Characteristics of the Pear Neruss
Pear Nerussa refers to the universal fruit trees. The variety is autumn, bred by pollination of the Forest beauty of the winter seedling Severyanka.
Characteristics of the Pear Neruss
Deciduous tree belongs to the flowering department, the order of white flowers, it begins to bear fruit after 3-5 years, a rapid increase in productivity is noted. The tree is early, fruiting annually. 50-60 kg are collected from one tree. The fruits ripen in September, are stored long and well. Features include good winter hardiness.
A tree is characterized by a number of features:
- large, its height is 4-5 m high;
- fast growing;
- with a pyramidal crown;
- with curves extending from the trunk at right angles;
- with smooth bark of dark gray color.
It is characteristic of this variety that the fruits appear on the glove. Shoots of brown color, in the form of an arc, do not have a fringe.
According to the description, the kidneys are conical in shape, slightly pubescent and bent. The leaves are beautiful green, shiny, with a glossy sheen, slightly curved.
Culture blooms in May. White medium-sized flowers with a characteristic sweetish aroma are revealed.
The variety has one-dimensional fruits, reaching a weight of 130 g. The surface is smooth. During ripening, the color becomes yellowish-green. The variety is characterized by a curved peduncle and a light pink on the sunny side of the fruit. Gray spots appear on the skin.
The pulp of the fruit is juicy, semi-oily consistency, slightly sour, with a subtle aroma.
Fruits are eaten fresh or make preparations, boiled compotes, dried fruits.
Preparation for landing
For future good yields, they determine the place of planting and carefully prepare the pit. It is better to take one or two year old seedlings: they take root better than others.
Pay attention to the root system. It should not be damaged. The aboveground part should not have breaks.
Seedlings are planted in spring and autumn, when the sap flow is suspended, there is no heat, but the soil is well warmed up. For this kind of pear, the best planting time is September.
The soil is pre-prepared: determine the pH level, if necessary, lime.
A pit is dug with a depth of 80 cm and a width of up to 1 m. To direct the trunk directly, a rod or stake is dug in the center. To fertilize the seedling make:
- compost - 10-12 kg (sometimes replaced by rotted manure);
- potassium salt - 50 g;
- superphosphate - 60 g.
The pear must be fertilized
The drugs are mixed until smooth and distributed throughout the pit. The seedling is put inside and gradually sprinkled with earth so that the root neck is not deepened. It should protrude 6 cm above the ground.
Then the earth is tamped, watered well and the seedling is tied to a previously driven in peg. Around the trunk make mulching with humus or manure. The fertilizer should not touch the plant.
From severe frosts and winds, from winter burns, shelter is protected by burlap or paws of the spruce. If the climate is northern, so do adult plants. In early spring, the covering material is removed, preventing the bark from over-ripening, and measures are taken to combat possible diseases.
In autumn and spring, soil loosening is mandatory. Fertilizers are applied during flowering. This top dressing includes chicken droppings, saltpeter and urea. Recipe:
- 30 g saltpeter
- 130 g of urea;
- 5 liters of water for each tree.
The solution is made in a proportion of 1 part of saltpeter and 50 parts of water. Watering the trunk circle.
Top dressing with nitrogen-containing substances is especially important in the first years of a seedling's life on the site. It is carried out several times a season for the first 4 years. Potash fertilizers are applied only once a year.
For juiciness and taste of fruits after flowering, green fertilizers are applied directly under digging (up to 10-12 cm). Vegetation will intensify and activate. Organics have a good effect on tree health. At the end of May, 3 buckets of nitroammophos solution (1: 200) are brought under each tree.
After 5 years of pear life on the plot, all fertilizers are applied to the peripheral zone of the crown, after having made special grooves.
In drought, they especially monitor watering and do not allow the drying of the soil. With a lack of moisture, the pear is able to dump foliage and fruits. Watering frequency - 1 bucket of water per week. The roots are located in the crown zone, so water does not need to be poured under the trunk.
The usual rate of watering is 2-3 buckets for each year of life. If it has not rained for a long time and the soil dries up, watering is carried out more often.
Diseases and Pests
The Neruss pear variety is susceptible to disease. With untimely spraying, fungal or viral diseases appear. Pear diseases include scab, stem rot, and powdery mildew.
Scab is manifested by characteristic points on the trunk, young branches and leaves. Stem rot occurs after severe burns from the sun or frost. It can occur with poor nutrition. Powdery mildew refers to a fungal disease and is manifested by a whitish bloom. If you do not treat the affected areas, it will capture the whole tree.
A pear is affected by several types of pests:
- pear throat;
- pear moth;
- gall midge;
- bug pest;
When they appear, the tree is treated with colloidal sulfur or insecticides.
Garden plants are pruned and inspected in a timely manner. Affected areas are destroyed: completely removed and burned.
It is not difficult to grow a tasty and beautiful pear Nerussa on your site, if you follow simple gardening rules.