Characteristics of pear variety Dulia
The Dulia pear variety is one of the most common types of this fruit. Pear Dulia gained popularity due to its high productivity and winter hardiness.
Characteristics of pear variety Dulia
This pear variety can withstand both cold cyclones and hot days. The tree is very fertile. The variety is precocious. Care for the culture is minimal. Dessert fruits, but also suitable for processing.
The Dulia pear tree is most often very tall, its growth can reach 6.5 m. The average foliage. Crohn is vertically oval, which is quite rare. Shoots of medium length, but rather thick, large buds and without pubescence.
The weight of the fruit is 130 g. The color is most often yellow and with a pale pink blush. The fruit has annual yield, fruits can be harvested at the end of September, there are a lot of fruits. Harvesting is about 70 kg, and they can be stored for 30 days. The pulp was sweet, coarse, medium juiciness.
Growing this fruit is not difficult. Culture is not capricious, but has its own characteristics, for example, it is very photophilous. Difficulties may arise during long foggy days, so it should be planted in the most illuminated areas of the earth.
The best planting time is in autumn (early October) or spring (late April). The mouth of the pit for planting should be at least 1 m in length and 60-80 cm in width. A clay layer should be put at the bottom, about 10 cm. A seedling is chosen 1 or 2 year old, before planting, the central root is cut by 10 cm, the leaves are torn off. After planting a seedling in the soil, you need to ram it with your hands and mulch.
In the early spring, before the buds awaken, a young seedling needs to be pruned. It is needed to strengthen the fruitful branches. As a rule, semi-skeletal branches are cut. The soil must be kept clean, weeds removed. During frosts, the tree needs winter shelter. Having previously treated the trunk with a preparation against mice, it is wrapped in burlap, and straw can be used instead of insulation. The end of the insulation is buried.
Seedlings require pruning
Watering in the first year of planting is carried out 1 time per week, over time, when the tree grows, its watering is reduced and produced already 1-2 times a month. A lot of water is not needed, 1-2 buckets will be enough. After watering, the soil must be mulched and loosened.
Before planting, organic mineral fertilizers must be introduced into the soil. Then, in the first 2-4 years of the tree’s life, nitrogen fertilizing is introduced annually. Further, they will be needed only with obvious nitrogen starvation. Starting from the 5th year of the fruit's life, the soil needs micronutrient minerals annually. During the flowering period, the muzzle needs additional nutrition, which improves the quality of the fruit. It can be green fertilizers or fertilizing with a nitroammophos. During the fruiting period, the plant is fertilized with substances rich in phosphorus and potassium, which will ensure rapid fruit growth. Fertilizing in this period can be done both root and extra root.
The frequency of watering is affected by climate and weather conditions. For example, if the days were hot and the earth was dry, then watering a young tree should be more than 1 time per week. When the tree is already bearing fruit, watering is done before and after flowering. Sprinkling is recommended. You can also dig small grooves around the plant and fill it with water. Moisture should penetrate approximately 80 cm into the ground. High-quality watering will provide a large crop and excellent plant growth.
Diseases and Pests
Diseases overcome the pear quite often. Description of symptoms for possible diseases:
- brown leaves;
- spots on leaves and fruits;
- dark green spots appear on the leaves on the back side;
- the leaves turn yellow and fall prematurely.
All these symptoms can be caused by diseases such as:
- brown spotting;
- gray rot;
The main pest for Dooley is a pear mite, but aphids, leaf flies, berry bugs, weevils, sawflies can also be found on it.
If the fruit is sick with brown spotting, then in the spring before flowering and immediately after it, spray the pear with a Bordeaux mixture of 1% and remove all the fallen leaves.
In the fight against gray rot, you should spray the tree with Skor or Rayek preparations, collecting and discarding all damaged fruits.
In the fight against scabs, you must also collect and remove all affected leaves and sift through the plant with HOM preparations, Bordeaux mixture, Abiga Peak.
To control pests, the most commonly used drug is Tanker (for 10 liters of water, 3 g of the drug). Also suitable are kemifos, kalbofos, Inta-vir, actellik, fufanon.
In order to protect the plant from disease or pests, there are several drugs for prevention. For example, phytoverim, rake, tanker, entobacterium. The whole scavenger needs to be collected and burned. During flowering, the chemical treatments of the tree cease.
Variety Dulia is an excellent choice for growing in your garden. The tree is not capricious, it is not difficult to fight diseases or pests.