Characteristics of Duchess pear variety
Pear Duchess is a very popular variety. The variety has several varieties. Known for its high yield, good taste of the fruit. The variety is not whimsical to care for. Therefore, many gardeners grow it on their sites.
Characteristics of Duchess pear variety
The variety was bred by the English breeder Wheeler. Cultivated on small estates and farm enterprises.
The most popular and common varieties:
In addition to them, there are several varieties, namely:
- Moscow Wild;
- Moscow Garden;
Some gardeners mistakenly assume that Bere is also one of these species. In fact, these are two different varieties.
Juice from the fruit is low in calories. It is used in different diets. It will be useful for babies. Also, fruits have found their application in medicine. Saturated with a whole complex of nutrients. They are used as one of the components of antiviral drugs. Juice has good hypoallergenic properties.
The view has a second name - Williams. Got it in honor of the farmer who first introduced Duchess pears at an international exhibition.
The plant is unpretentious, the soil for planting may be different. But in order to achieve a high yield, it is better to choose a soil saturated with nutrients. Self-infertile - requires additional pollinators. Such varieties can act in their quality: Pass Krassan, Olivier de Ser, Lubimitsa Kappa, Forest Beauty, Bere Ardanpon.
The plant is medium-sized. The crown is broad, pyramidal in shape. There are a lot of leaves. The bark is gray, not rough. Some shoots are arched, others are straight. Differ in thickness. They have many light yellow lentils. The leaves are large, elliptical in shape, marginous. Their surface is smooth and glossy. Blooms late for a long time. The size of the inflorescences is average. Resistant to temperature drops.
The plant is medium-sized. Crohn broad, pyramidal
Description of the fetus
The fruits of Summer Duchess are tied 5-6 years after planting. On a branch there can be 2-3 pieces. They do not fall for a long time, because they are well attached to the peduncle. The shape is oblong, pear-shaped. Weight averages about 170 g. The skin is rough, thin. Its shade is light emerald, at the stage of full ripening - lemon yellow, on the one hand, a blush is characteristic. Inside, juicy, granular. The pulp has a cream color. The taste is sweet wine. Muscat notes are felt. At the end of summer, you can already enjoy the Williams fruits, but they are not picked much longer.
Duchess Pear Summer contains many sugars. Eat fresh, prepare fruit salads. In processed form - this is jam, jams, compotes, candied fruits, sweets. Dried used for muesli.
Positive characteristics of the variety:
- high yield - up to 250 kg of fruit from one adult tree;
- unpretentiousness to the soil and climate;
- resistance to scab;
- great taste;
- at low temperatures, 1.5 months may persist.
The disadvantages of summer Duchess include self-infertility, aphid and carnival damage.
Originally from Belgium. Distributed in Uzbekistan, Crimea and the North Caucasus. Requires pollinators. In their quality are Zimny Bere Ardanpon, Frenchwoman Williams.
Refers to medium-late ripening. It grows well in places protected from the winds.
The tree is tall, branched. It grows high, but this process takes a long time. The crown is broad, pyramidal in shape. The leaves are small, oval in shape, emerald color.
Description of the fetus
Fruits of the Winter variety can be obtained for 6-7 years after planting. Their mass reaches 400 g, sometimes up to 600 g. The shape is barrel-shaped. The skin is smooth and firm. The surface is flat. The color is amber, on the one hand they have a blush. The pulp is very juicy, melting, white. The taste is sweet with a slight acidity. Use fresh and processed. They prepare dessert dishes, jam, jams, wines. The fruits are harvested in October, when all the leaves fall from the tree.
The color of the fruit is amber, on the one hand they have a blush
- resistance to frost;
- long-term fruit preservation - up to several months in a cool place.
The description shows that the disadvantages are exposure to certain diseases, self-infertility. Demanding on the composition of the soil.
In order for the Pear Duchess variety to give good yield indicators, it is necessary to provide it with optimal conditions. To this end, it is necessary to carry out some activities. These varieties are looked after as well as other varieties.
Trees need watering. It is carried out on average three times. For Winter and Summer Duchess, the periods of water application do not coincide. The first time to water is on the eve of flowering. The second - during fruit setting. Last time - after the harvest. The amount of water can be calculated based on the fact that for every year of life a tree should receive 2-3 buckets of water. During droughts, you can water more than once.
In order to maintain moisture in the ground, and the roots are not exposed and do not dry out, you can use mulching. As mulch, dried grass, sawdust, straw are used.
Cropping and shaping
Gardeners recommend Pear Duchess cut in the spring. This procedure is performed until the age of five. The tree is given the necessary look. For crowns of a more mature age, anti-aging and sanitary scraps are used.
The description states that you can sort a tree according to a certain pattern. In the first year after planting, side shoots above the kidneys and the main trunk are shortened by a fourth. In the next - the central part is 25 cm, the side is 5-8 cm.
Pear Duchess need to be cut in the spring, this procedure is performed until the age of five.
Soil quality affects crop quality. When planting, top dressing is added to the pit. Once a few years under Pears, Duchess poultry bring manure or manure. For 1 square. m give 5-8 kg of organic matter. Every year (the first is not necessary), mineral fertilizers must be used:
- potassium chloride (30 g per 1 sq. m.);
- ammonium nitrate (25 g per 1 sq. m.);
- superphosphate (25 g per 1 sq. m.).
They are introduced into the groove. Its depth should be 20 cm.
If cultivation is carried out in a region with cold winters, you can cover it. The bottom of the tree is wrapped in cotton cloth and newspapers. This will protect him from frost and cold winds.
Diseases and Pests
The description indicates that the variety is not particularly resistant to disease. During the budding period and after flowering is completed, scab can affect it. The disease develops in damp, cool weather. To combat it, spraying with 1% Bordeaux liquid is used. The soil is treated with 0.3% Nitrafen solution. Affected leaves must be removed and burned, because they are a source of pathogens.
The pear of this variety is also affected by the parsnip. Processing from it must be carried out when the buds have not yet opened. Use the preparations "Oleuprit" or "Karbofos". For 10 liters of water give 90 g of the product. Aphid larvae are neutralized with organophosphorus insecticides.
Duchess pear bark love to feast on hares. Therefore, it is necessary to enclose it with a small fence to prevent the penetration of animals.
Duchesse Pears - the standard of fruit. They are very tasty and healthy. They have universal application. Grow them on their site under the power of every gardener, even a beginner. After all, they are not whimsical to care for and well take root in different areas. They bring a stable good harvest.