Characteristics of cucumbers varieties Real Colonel F1
Among many types of vegetable crops, the cucumber variety The real Colonel F1 stands out for its positive qualities. Planting and caring for this species is extremely simple, which often attracts novice farmers.
Characteristics of cucumbers varieties Real Colonel F1
At the same time, high palatability and abundant harvest allow you to recoup all the costs of cultivating the variety. For this reason, experienced entrepreneurs also prefer these cucumbers to many other species.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Characteristics of cucumbers This colonel has many positive qualities:
- resistance to common diseases;
- simultaneous ripening of fruits;
- weak weaving;
- growing cucumbers is possible for raw consumption and for preservation;
- the fruits do not acquire a bitter aftertaste;
- fruitfulness until the first frosts.
Despite the positive aspects, the variety also has disadvantages. In greenhouse conditions, the fruits are larger and juicier.
With temperature differences, a cavity may form inside the cucumbers. The seeds of this species have a long germination, while some of the seedlings do not bring a crop.
Growing seeds can be done using different methods. The most common are:
- trellis method;
- outdoor cultivation;
- use of greenhouses.
Between the rows, a distance of at least 50 cm should be maintained, otherwise the plant may suffocate due to heap growth. Excess moisture, as well as increased soil acidity, can also lead to negative consequences. First of all, this will affect the viability of the root system and the taste of the crop.
Where to drop off
Most often, this variety is planted using seedlings, but in the southern regions, sowing can be carried out in open soil. In a closed ground, in a greenhouse, it is recommended to plant seeds of higher quality. The bed under the seeds should be loose.
Dense rocks will not let moisture in, and the plant may dry out. Planting cucumbers This colonel F1 is recommended to be carried out on a site where tomatoes and potatoes grew a year earlier. Cucumber gives a good harvest on land that is rich in phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. The lack of mineral components can be made up artificially by mixing humus, wood ash and sand before planting.
When to plant
Planting seeds or seedlings should only be in the warm period. Frosts and temperature changes can cause seedlings to die. The average daily temperature mark should not fall below 14 ° C.
Bush needs fertilizer
During the period of active vegetation, a cucumber A real colonel needs certain conditions. These include:
- regular watering;
- top dressing of bushes;
- weaving formation.
You can water the bushes in greenhouse conditions once a week. Rainfall affects open soil moisture. In dry periods, cucumbers A real colonel needs to be irrigated once every two days. In this case, you need to ensure that excess moisture does not get on the stems and leaves of the bushes. This can lead to fungal diseases.
Watering cucumbers is necessary with warm, settled water. A similar procedure is best done in the evening. After each irrigation or rain, you should loosen the ground, because in the hot period the top layer will take up the crust and stop evaporating moisture.
Fertilizing plants must be carried out at a temperature not lower than 17 ° C. During the germination of seedlings, the culture needs mineral complexes containing nitrogen and potassium. During flowering and fruit ripening, special attention should be paid to phosphorus top dressing.
There are several common types of fertilizers that can be prepared at home. Among them are:
- infusion onion peel, which serves as fertilizer and pest prevention;
- serum solution with iodine;
- diluted mullein;
- chicken droppings.
If in the autumn the soil was well fertilized with organic components, then during the growth period cucumbers do not need additional fertilizing. Excess minerals can negatively affect the taste of the fruit. Too much nitrogen in the soil can lead to crop deformation.
Scourges with fruits must be tied up
Variety A real colonel does not need to form bushes, since lashes of this species grow slowly. During the ripening period, the extra processes are cut off by secateurs, however, it is not recommended to touch the main stem and initial lateral lashes. In a greenhouse, lashes are grown vertically. Hybrid This colonel F1 grows for a long time, but during the ripening period, the lashes must be tied to the base of the greenhouse.
How to tie
Using trellis can greatly facilitate the care and treatment of bushes, while using this method, the whips receive an equal amount of sunlight. The basis for the design must be strong and reliable. If the frame is poorly fixed in the ground, wind and rain can cause mechanical injury to plants.
For the manufacture of the base, wooden shafts or metal pipes should be used. A trellis net is pulled onto the frame, which is fixed with ropes. The height of the structure must be at least 2 m.
The bed under the trellis is fertilized with humus and spuds as cucumbers grow. As soon as the bushes reach a height of up to 30 cm, they must be cut.
The hybrid origin makes the variety resistant to many standard fungal and bacterial diseases. However, their prevention finally minimizes the risk of infection of the bushes. Rapid ripening of the fruits does not allow the use of potent chemicals, as this will make the crop toxic. However, the bushes can be treated with solutions made at home:
- To prevent powdery mildew, a mixture of iodine, milk and soap is prepared. 25 drops of iodine, 1 liter of milk and 1 spoon of soap are added to a bucket of water. This solution should be sprayed on the foliage of the bushes.
- Gray rot is vulnerable to baking soda diluted in water.
- The risk of infection of bacteriosis is reduced by two tablets of Trichopolum per 1 liter of water.
Among insects, the variety is susceptible to attack by spider mites and slugs. The fight against them should begin in the fall, digging the site and leaving it to freeze. This will lead to the death of weeds and larvae of harmful insects.
If pests settled on the bushes during the growth period, then they can be removed using improvised means. These insects are afraid of the smell of garlic and onions. Also between the rows you can sow dill, which scares away many pests.
Description of the variety This colonel contains many positive qualities. They include a plentiful harvest and resistance to many diseases.
The hybrid origin makes this type of cucumber unpretentious in care. The variety compensates for incomplete germination by a large number of fruits and good taste.