Characteristics of milkweed garden
Euphorbia euphorbia is one of the most popular plants for landscaping. Summer residents very often use it as a decoration for their plots. Euphorbia has more than 2, 000 species. The special attractiveness of plants is that they do not require special care and are distinguished by an attractive appearance.
Euphorbia garden perennial
All work with milkweed must be carried out with gloves. Leaves and stems secrete poisonous juice, which in its properties is similar to snake venom. If exposed to exposed skin, it causes irritation. This juice is used for medical purposes in small quantities.
Varieties of garden milkweed are striking in their diversity. From plants form borders, make out rock gardens and flower beds. Euphorbia garden species can be a wonderful decoration for any site. The main thing is to choose the right variety.
A bit about the varieties
Among the variety of varieties of garden milkweed, 160 garden varieties are distinguished. Consider some of the most popular along with photos. The first representative is a multi-flowered euphorbia garden perennial, it has the appearance of a bush with a height of 70 cm. It is most often used by summer residents because of its frost resistance. The leafy part is bright green in color, and in August acquires a saturated yellow color.
Another representative - the almond-shaped garden euphorbia - is distinguished by a bright green color of foliage. It blooms from April to June. It grows only in the southern regions. It can tolerate frost not lower than -15 ° C.
Cypress euphorbia is a grassy representative, reaching a height of not more than 40 cm. It is named because its branches very much resemble cypress. During flowering, it looks like a fluffy ball. Capitate has acquired its name due to capitate flowers. It is distributed by thin shoots, does not grow above 10 cm.
Myrrhose perennial euphorbia reaches 25 cm in height. Attracts summer residents with an unusual geometric shape of foliage. The thermophilic plant does not tolerate frost. Variegated red - an annual plant, unpretentious in care. The red shade of the bracts sets it apart from the rest of the flowers.
The bride, or euphorbia bordered, is the most popular representative. Bracts are bordered with snow-white lace, which gives the impression that snow fell in the middle of summer. The inflorescences themselves are small, inconspicuous. Perennial euphorbia silver swan with elongated silver leaves. It is used as a decoration for personal territory, but only in the southern regions, because it does not tolerate frosts.
Where to plant
Garden species of milkweed in the specifics of planting practically do not differ, despite all its diversity. It is preferable to choose open sunny areas for planting. Plants are planted after May 15, then the very next year it will be possible to enjoy the view of a flowering shrub. Before planting flowers, it is necessary to carry out preliminary preparation of sod. Euphorbia prefers well-loosened soil, not oversaturated with fertilizers.
Special preparation is not required if the soil has not been previously prepared for planting other crops. If the soil is acidic, it is necessary to neutralize with limestone. It can be bought at hardware stores. Under natural conditions, most species grow in open mountainous areas, so you can safely plant on stony soils.
Often plants are planted to control various weeds. Growing, the euphorbia creates a dense border through which it is very difficult for other plants to break through. Plus, attractive bushes will show off in the garden.
Landing and care:
- depending on the variety, pits for planting dig from 10 to 20 cm;
- drainage is placed in the hole;
- a layer of rotten biomaterial follows, for example, you can use compost from sawdust;
- when the preparatory phase is completed, the plants are transplanted into the pits by transshipment;
- the pit is covered with an earthen mixture of sand, peat and soil;
- next to each bush, dig in the supports for subsequent garter.
Garden varieties are not picky about care. Watering is needed only if the summer was very hot. If a sprout has only been planted in spring, it should be ensured that the soil does not dry out.
A couple of times a season it is enough to add the simplest mineral fertilizers to the water for irrigation. In the southern regions, you can add humus or peat directly under the bushes. Trimming is carried out as needed. Dried branches should be removed so that they do not interfere with the further development of the bush.
Before the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to conduct appropriate preparation. In general, initially a plant variety is selected, depending on the climatic conditions of its region, and then additional preparation is not required. Annual plants should be insulated in any case. Before warming an annual plant, it should be cut off by about 21 centimeters for high varieties and 5-10 centimeters for low varieties.
As a heater, fallen leaves are used. For northern areas, it is recommended to use covering materials or wrap the plant with polyethylene. Extra winter care is not required.
There are several ways to propagate garden euphorbia:
- dividing the bush.
In order to be able to propagate seeds of garden euphorbia, it is necessary to plant plants in pairs. In the male bush, the flower is narrow, oblong, with well-defined stamens. In a female bush, the flower has a broad shape with numerous pistils. Planting seeds is carried out in the autumn. The soil is sprinkled with sawdust or compost.
For propagation by cuttings, healthy flowering plants are selected and young strong shoots are cut. Previously, the cuttings should be washed to cleanse of milky juice. The slice on the bush should be disinfected with activated charcoal. The shoots themselves are laid for drying for several days. After a certain period of time, seedlings are planted in pots with soil.
To multiply the bush by division, it is necessary to separate the parts from a perennial plant in the spring. Each new bush should have a pair of buds. Bushes are planted in pre-dug holes immediately.
What is sick?
Even poisonous juice does not save garden euphorbia from insect attacks. There are special tools for processing from nematodes. Processing is carried out in accordance with the instructions. Euphorbia can be exposed to several types of diseases.
- Fusariosis manifests itself as falling leaves, ultimately leading to death. A plant can become infected through the soil, so you need to monitor the quality of the fertilizer. For treatment using a special tool.
- Rot of the root system occurs as a result of waterlogging of the soil due to too frequent watering.
- Ring spotting appears in extreme heat. On the leaves yellow rings begin to appear. You can only prevent further spread by removing infected leaves and inflorescences.
As used for medicinal purposes
Today, folk treatment with herbal compounds is very popular. Euphorbia is used as a medicine for rheumatism, puffiness, diseases of various systems, organs. Leaves have been used since ancient times to heal large wounds and cuts, as well as purulent boils.
In traditional medicine, the plant is also widely used for the manufacture of drugs. Today, on the shelves of pharmacies you can find several types of such drugs. "Green Pharmacist" has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Culture is especially popular in the East. There, weak solutions of milky juice are used as a medicine for stomach diseases, kidney diseases, fungal diseases and other dermal lesions.
How to compose a composition on a site
Landscaping often uses romantic-style compositions. They perfectly emphasize recreation areas. There are no strict rules for the layout. Most often, bushes are planted along paths or near arbors in order to emphasize.
Euphorbia perfectly harmonizes with daisies, lilies, hops, asters and any cereal crops. You can use them to make bouquets. In order to protect themselves, the ends of the cut plants are immersed in boiling water for literally 2 minutes.
Euphorbia effectively combines with a composition of irises, tulips and bells in one color scheme. For such a neighborhood, a variety of bride is perfect, which will emphasize favorably. Banded euphorbia also goes well with burgundy dahlias and red roses.
Euphorbia - one of the most unpretentious in breeding and care of plants. It is widely used for landscaping park areas, as well as for decorating personal plots. Due to its unpretentiousness it is often used by summer residents. The variety of forms is simply amazing. Looking at the photo, you can easily see this.
The plant is used not only for decoration. Its juice is widely used in folk and traditional medicine for the production of various medicines. However, do not forget that in its pure form, milky juice is very toxic and, if exposed to exposed skin, can cause inflammation, and if it enters the digestive tract of an animal or human, it can cause death. Work with the plant only with gloves on.
Description and name you can look under the photos and choose a perennial plant to your taste. The choice should be based on the climatic features of the region, otherwise you will have to make a lot of efforts to get a good result. Many species do not tolerate cold, therefore it is preferable to breed them only in the southern regions with mild winters.
Euphorbia is an extremely tenacious plant that quickly spreads to different parts of the garden. Having found the sprout in the wrong place, it must be removed as soon as possible, otherwise it will turn into a weed that will have to be fought. Vitality and toxicity does not save plants from invasions of various parasites and does not protect against diseases. So that the plant does not hurt, you should follow the basic rules of care:
- prevent the soil from drying out in the first year of planting;
- Do not overdo it with watering;
- in a very hot climate, when yellow spots appear on the leaves, remove them to prevent the spread of the disease;
- trim on time;
- regularly plow the soil.