Characteristics of pear varieties August Rosa
Pear Augustow Dew is a hybrid of Tenderness and Australian Triumph Pakgama. This remarkable variety was developed by the famous scientist S.P. Yakovlev at the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants. The Augusta Rosa pear variety is endowed with the qualities of the Tenderness variety, such as frost resistance and disease resistance. As well as high yielding capacity and early fruiting of Triumph Pakgama variety.
Characteristics of pear varieties August Rosa
Dew trees grow low to 3 m tall. The culture is fast growing. The crown is not very thick, the shape is slightly wilted. Smooth bark has a rich gray color.
Pear August Dew forms many buds and shoots. Light brown shoots are quite massive and grow almost perpendicular to the trunk. They are covered in numerous small lentils. The kidneys are small, bent, pledged up.
The dark green leaves of the pear Augustow Dew are oval, small, slightly pointed at the end.
The flowers are small, white in shape resembling saucers.
The culture is self-pollinating, but weak. Therefore, Augustow Dew must be planted next to pollinators. The best of them is the variety of Memory of Yakovlev.
The fruiting of August dew begins at 4 years. The harvest is plentiful - about 10 kg of fruits can be collected from one tree. Ripening occurs at the end of summer.
Variety description Augustow Dew
August Dew is a summer pear variety. But depending on the region of cultivation, ripening may occur in early autumn. August dew is a pear, the description of which is represented by many advantages:
- small crown size;
- fast fruiting;
- high and stable yield;
- resistance to cold climates;
- resistance to scab;
- simplicity in cultivation;
- one-dimensionality of the fruit;
- the level of marketability is about 90%.
The disadvantages include:
- low self-pollination;
- the need for regular pruning.
The fruits of the Augustow Rosa variety are characterized by a high sugar content. But due to their vitamin C content, the taste of the pear is sweet and sour. In addition, they have a pleasant aroma and soft texture. They are used not only in fresh form, but also canned, prepared jams and mashed potatoes.
Fruits are yellow-green in color, weighing 120-150 g
Pear fruit August dew:
- small - weighing 120-150g;
- yellowish green with faint one-sided redness;
- the skin is even, with many subcutaneous points;
- the flesh is fine-grained, white.
Ripped fruits are put on ripening, as a result of which they become softer, more aromatic with a more saturated taste. Shelf life of pears is small, only 2-3 weeks. Well tolerate transportation.
Place for planting August dew choose a sunny, windless. The soil should be loose, fertile, well-drained. Dig the soil before planting and apply superphosphate, compost and potash fertilizer.
For other types of soil, adhere to additional recommendations:
- Sandy soil. Increase the depth of the pit to 100 cm, and the width to 150 cm. At the bottom and sides of the pit, pour 20 cm of fertile soil. Then put 20 cm of organic mixture and 10 cm of earth on the bottom. After planting, pour around the seedling a curb from the ground 20 cm high.
- Swampy soil. Plant seedlings on an artificial hill about 40 cm or dig a drainage groove.
- Acidic soil. Leach the soil. To do this, pour 300 g of ground limestone into the bottom of the pit.
Landing times vary by region. In a warm climate, plant seedlings in mid-autumn so that they take root before the onset of frost. In a cold region, plants take root better during spring planting.
For planting, select seedlings 1-2 years. The tree should be strong, strong, with developed roots.
- draw a hole 60 cm deep, 100 cm wide and fluff up the soil in it;
- apply fertilizer;
- at a short distance from the center, establish a support for the tree;
- place the seedling in the center, spread the roots, cover it with earth;
- tamp the soil, mulch with foliage or branches;
- observe an interval between seedlings of more than 2 m.
When planting, make sure that the neck of the root rises slightly above the soil. Tie the barrel to the support. Water carefully.
On the advice of experienced gardeners in the first year of fruiting, remove all flowers except two or three. In the second year - half. And only in the third year leave everything.
For planting, select seedlings 1-2 years, the tree must be strong, with developed roots.
August dew is quite unpretentious. For good growth and abundant fruiting, follow the rules of care:
- Watering. During the first season, water the tree 5-6 times a month at the rate of 10 liters per plant. Watering can be done using a spray, the duration of watering is 2 hours. In subsequent seasons, water once a week, especially during the period of formation and ripening of fruits. After harvesting, watering is stopped.
- Pruning. The first pruning is done with an annual seedling in spring at a height slightly above 50 cm. For a two-year-old seedling, cut off the extra lateral shoots. Trim before budding. It is necessary to remove no more than one fourth of all branches. Grease the places of cuts with garden var. In the fall, pruning is not recommended. But if there are dry or damaged branches, they must be removed and burned.
- Loosen the soil regularly.
- Top dressing. Fertilize annually only in sandy soil. On other types of soil 1 time in 2-3 years. The pear responds well to organics, so in the spring fertilize the pericarp circle with manure, calculated at 2 kg per 1 m2. In the fall, add 20 g of ammonium nitrate, 15 g of urea, 50 g of superphosphate or 650 g of wood ash.
- Wintering. Make insulation from frost in the lower part of the trunk. To protect against rodents, wrap the barrel with a net.
Pruning the branches of August dew is very important. If it is not produced, then the crown will thicken, which will lead to overload by the fruits. Pears will not be one-dimensional, smaller.
Protection against diseases and pests
August Dew is very resistant to diseases and pests, but proper care is required to maintain its immunity:
- To increase resistance to diseases and pests, spray August Rosa in spring with a solution of nitrafen per 250 g per 10 l of water. Or also other fungicides, insecticides, infusions from herbs.
- The first sign of pests is the appearance of moss and lichens. Treat the tree with 5% solution of copper sulfate.
- If the leaves and fruits of August dew are still affected by scab, treat the trunk and branches with a 4% urea solution, and the foliage with a solution of ammonium nitrate.
- In order that the pear trunks in the early spring do not suffer from sharp jumps in temperature - tie them in the autumn with polypropylene or whitewash them. For processing, use special paints or a self-prepared solution of 10 liters of water, 2 kg of lime and 1 kg of clay.
- To protect the roots from severe frosts, mulch the trunk circle with horse humus. The thickness of the mulch layer should be at least 5 cm.
Proper maintenance is required to maintain pear immunity
Pear trees older than 3–4 years old are difficult to transplant. Since when digging up, a lot of roots suffer, and a damaged root system cannot provide the tree with the necessary substances.
Depending on the age of the pear, transplant at different times:
- transplant adult plants in winter with a large lump of earth, at a temperature of 0˚C;
- replant young trees in the fall, so they will better adapt to new conditions and begin to develop faster in the spring.
In the first year after transplanting, do not let the tree bear fruit. For a year, the plant will recover and next year will please a plentiful harvest.
Growing Gardener Tips
Some tips from experienced gardeners for growing pear Augustow Dew:
- August Rosa winter-hardy variety, but sometimes the trunk freezes. Saw it down, and treat those cuts with garden varieties. The tree will start new shoots. Leave the three strongest pieces, and cut off the rest. Next year, select the best one by deleting the rest. Perform these manipulations after the buds open, because the plant can still recover.
- To recover from frostbite or sunburn, irrigate abundantly. Feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizers per 30 g per tree.
- During the flowering period, add a solution of boric acid, under the root of each plant, in the amount of 10 g per one bucket of water. After pear flowering, treat with complex fertilizers.
According to the results of the choice of gardeners, the Augusta Dew pear variety is recognized as one of the best. It is unpretentious, minimal tree care is required, the tree is compact. Growing it next to the pear in memory of Yakovlev, you can get a significant crop, even in small areas.