Characteristics of the fungus Sparassis curly

Curly Sparassis is a parasite mushroom. Causes decay and decomposition on wood. It is similar to cauliflower, therefore, it has many other names: hare, mushroom or pine forest.

Characteristics of the fungus Sparassis curly

Mushroom description

Curly sparassis settles on coniferous trees. Sometimes found in deciduous forests. The population has recently declined significantly due to deforestation. In addition, people have made efforts in the extinction of the plant. Now it is listed in the Red Book of Russia, Belarus, Ukraine.

A mushroom is rarely found in our forests, especially larger specimens. It appears from the second half of the summer season until mid-autumn. The aboveground body can gain in diameter from 10 cm to 60 cm. Sometimes fruiting bodies weighing 6-10 kg come across.

According to the description, curly Sparassis has a rounded elongated shape, it looks like a branched coral or branchy tree. Consists of flat twigs-plates. They have a wavy serrated edge. Young Mushrooms - white, cream-colored. It gets darker with age.

Curly sparassis settles in coniferous trees

The consistency of the flesh in the plates also indicates the age of the plant. In young women, it is soft, delicate; the taste is nutty and pleasant. Over time, it becomes tougher, and for food it can no longer be used.

Mushroom properties

Curly sparassis contains a large amount of polysaccharide beta-glucan - more than 40% of dry weight. This substance has a bright immunomodulatory property and is widely used in pharmacology of all countries of the world. It is a strong antioxidant, counteracts the development of tumor, inflammatory and allergic processes.

In Sparassis, there is curly sparassol, it prevents the development of mold fungi, to protect itself from pests, various diseases. It also benefits people, as it has antimicrobial and antimycotic activity.

The components of Curly Sparassis have the following medicinal properties:

  • antitumor;
  • antioxidant;
  • immunomodulatory;
  • antibacterial;
  • antifungal.

The fungus helps allergy sufferers, hypertensive people and people who have had post-stroke conditions, as well as people with diabetes.

Contraindications

Curly sparassis with other mushrooms is undesirable to give to children under 6 years old. They are not included in the diet of people with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and liver. It is a heavy food and creates a serious burden on the digestive organs.

Cultivation methods

Mushroom Sparassis can not be used for personal needs. When growing at home, the technology is the same as when cultivating oyster mushrooms. The only difference is that sawdust must be taken fresh and from conifers.

Mushroom Sparassis can be grown independently

This species is best grown on a personal plot using a felled or felled tree. It is advisable to choose coniferous trunks. The wood must be fresh, not stale. A hole of 15 cm is drilled in it, filled with mycelium, and the hole is sealed with sawdust. The log must lie on the ground so that it is possible to draw moisture out of it.

The mushroom is widely grown in Japan, Korea. Not only food is made from it. The substances contained in the plant are widely used in the manufacture of medicines, dietary supplements.

How to cook mushroom

It is necessary to cook the mushroom according to a certain algorithm.

  1. Immerse in ¼ hours in cold water. This will help easier to clean from forest "garbage" - adhering needles, grass.
  2. Rinse fruit bodies with cold water and grind with a knife, fingers.
  3. Pour the sliced ​​pieces so that the liquid covers their surface, salt.
  4. Cook for 20 minutes. After boiling and the appearance of foam, reduce the fire, remove the noise.
  5. Allow the boiled mass to drain in a colander.

Important Curly Sparassis does not digest. Otherwise, it will fall apart and lose its unusual taste. For the same reason, spices should not be added. Boil in milk to give a richer taste.

Conclusion

Curly sparassis can not be torn, destroyed. He is on the verge of extinction and needs human welfare. Therefore, when meeting in the forest, it is better to try to shelter him from unscrupulous mushroom pickers, curious tourists. This will make it possible to make a feasible contribution to the conservation of nature.

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