Characteristics of Green Hot Chili Peppers
Green hot pepper is a well-known red chili whose fruits are in the phase of technical maturity. By this time, the vegetable manages to get enough vitamins and minerals. It differs from red in that it is less burning. A detailed description of the variety is presented in the article.
Green hot chili peppers
There are several varieties of red chili peppers that have ripened green fruits. They have gained particular popularity. They are easy to grow in the garden, in the greenhouse and on the windowsill.
The variety is very popular in America. Early ripening - from the appearance of seedlings to picking fruits in green, 90 days pass.
The bush is well leafy. New shoots are not formed. This facilitates the care of the plant and provides the fruit with a lot of light.
The fruit is long - 15-16 cm. The width of the stalk is 4.5-5.5 cm. The shape is conical, flattened vegetable. The tip is pointed or concave. In biological maturity turn red. Scoville acuity is 500–2500. These are average indicators. It has a sweet, slightly spicy aroma. Grilled, pickled, stuffed. Due to the size of the fruit, they are cut in half.
Pepper comes from Mexico. It got its name in honor of the Sierra Mountains. The variety is high-yielding. The first fruits can be harvested three months after seed germination.
Spectacular perennial plant. The shrub is developing rapidly.
The vegetable is in the form of a bullet. The size is small - only 4 cm. The skin is smooth, glossy. The walls are pretty thin. The presence of partitions inside reduces the stickiness. Removing the seed also helps reduce acuity. In the biological phase of maturity, they turn red. It tastes with a little acidity. Hot green peppers are consumed raw. Ripened - in recycled.
Originally from Mexico. It is recommended to use fruits at the stage of technical maturity, since red ones do not have such beneficial properties. The growing period is 70-80 days.
The bush reaches a height of 1 m. With good care, you can collect 25-35 peppers from each.
The fruits are curved. The tip is dumb. The surface is smooth. Length - 5-9 cm. Weight about 50 g. They have a spicy-sharp, slightly vinegar taste. A lot of pungency is contained in the seed. Therefore, they are removed.
Benefit and harm
The advantage of green hot pepper is its use in various fields:
- in medical practice;
- in cosmetology;
- for dietary purposes;
- in cooking in various forms.
Pepper is used not only for food
The burning substance found in vegetables can dull the pain. Benefits in arthritis and neurosis, inflammation of the joints. Regular use of green chili helps increase immunity, improves blood circulation.
It improves metabolic processes in the body, increases appetite. It helps with various diseases: colds, bronchial asthma, insomnia, atherosclerosis, hepatitis, epilepsy and allergies. It is taught that hot pepper fights cancer cells, so it is used in the prevention of cancer. It also protects tooth enamel, prevents tooth decay.
Cosmetics and Diet
Due to its high content of vitamin C and capsaicin, chili peppers are often used for cosmetic purposes. Beneficial effect on the condition of the skin and hair. He is also able to increase body temperature. Thus, it breaks down body fat. It does not affect carbohydrates. These processes will benefit in the fight against excess weight. Another hot pepper provides a feeling of fullness.
Chili-based dishes have a spicy, pungent taste. It is consumed raw, cooked on the grill, stewed, pickled.
The beneficial properties of hot pepper are undeniable, but it can only be used in moderation. Otherwise, it will harm the body.
The harm of this pepper also has the basis of medical conclusions. You can not use this product with existing diseases of the digestive system, especially with gastritis and ulcers: the vegetable can cause burns on the mucous membranes. It is necessary to exclude it from the diet for heartburn.
Growing hot green pepper can be done both on the windowsill, and in the open ground or greenhouse. For a good crop, the plant must provide optimal conditions:
- illumination and appropriate temperature;
- bush formation;
- top dressing.
Regardless of where the plant is cultivated, it is necessary to provide it with good light. For most plants, an 8-hour daylight is sufficient, but if the sprouts are weak, it is advisable to increase this time to 12 hours. For illumination, daytime lamps are used.
Harvest depends on care
To grow a strong adult culture, you must first take care of the health of seedlings. The temperature in the room where it will be located should be 20 ° C. After a few weeks, it is gradually reduced. Somewhere 14 days before planting, seedlings need to be hardened. Every day they are taken outside (for 1-2 hours in a shaded place). It is worth providing seedlings from sharp jumps in temperature and drafts.
After landing on a permanent place, pinch the crown of peppers (when they pass adaptation). This process can be carried out if the plants let out 1-2 new leaves.
Watering is carried out once a week, until the crop begins to bloom. In hot weather, the amount can be increased up to two times. Dosage should be 12 liters per 1 square. m. In the subsequent stages of cultivation watered three times a week, making 14 liters of water per 1 square. m
Be sure to correctly form the bush, then the crop will be higher. For this, they carry out stepsoning - only 5 top shoots are left. The rest must be deleted.
Hot pepper will respond well to loosening the soil. It should be carried out regularly, but carefully so as not to cause harm. After all, the root system of a plant is superficial and can be damaged.
Some gardeners advise against fertilizing at all. This is provided that the soil is enriched with beneficial substances. To do this, use ash, chicken droppings or rotted mullein in the autumn and dig it up. But during the growth of hot pepper, you can feed it with complex fertilizer. It is introduced every two weeks, dosing strictly according to the instructions.
Diseases and Pests
Chili pepper can affect such diseases:
- bacterial spotting;
- gray mold;
- white rot;
- tobacco mosaic virus.
In order to prevent them, it is necessary to correctly carry out the agrotechnical process. It is also worth collecting all plant debris from the site, disinfecting the soil and seed.
For medicinal purposes, plants are treated with 1% Bordeaux liquid. It helps in the fight against fungi. You can spray the culture every 3 weeks with insecticides. Drugs are used according to the specified instructions.
Green hot pepper has many useful properties and qualities. Its benefits have been proven by both physicians and traditional healers. Became popular due to its universal use.
You can grow a plant both at home and on the site. And unpretentiousness in leaving will satisfy each gardener.