Characteristics of the Curie Breed Loman Brown
Loman Brown chickens meet all high standards of bio-productivity, therefore they are very popular. This is a cross-layer production line. In the world, these chickens are known due to the high productivity of eggs, although they are considered both meat and egg breeds.
Chickens Broken Brown
Chickens Loman Brown got their name from the German supplier Lohmann Tierzucht GmbH. Until now, uterine specimens have been brought from Germany, so it is not possible to obtain offspring with identical productivity at home.
The history of the genus is rather complicated. Four hybrids were involved in its creation. Chickens came from crossing, which can very easily be distinguished visually by sex. Based on the leadership of the company, there are several varieties of breed:
- broken Brown - nickname;
- broken Brown - high;
- broken Brown - online;
- Broken Brown - Leghorn.
Their differences are in egg size and economic indicators. Variations for obtaining extra-large eggs, small and standard, have been deduced, there are also representatives carrying large eggs from the beginning of oviposition. Laying meat is tender, practically free of fat.
Breed of chickens Loman Brown, arranged so that even in day-old chicks you can determine the sex. The first thing that catches your eye even in the photo is a rather large physique. In addition to high meat and egg indicators, chickens have a high survival rate of 98%. The bird looks pretty impressive with a weight of only 2-3 kg. In the specific description of the breed, there are 2 lines: maternal and paternal, differing in color. Maternal individuals are white with a silver tint, paternal ones have a darker golden brown color with the addition of dark feathers.
Even among chickens, females and males can be distinguished. By carefully looking at the photos of the Loman Brown chickens, you can see that the males are dark, and the hens have a white cannon. Often, an adult thoroughbred individual falls into the hands of a novice farmer. In this case, information is required on the productivity and age of the bird. To find out exactly the age of a feathered creature, you can use the information in the video clip.
How to care for an individual
Loman Brown chickens are very popular among breeders, due to their unpretentiousness in care and high survival rate. Keeping such birds is a whole art. The breed easily adapts to any climate, so growing does not require large expenses. They can be kept in enclosures, on the floor, or in cages exposed in tiers. However, if when breeding chickens you want to get more than just individuals with average production indicators, you should pay maximum attention to the features of the content.
So that the birds can calmly survive the winter, the best option for them would be a warmed house. The temperature regime should be 16-18 ° C. Layers are able to survive in frosts down to -25 ° C, however in the future this is fraught with pain and a decrease in egg production.
The size of the house is determined by the heads. Normally, 6 to 8 individuals are on the floor. If you do not comply with the ratio, cannibalism may occur, the destruction of the oviposition will begin.
The standard forces to place 4 hens on one nest. When grown in cells, 540 square meters should be allocated per individual. cm.
Important in breeding birds is the light mode. The daylight hours in the egg-laying stage should be at least 16 hours. If the birds live in private estates and are outdoors in daylight, artificial illumination in the house and maintaining an acceptable plus temperature in winter are recommended.
What should be the nutrition
A rather difficult task is the selection of the right diet. At home, the difficulty lies in tracking the quality of the resulting feed. It is compound feed that should be the basis of the laying hen's diet. Unfortunately, our feeds are not of high quality, and many farmers leave negative reviews, therefore, if there is no confidence in this product, it is best to make it yourself. For one chicken, on average, 100-120 g of feed per day is required. The composition of the feed should include:
- protein 15-20%;
- calcium 5%;
- vitamin top dressing.
In order for the Loman Brown chicken breed to develop normally and be able to please with high rates of egg laying, the birds should not be fed whole wheat, because the cereal is absorbed by the body for a very long time. Often chickens are fed with sprouted or crushed grains. In an autonomous economy, the diet of laying hens must be varied with root crops, cabbage, tavern, corn, and barley. Full-fledged walking also favorably affects the meat and egg qualities of the breed.
Layman Brown breeds are considered the most highly productive. The optimal period of detention at home is from 2 to 3 years. The average egg production per 1 year is 320 eggs. After that, their productivity decreases, so their breeding at a poultry farm becomes unprofitable in the future.
The best growing cycle for maintenance in autonomous farms is two years. From the beginning of oviposition to 90 weeks, an increase in egg mass occurs. On average, the egg reaches 62.5 g, the maximum weight is 72 g. Lohman Brown begins to rush at the age of 5 months. The whole growth period is 161 days. The highest egg production is observed at the age of 160-180 days. The weight of the hens is small: an adult cockerel has a weight of 3 kg, chicken - less than 2.
An incubation egg or a day old chicken can only be bought from German suppliers. Even with all its high survivability and unpretentiousness, only proper care will be the key to obtaining positive quality indicators, otherwise the farmer will have an average chicken in his hands with average indicators.
Chickens Loman Brown and their characteristics of the characteristics of raising chickens deserve special attention.
- On the first day you need to keep chickens at a temperature of 35 ° C, which is daily reduced by 2 °. The final temperature on day 42 is 18-20 ° C.
- In the first two days after hatching, the illumination should be around the clock. After they switch to a six-hour cycle. On the tenth day, young animals are transferred to the insolation cycle of adult chickens.
- The main factors of full development are timely vaccination and optimal oxygen supply.
How to equip a house
A properly equipped house is the key to the full development of birds. For Loman Brown, in the chicken coop, as a heater, wood sawdust or hay should be put on the floor. The shed should be equipped with perches, nests and drinking bowls. Perches are 50 mm long poles on which chickens rest. When building nests, it is necessary to take into account the size of the chickens, since Loman Brown has a rather large structure.
The nest must be set free so that the chicken can turn around in it. Feeders are preferably rectangular. On top of the feeders they put on nets with cells wide enough so that the chicken can freely stick its head in and get food. Specialized drinking bowls are installed at the poultry farm for free access to water; in autonomous farms, they can be replaced by medium-sized reservoirs dug in the ground.
The description of the breed speaks of high endurance, but even so, the bird can undergo a number of different diseases. One of the most common ailments is coccidosis. The carriers of the disease are wild birds and rodents. The therapy is carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian. For treatment, antibiotics are used in combination with coccivitis, avatek and sacox.
Ascoridosis is an ailment that affects birds of any breed. This is a nematode infection. Most often, young animals and chickens are so sick. Treat birds with piperazine. One of the most dangerous diseases is tuberculosis. The source of infection is the droppings of infected birds. It is very difficult to identify in the early stages. Nodules appear on the necks of birds, winged ones often shake their wings, become lethargic. If such an ailment is detected, the birds are slaughtered, and the corpses are burned.
What breeders say about the species
The feedback from most breeders is positive. The breed has its pros and cons. Among the pros note:
- high bio-productivity: chickens begin to rush as early as 5 months, despite the banal content;
- adaptability to any conditions.
The minuses include a short period of egg production and the impossibility of hatching at home. The price of the Loman Brown chicken is quite high. Today in Moscow you can buy wholesale or retail youngsters and cocks Loman Brown from trusted breeders. According to some reports, the Loman White breed has a longer period of bioproductivity.
They can be bred inside the species, although the indicators of hatched chickens will still be lower than that of the parental individuals. Most breeders form a repair herd, which is half of the first kind of hens, 30% of the second kind of hens and 20% of the third kind of animals. By the end of the second year, individuals of the first kind are assigned for slaughter. The big plus is that you can now buy hatching eggs and chickens in the Moscow region. How much the price will be depends on the variety of the breed and where the chicken was bred.