Characteristics of the potato cultivator Sorcerer
Engaged in the cultivation of potatoes in various regions, gardeners identified the best zoned vegetables. Among them are: early, middle and late ripening varieties. Each species has many advantages and can be grown not only by experienced potato growers, but also by potato lovers. Among the mid-early varieties can be distinguished potato Wizard. It is cultivated in the Far East, in the Middle Volga, Northwest, Volga-Vyatka, North Caucasus and Central Black Earth regions, both on the fields of farms and in private gardens.
Characteristics of the potato cultivator Sorcerer
Mid-season variety can be grown for consumption in a young form. Then an intermediate crop can be harvested 2.5 months after emergence.
Advantages of the Potato Wizard
When describing potato cultivators of the Charodey variety, it should be noted first of all that it is immune to the causative agent of potato cancer, late blight on stems and tubers, and is not affected by other viruses that can destroy plants of nightshade crops.
Some species that have large tubers like the Enchantress potato are damaged by rot and voids inside the fruit. The variety of our potatoes The Wizard maintains integrity, both during harvesting and during long-term storage.
- From germination to tubers of technical maturity, 90 days pass.
- Potatoes are distinguished by high productivity.
- Suitable for many types of cooking.
- The plant is resistant to mechanical damage.
- The Sorcerer variety tolerates transportation well.
- It is unpretentious to the composition of the soil and weather conditions.
The characterization and description of the Enchantress potato will be incomplete without mentioning the minor flaws of this tuber. When growing such a vegetable, some problems may arise.
- Potato is damaged by some pests.
- If the tubers are not harvested for a long time, then you can lose part of the crop.
But, fulfilling all the requirements on time, it is easy to collect quality products even for inexperienced gardeners.
Bushes reach a height of more than 60 cm and grow sprawling plants. Most often consist of 6 stems. Ribbed stems of emerald color. In the lower part, yellowness of shoots can be observed. The bush has a good crown, but near the ground the leaves may partially fall. They are of potato type, about 15 cm long. The leaf plate is bright green; it has no waviness along the edge. The veins are well defined, especially in the center.
When you look at potatoes during the flowering period, you understand why it was grown as an ornamental plant in the first years of its appearance in Europe. Beautiful large snow-white flowers are collected in apical inflorescences. Petals at the base sometimes grow together to form an elegant bowl. The stamens are bright orange in color, the pistil protrudes approximately 0.5 cm above the truncated cone of the stamens.
Flowers are pollinated before they open. For seed propagation, they are pollinated artificially, removing anthers on the mother flower and transferring pollen from the paternal plant to the stigma of the pestle. But this variety, when grown, propagates by tubers. Even potato hybrids retain their species features when planting tubers of any generation.
Fruits are ideal for making mashed potatoes.
Potato root crops are oval, rounded at the poles. The peel is smooth yellow. In small depressions are small eyes of a dull white hue. The mass of potatoes fluctuates at a level of 100g. The smallest weigh about 70g, while the largest weigh more than 120g.
The pulp of the tubers is dense, white, with a section, a starchy coating is visible. The starch content in the tubers is slightly higher than normal and is 15%. Therefore, they are well boiled and do not need much time to cook. Soups and mashed potatoes are very tasty. .
The composition of the soil for planting tubers
Good yields are obtained on sandy loam soils, cultivated soddy soil and loam. When vegetables are cultivated, the potato cultivar Charodey whose characteristic allows cultivating it on different soils grows better in fertilized areas. For top dressing choose:
- potassium salts;
- urea or ammonium nitrate;
Usually prepare a plot for potatoes in the fall. 1 kg of saltpeter, 0.7 kg of phosphates and 1.2 kg of potash fertilizers are added per 1 acre. At least 200 kg of rotted manure is also placed on the soil surface. After feeding, the site is dug up to a depth of 20 cm.
Another fertilizer method is to sow green manure. When applied, other organics can be excluded. Sidereal cultures are:
- winter rye;
- yellow and narrow lupine;
- oil radish;
- white mustard;
- fodder peas.
After the crop was harvested from the plot, it is sown with green manure seeds. When the plants reach 25cm, shovel or chopper close up the greens in the ground.
The yield characteristic of this plant says that the Potato Wizard is able to produce 2 crops per season. A month before planting, the tubers are germinated and planted at a temperature of at least 15 ° C, exposing the boxes to the light. When exposed to light, the potatoes turn green, and solanine forms in the pulp. This is a poison that protects plants from pests the first time after planting.
When the eyes grow to 4cm, the tubers are planted. Before this, it is advisable to treat them with the Prestige from the Colorado potato beetle.
Prepared soil should be laid out in rows, at a distance of 60cm from one another. And you can just keep a distance in the process of planting. Ridges or rows orient from north to south. Between the holes leave 30cm.
A handful of onion husks and ash is placed in each landing pit. Carefully deepen the tubers and sprinkle them with soil.
Potato sorcerers do not require any special care. The requirements are the same as when growing other types of tuber:
- Timely earthing up of tops.
- Weeding and loosening the soil.
- Watering plants at least 4 times.
- Fertilizer planting.
- Pest and disease control.
The first time sprouts shoots, protecting them from sudden frosts.
The second hilling can be combined with fertilizing plants if it rains. A complex mineral fertilizer is applied according to the recipe, which is available on the package, in the near-trunk area of the bushes. After that they sprinkle the tops.
When dry summers fall, then top dressing is combined with watering potatoes. You can dilute the fertilizer with water and water the aisles. For feeding, fresh mullein or bird droppings are also used. Organics are introduced into a large container and diluted with water 1: 1. Leave for fermentation for 2 weeks. Then again, water is added 1:10 and the area is watered.
When a raid Colorado potato beetle appears on young bushes, it is collected manually. In this case, you can break off the leaves on which the adults laid eggs. Of course, you cannot collect and destroy everything. Therefore, with the mass appearance of larvae, plantings are treated with broad-acting insecticides.
Processing not only destroys larvae, but also has a detrimental effect on aphids and cicadas. They carry viruses, so after the use of pesticides, we can protect plants from various viruses. Apply Antizhuk, Aktaru, Ratibor, Coragen and other drugs.
So that delicious and nutritious first and second courses do not leave the kitchen table, you need to do potato cultivation in their areas. Potato Wizard is perfect for this. Not only can all gardeners grow it, but with proper care you can get a lot of environmentally friendly products. If there is a surplus of it, then they are well suited for sale because early vegetables are always in great demand by consumers.