in appearance. But Luck potatoes grow very large, so they are cut into pieces before planting. Cuts are made along the tuber with a sterile knife, trying not to damage the stubborn sprouts.
If there are at least 4 eyes on each dividend, then this will be enough to form a bush. Slices must be dusted with wood ash or give them time to dry.
After that, the dividers are placed in boxes with a thin layer and put to germinate. When they put the boxes in the light, the tubers will accumulate solanine, which will help them fight pests. Sometimes, in order to form roots faster, tubers are laid in boxes on the ground.
Tubers spread with eyes up
Variety characteristics and reviews of experienced gardeners recommend that plants be planted on ridges on clay soils. To form the ridges so that their height is at least 20 cm, and the distance between them is about 80 cm. So it will be better to warm up the roots and improve access to moisture, in case of watering.
In regions where black soil prevails, growing on ridges is not relevant. The site can be pre-arranged in rows, the distance between which should be no more than 70cm. The optimal distance between the bushes is 25cm.
According to the marking, they dig out holes with a depth of about 8 cm. In each of them you can add a handful of rotted mullein mixed with ash. Tubers are laid on them, eyes up and carefully covered with earth, trying not to break off fragile sprouts.
If the gardener decides to grow potatoes Luck, then the description of the care of planting will help to organize the work correctly. Caring for plants is not difficult.
- Mandatory are weed removal and soil loosening.
- Huddle bushes need to grow.
- Planting can be fertilized up to 3 times during the growing season.
- It is necessary to deal with pests constantly, as well as carry out disease prevention.
After emergence, carry out weeding, destroying weeds. Do it carefully, trying not to damage the ground part of the plant, and not exposing the root system.
When the bush reaches a height of 20cm, it can be spud. Before this, ammonium nitrate is scattered in the area of the stems per 0.5 kg per 10 m² of area. When hilling, fertilizers will fall into the soil, where they dissolve under the action of moisture. When there are dry periods, planting is watered, while making sure that the soil near the bushes does not erode.
Other drugs used to fertilize potatoes are potassium sulfate, superphosphate and dolomite flour. In their mixture: 20g of potassium sulfate, plus 30g of superphosphate, plus 500g of dolomite flour, 20g of ammonium nitrate can be added. These components are added to 10 kg of humus, thoroughly mixed and scattered near the bushes during the second hilling. Between dressings usually takes about 10 days.
If the site on which the Luck variety is grown is not very large, then you can manually collect the Colorado potato beetle and destroy its eggs. In large areas, traditional methods are used to combat this pest or sprayed bushes with chemicals.
An interesting method is the dusting of bushes with corn flour or gypsum. Once in the stomachs of beetles and larvae, the flour swells, and the gypsum cements. This leads to their death.
To scare away bugs and at the same time additionally fertilize plants, you can use urea. 100g of urea are added to 10l of water and the bushes are sprayed.
Of the chemicals used to control potato pests, we can recommend Prestige, which is used to process tubers before planting. Stems of plants and leaves are sprayed with the insecticides Commander, Confidor and Tanrek. They are not washed off by rains and are long-term, in terms of their impact on pests and their larvae.
Potato Luck is processed from late blight of the aboveground mass of the plant, Fitosporin. To prevent the spread of wrinkled mosaics, mineral oil Sansprey 11 E. is used.
Virus carriers are considered small insects, especially aphids. By spraying plantings with insecticides and destroying aphids, gardeners will eliminate the slightest possibility of viruses entering their area from neighboring gardens that may be infected.
Gardeners, before they put their favorite potato dishes on the kitchen table, need to grow it. Observing the rules of agricultural technology and plant care, you will get an early harvest.
Variety Fortune will delight you with large tubers, which can be cooked with herbs and sour cream at a time when other varieties of potatoes only increase their green mass. The good preservation of the tubers and the taste that does not get lost over time will make it possible to enjoy your favorite dishes in any months of the year.