Characteristics of pigs breed Large White
At the moment, the Large White breed of pigs is in demand around the globe. This species is quite common because of its excellent adaptability to harsh living conditions, both climatic and fodder.
Description of the pig breed Large White
In the 19th century a particularly large and hardy breed of pigs was bred on Foggy Albion, and by the end of the century there was a threat of degeneration of Yorkshire pigs. That is why all the professional farms came together and created some special characteristics of the pigs of the Krupnaya Belaya breed and agreed that they would not breed this species with other breeds for the sake of preserving the purity of the blood. So there was a pure Large White breed.
In our countries, the Large White pig appeared in the last century (in the 80s). About 80% of the livestock falls on these representatives. More good species have been bred, thanks to the active participation of this subspecies of farmed artiodactyls.
The breed of White Large pigs has changed quite a bit during the breeding in our territories compared to the English animals that were originally. The new selection is distinguished by a fairly strong build, excellent fecundity and adaptation to life in regions with special conditions, in any climate.
The large White breed of pigs primarily refers to the lard-meat direction. The head of its representatives is light, the constitution is harmonious and balanced, the mouth and snout are small, of the correct form, the patch from the profile is slightly concave. The ears are elastic, wide, small in thickness, but large in size. The body is long, wide dorsal region, chest area and loin are large, well muscled. The back is arched, a very strong spine. The legs of such a pig are short and without large folds, with hooves of the correct shape.
Farmers or owners of small private farms can hardly distinguish a purebred white pig from a Ukrainian fat-meat pig or from an Estonian one, because outwardly they can find much in common. Of the differences noted the large weight and height of the English pig. Her body reaches a length of 2 m.
Pros and cons of breeding
The described breed is often called the optimal choice in order to cross them in order to create species with excellent properties. In addition, the advantages include:
- excellent fertility;
- rapid entry into the age of slaughter and reproduction;
- weight gain, food indiscretion.
English animals show a stable tendency to obesity if there is a large amount of cereals in the diet. Also, they do not favor severe frosts, but at the same time, productivity will fall under strong rays of the sun.
How to make a choice
Any farmer can easily purchase a White pig livestock on the ordinary agricultural market as well as on private farms. For starters, you should pay attention to strong piglets. An absolutely healthy animal will run away with a squeal on the hand extended to it.
Also, a normal pig is distinguished by a constant desire to eat something, mobility, activity and good sound data. It is worth knowing that by his 2 months the white breed of pigs must show a weight of at least 20 kg. Thanks to the above facts, it is easy to distinguish a healthy pig from a weak one. Such a baby weighs a little, does not react to touch.
Breeding pigs breed Large White
When buying a large number of pigs, one must be vigilant, because sometimes sellers can specially slip a few frail ones into the party. In no case should you spare the time to review each piglet. Before buying, you must definitely ask what feed the pigs ate from birth, what vitamins they took, what probiotics were given, how often they ate.
You need to get answers to each of these questions, because if you suddenly change the everyday life of a pig, it will refuse food, as a result of which it will lose weight and, possibly, growth.
The correct content of a large pig
The large White pig is quite thermophilic and does not tolerate any sharp cooling. Before populating this species in the pigsty, it needs to be insulated. An ideal option would be a concrete screed insulated with polystyrene foam, because then the animals will not be able to damage anything and there will not be sudden changes in temperature. Straw, sawdust or a platform made of wood will not allow pigs to cool down even in the coldest weather. The top of the barn is usually insulated with fresh straw, placing it either under the roof or on the attic floor.
With stable, even slight hypothermia, pigs can get pneumonia, which most often ends with the death of animals. This should be taken seriously and be able to identify the first symptoms of the disease: missing activity, lethargy and lack of appetite, increased lacrimation, rapid breathing, angry wheezing or coughing, fever.
Large Pig Care
Any of the above symptom is worth the attention of a breeder, especially when it comes to small pigs. If for individuals older than six months, the last stage of inflammation is fatal, then babies can die at an early stage.
A good outcome of any disease entirely depends on the skillful help of a specialist. If it is problematic to call a veterinarian at home, then you need to try to neutralize the heat in the pig yourself. To do this, it will be enough to use preparations from a home veterinary medicine cabinet or ordinary paracetamol with the effect of a painkiller, which will perfectly remove the heat and calm the animal. But here it is worth monitoring the dosage, because taking more than 1 g at a time (with a weight of 40 kg) can do much harm. Pills should be crushed and added to water, and not to food, because a sick animal often has no appetite.
Do not limit yourself to first aid, a sick individual must be shown to a doctor.
Animals of this kind are more in need of good proteins and amino acids than others. When piglets get older, they need high-quality food, because to get appetizing meat, some cereals can not do. A normal grain diet affects weight gain, but not meat. On a grain or ordinary feed, the pig will be fattening and gaining a greasy layer. In the feed, add special flour from the grass, silage, herbs, plants. Vitamins are also indispensable.
Care of piglets begins from the first minutes of life, the primary task is to trim and properly process its umbilical cord. The body of each baby must be wiped with a soft cloth or a clean burlap. For farrowing alone, the uterus gives an average of fifteen piglets, in the first birth their number, of course, is less, but the number is growing every time.
After the offspring was born, it needs to be warmed up, and this must be done before the sows give birth. The optimum temperature for newborn piglets is 28 ° C. If the pigsty is cool, babies due to the lack of natural immunity to hypothermia can get pneumonia and simply die in 3 days.
In addition, the help of the owner will also be necessary at the first feeding - newly-born offspring. The owner will have to hold the babies by the muzzle, correctly applying them to the nipples of the sow. This must be done in the first 45 minutes after birth, because then the piglet will increase vitality, a sucking baby will ease the pain in labor during labor.
When the piglet finishes eating colostrum, it must be excommunicated from the sow, placed in a separate shelter for housing. Such pigs rarely go for a walk and most of the time they simply eat, gaining mass.
The breed gives a healthy, strong and numerous offspring that grows rapidly and gains a large mass. Starting on the third day, babies can be given complementary foods, supplementing their mother’s milk, and let out for a walk. After the survey, the diet of the sow should not be changed, because this can adversely affect the level of milk abundance and its taste.
Many breeders are impressed by the characteristics of the large white breed of pigs, because it is financially profitable, it is easy to maintain and breed, the pigs of the breed White Bolshaya show a high survival rate. If you follow all of the above tips correctly and treat cattle well, the offspring will be excellent and the animals will gain weight correctly.