Characteristics of Labadia Potato
Potato Labadia is a popular Dutch high-yielding variety for table use. The variety is quite new (it was introduced to the State Register only in 2012), but in this short time it managed to fall in love with many gardeners. A more detailed description of the variety will be considered in the article.
Characteristics of Labadia Potato
Labadia is a medium-early ripening variety, giving a rich harvest of large fruits. The vegetative period is about 75-85 days, lodging of the tops occurs after 105-110 days. Productivity of a grade - 300-450ts / ha.
Labadia is geographically oriented for the Central, Central Black Earth, Ural, Volga-Vyatka, Middle Volga and North Caucasus regions.
Potato is resistant to high temperatures and drought, shows consistently good results in various types of soils. When preplanting young tubers with biostimulants, it is possible to grow the crop as a two-crop one.
Culture meets this characteristic:
- the bush is tall, standing straight or semi-straight (relatively ragged);
- stems are powerful, well developed;
- foliage is large, slightly wavy at the edges;
- the leaves are light green;
- the corolla is medium large;
- white flowers;
- shoots of the same type, aligned.
Description of the fetus
On one bush varieties account for an average of 6 to 10 potatoes.
- large fruits (100-150g), oval-elongated;
- eyes are small, medium deep;
- yellow peel with a rough surface;
- the flesh is cream yellow;
- the starch content is 12-16% of the total mass.
The description of the tuber does not always coincide with the stated one. The reason for this is the difference in growing conditions.
The potato has a great taste, optimal for baking (separately or as part of other dishes). In the process of cooking, it boils a little, so it is recommended to reduce the cooking time slightly relative to the standard recipe, or add to the cooking dish a couple of minutes later.
Labadia is notable for its good transportability and keeping quality of fruits, which makes the culture an optimal commercial variety.
Proper care will allow you to get a good harvest.
The variety is quite unpretentious, but in order to improve the quality indicators of the fruits and increase the yield, the requirements of agricultural technology should be met. Loosening is performed to improve the air and water permeability of the soil.
The root system of potatoes needs more air than other vegetables. With air deficiency due to the formation of a crust on the soil or an excess of moisture, plants can stop forming fruits. Therefore, the root zone should always be loosened and slightly moistened.
The first loosening is done before germination (5-7 days after planting), combined with cleaning the area from weeds. The following procedures are carried out carefully so as not to harm the tops, their time depends on the speed of soil hardening (corking).
Hilling is carried out exclusively in humid medium warm climates. When carrying out the procedure in a hot, dry summer, there is a high risk of crop loss. It is necessary to spud after watering, early in the morning or late in the evening (when the daytime heat subsides). The procedure is repeated twice until the flowering phase of the plant - with a bush height of 13-15 cm and after 3 weeks.
The amount and amount of irrigation depends on the composition of the soil and the climatic conditions of cultivation. In rainy weather, it is watered already in the flowering phase (when the crop needs an increased amount of moisture). With a moisture deficit, the tops begin to fade and lose their elasticity, the plant needs to be irrigated at the rate of 50 liters per m2 (so that the entire fertile layer is saturated with water).
In a temperate climate, the crop will need three waterings per season - after germination, when the first buds appear and after flowering. A larger amount will provoke stagnation of moisture in the soil.
Fertilizing is recommended even on the most fertile ground. The first feeding is introduced 30-35 days after planting, then fertilizer application can be synchronized with watering the crop (during the formation of buds and after flowering). You should be careful with the dosage of nitrogen bait (especially nitrate), because they can cause the accumulation of nitrates in the fruit.
For the growth and development of the variety, feeding with the content of:
- carbamide (urea);
- potassium chloride;
- Bordeaux fluid;
- bird droppings.
The variety is resistant to infection with a golden nematode.
Labadia potatoes are resistant to diseases such as:
- golden nematode (globose disease);
- wrinkled mosaic;
- potato cancer.
The grade demonstrates an average degree of resistance in relation to:
- banded mosaic;
- foliage twisting virus;
- late blight of the fetus and tops (brown rot).
The most dangerous for the variety are such diseases of three types of origin:
- Fungal - alternariosis (dry spotting), phomosis (gangrene, fomose rot, button disease), common scab, rhizoctonia (black scab), powdery and silver scab, fusarium wilting (dry fruit rot), verticillous withering.
- Bacterial - brown bacterial rot, ring rot, black leg.
- Viral - mottled mosaic, gothic (spindle-shaped) fruits, necrosis (spotting) of fruits, stem nematode.
Fungal infections are considered the most serious for potatoes. To preserve most of the crop, the fight against the spread of fungal spores must begin as early as possible (in the early stages of distribution). It should be borne in mind that some types of fungi can be in the soil in a state of suspended animation for up to 6 years. In no case should tubers containing fungal spores be consumed, as some of them can cause diseases in people.
The increased prevalence of bacterial lesions was caused by the introduction of mechanized harvesting of fruits and damage to tubers caused by it. In most cases, infection with harmful bacteria occurs at the stage of harvesting, sorting the potatoes and preparing them for planting.
Infection of a culture with a virus, like a bacterial infection, cannot be cured. Viruses are transmitted from diseased individuals and some species of insect vectors.
The most dangerous for Labadia are such pests:
- Colorado beetle,
- nutcracker beetle larvae (wireworms),
- potato scoop
- potato moth
- potato nematode
In addition to self-transmitted infections, insects harm the culture by eating leaves, stems, fruit, root system. A damaged plant experiences an acute shortage of nutrients and moisture, which leads to stunting or even death.
In the early stages of the pest invasion, it is recommended to carry out manual collection, with a more extensive lesion - treatment of plants with folk remedies and insecticides.
Labadia potatoes are one of the best new varieties zoned for the middle lane. The culture has excellent product characteristics, great taste and keeping quality. The combination of unpretentiousness of cultivation and guaranteed rich harvest makes the variety attractive both in conditions of industrial cultivation and in a small summer cottage.