Characteristics of Lukhovitsky cucumbers
Lukhovitsky cucumbers - this is a whole family of cucumbers, which includes several varieties. All vegetables differ in characteristics from each other and require compliance with the rules of care.
Characteristics of Lukhovitsky cucumbers
Since the 1930s, early vegetables have been grown in Lukhovitsy. Among their advantages note:
- great taste: fruits are sweetish (without a hint of bitterness), juicy, with a fresh cucumber smell;
- the same size of greens: they have the correct cylindrical shape, up to 12 cm in length;
- excellent commercial qualities: dense, crisp flesh without voids, the possibility of long-term storage and transportation;
- high productivity;
- universality of use: cucumbers are suitable both for fresh consumption and for the preparation of canned vegetables, pickles;
- resistance to many diseases of pumpkin crops.
The catalog of varieties and hybrids belonging to the cucumber Lukhovitsky group does not remain unchanged. Gardeners of the district cooperate with breeders, introduce new varieties into circulation.
Description of varieties and hybrids
Lukhovitsky cucumber has a different origin: among the cultivated ones there are varieties and hybrids of both domestic and Dutch breeding. Since the 60s Vyaznikovskiy and Muromskiy varieties were popular of the last century, from the 1970s - the Graceful variety, decades later they began to grow Libella and Mirinda, at the beginning of the new century - Othello, and in recent years the Dutch hybrids Solinas and Adam became local.
A brief description of the varieties of Lukhovitsky cucumbers:
- Vyaznikovsky - a plant with short lashes and bundles; ovoid fruits, 9-11 cm long, with small tubercles; the variety is resistant to many diseases and temperature extremes; cultivation is simple care is primitive.
- Muromsky forms lashes of medium length (up to 1.6 m); greenhouses 10-14 cm, small-tuberous, have a traditional sweet taste with a complete absence of bitterness; the variety does not suffer from bacteriosis and powdery mildew.
- Graceful has a description of a bush and the size of a green leaf similar to Muromsky, only the shape of the fruit differs - it is ellipsoidal; the variety has an average yield (5-7 kg per 1 sq. m), resistant to olive spotting.
- Libella and Mirinda are medium-braided varieties with lateral shoots and a large number of ovaries, which is a prerequisite for productivity; Zelentsy have an average weight of 100 g, a cylindrical shape, not more than 12 cm; immune to fungal diseases.
- Adam F1 is a Dutch hybrid, characterized by vigorous vines and a female type of flowering, good yield - 8-10 kg per square meter. m; small cucumbers (11-12 cm), cylindrical, tuberous, with a small fluff;
- Solinas F1 - a high-yielding Dutchman with vigorous shoots and bunch flowering; Zelentsy miniature (no more than 9 cm), with small tubercles; like the previous hybrid, resistant to powdery mildew, mosaic virus.
Not all varieties of culture satisfy the requirements of vegetable growers from Lukhovitsy. For example, cucumber Lukhovitsky F1, according to agronomists, was not widespread in the area due to the later maturity and a large number of deformed greenhouses.
The first cucumbers are harvested in May
According to the description, the cultivation of varieties of Lukhovitsky cucumbers is carried out according to the technology that has developed over the many decades of the existence of cucumber fishing in the Moscow region. The first gathering of greenhouses is carried out in mid-May, thanks to greenhouses with a multilayer coating.
Vegetable beds and seeds of cucumbers are prepared in the fall: they dig, fertilize soil with manure and humus, and process seed. Of particular concern is the removal of plant debris from the ground that can become a source of disease.
Seeds are sown at the end of March in homemade peat bricks, which are placed in a small area under several layers of film. In cold weather, the film is covered with canvas bags.
In open ground transplanted around mid-April. The beds are usually prepared with a width of 1 m. They are covered with a plastic film with cuts every 40 cm. Seedlings that have formed at least one true leaf are placed in these cuts.
Young plants are watered with warm water and covered with a film fixed on arches 60-80 cm high. A second one, resting on meter arches, is placed on top of the first layer. The resulting air layer retains solar heat and moisture well.
In the first weeks after transplanting, watering is not required. With the onset of hot weather, watered with warm, settled water. Watering is carried out in the evening, water should not fall on a leaf plate. With the formation of the first fruits, plants need more moisture, so they spend more intensive watering.
A film shelter is opened during the day to ventilate the greenhouse, to remove excess fumes. In rainy weather, when the temperature drops, the plantings are left covered or open for a short time, because high humidity favors the spread of pathogenic fungi.
Plants are fed with complex mineral fertilizers with the addition of organic matter.
Timely collection of greenhouses stimulates the formation of ovaries, so you need to collect cucumbers every other day or every day if you need fruits at the stage of pickles (4-5 cm).
The described cultivation rules have developed precisely in Lukhovitsy, but the varieties mentioned above can be grown wherever necessary conditions can be created for the culture to grow. The most important points:
- fertile soil, loose and moist;
- air temperature not lower than 15 ° С;
- wind protection and good light.
Lukhovitsky cucumbers are a thermophilic culture. You can get an early harvest, thanks to the arrangement of insulated beds. To do this, manure is prepared (cow or horse): they are compacted, sprinkled with earth and covered with a film to protect it from freezing. In early spring, shelter is removed, the manure is mixed with the ground. Such soil becomes loose and warms up faster due to the active activity of microorganisms.
To prepare a warmed bed, a recess of up to 40 cm is torn out, after which it is laid in layers:
- sawdust with the addition of urea (10-12 cm);
- manure, with the addition of plant organics (rotted leaves, grass);
- ground (20-25 cm).
Using this technology, you can grow vegetables in the open field. With an early landing, temporary shelters will be required. In Central Russia, areas with a colder climate, Lukhovitsky cucumber is grown in greenhouses.
Despite the fact that Lukhovitsky cucumbers require special care and compliance with the rules of watering and top dressing, the fruits of the plant more than pay for the time spent on them during the growth period. Lukhovitsky cucumbers are grown in different regions. The main thing is to properly prepare the soil for planting seeds and follow the rules of care.