Characteristics of Christina cucumbers
Cucumbers are widely distributed throughout the world. They are consumed raw or prepared for the winter. The variety of cucumbers Christina F1 due to its hybrid origin has many positive qualities. The article provides a detailed description of the variety.
Characteristics of Christina cucumbers
Characteristics of Christina cucumbers:
- Productivity 10 kg with 1 m².
- The fruiting period is 40-42 days. The variety is considered to be ripe.
- Fruits are of universal importance, but more often the species is used for conservation.
The plant is parthenocarpic. Landing is carried out both in open and in closed ground. When growing on the site, it is recommended to cover the shoots with foil. For ease of care, you can use trellis frames. This will contribute to the uniform development of lashes.
Cristina F1 cucumbers grow in a temperate climate zone. The culture tolerates adverse conditions and is suitable for summer cottage landings.
Medium-branching weave, with accelerated growth. Flowering female type. Ovaries form 2-3 fruits. This type of formation of cucumbers controls their growth, so the fruits do not outgrow with the uneven collection of greenhouses.
The leaves are dark green in color, medium in size. Bushes are indeterminate, with a powerful central stem.
Fruits have the following qualities:
- length - 8-10 cm;
- diameter - 2.2 cm;
- Zelentsy weight - 50-90 g;
The pulp has a crispy texture, it lacks voids and a bitter aftertaste. The shape of the cucumbers is cylindrical. The skin is covered with small tubercles and white spikes.
Harvesting gherkins should be done every two days. The variety is not suitable for growing pickles.
Hybrids of the F1 series are unpretentious, but favorable conditions will increase the quality of the crop. For good fruiting, cucumbers need:
- watering mode;
- top dressing;
- weeding and lash formation.
The plant requires abundant watering
Cucumbers require a large amount of liquid. Before the formation of ovaries, 6 liters should be applied in dry weather and 3 liters after rain. During the formation of greens, cucumber needs up to 10 liters during drought and 6 liters after precipitation. It is recommended to irrigate the ground in the morning with warm water. Evening watering during early planting can lead to hypothermia of the roots due to temperature instability.
Rain or watering leads to the formation of an earth crust, which inhibits the development of bushes. After irrigation, the soil must be loosened. However, weeding and hilling should be carried out carefully, since the root system is dangerously close to the soil surface.
Fertilizer must be applied at least once during the entire growing season. As a top dressing, you can use standard nitrogen and potassium mixtures. It is also possible to fertilize plants during irrigation. To do this, prepare such solutions:
- onion infusion on the husk;
- diluted mullein and chicken droppings.
It should be remembered that feeding of animal origin attract many harmful insects. If neighboring areas are infected with a bear or whitefly, then chicken droppings should not be used as fertilizers.
Trimming lashes can improve the quality of cucumbers. The formation of the bush is carried out a week before the fruiting. It is necessary to cut the lower side shoots. However, it is important to maintain the integrity of the central stem and the upper lashes - they are responsible for the formation of future greens.
Pests and diseases
The hybrid origin of the Christina F1 variety allows him to avoid many common diseases. However, timely prevention will help to finally reduce the risk of infection and protect the bushes from pests. Processing is carried out once a season, before fruiting.
The early ripeness of the variety does not allow the use of potent agrochemicals. Such mixtures can lead to toxicity of the fruit. Most preventative solutions can be prepared at home with the help of organic and mineral products:
- Powdery mildew is a common disease in cucumbers. The cause of the occurrence is hypothermia of the root system. Also, the disease occurs due to more nitrogen in the soil. As a prophylaxis, a solution based on milk with the addition of iodine and soap should be used.
- Increased humidity in the area leads to the appearance of peronosporosis. Sour milk products will help prevent the disease. They should be brought under the root of the bushes.
- White and gray rot affect the root system and stem. The reason is excess moisture. In the fight against the disease, a urea solution should be used. For 10 l of liquid, 10 g of the drug is diluted.
Diseases are a lesser threat to hybrid varieties. Pests cause great damage to the bushes. Some of them attack the stems and root system. Others destroy the fruits.
The most common harmful insects are aphids and slugs. Pest prevention should be carried out in the fall, during the preparation of the soil for winter. Before freezing, the soil should be dug up and left to freeze. This will destroy the pest larvae and weed seed.
It is also recommended to plant onion and garlic between the rows. The smell of these plants repels many insects. Some farmers plant dill for the same purpose. Immediately before planting, the seeds should be calcined. This will strengthen the immunity of the bushes.
Cristina F1 cucumber variety is suitable for growing on private plots and on an industrial scale. The quality of the fruits of this hybrid is not inferior to Western counterparts, but it is more unpretentious in care.