Characteristics of Chio Chio San Tomatoes
Tomato Chio Chio San is one of the most popular varieties among summer residents. It combines high yield and excellent fruit quality.
Characteristics of Chio Chio San Tomatoes
Due to its unpretentiousness and resistance to temperature extremes, tomato grows well throughout Russia, except for its northern regions. The variety is really very good and also versatile, as it is suitable for both salad and preservation.
There are few gardeners who are not familiar with the tomato variety Chio Cio San. Its varietal characteristics are the result of the long work of breeders.
The variety belongs to the first generation hybrids (f1), so the collected seeds do not retain varietal characteristics. Every year, to grow this crop, you need to purchase planting material.
The description of tomatoes Chio Chio San indicates that they are resistant to various diseases, as well as to sudden changes in temperature. The variety is high-yielding. With one square meter of land you can get more than 10 kilograms of fruit.
The plant is very tall. Shoots, with proper care, reach a height of more than two meters. Since the bush does not have a stem, it must be formed. Higher productivity is guaranteed by the formation of a bush in two shoots. Important timely removal of stepsons and garter. Heavy clusters with tomatoes are also tied up as they mature.
The ovary begins to form after 8-9 leaves and then after every third. The leaves are small, dark green, very pubescent, like the stem of the plant.
Tomatoes Chio Chio San outwardly resemble cherry, but larger. The weight of each of them reaches about 35-45 grams. The fruits are oval, and the color can vary from red to dark pink. Also, tomatoes can be described as follows:
- the walls are thick, fleshy;
- seed chambers are small, with a small number of small seeds;
- the pulp is juicy, moderately dense;
- the taste is expressed tomato, sweet.
Due to their small size, the fruits are excellent for canning whole, and also look good in combined workpieces. They are used to make fresh salads and sauces. Thanks to the elastic peel, tomatoes for a long time retain their presentation and easily tolerate transportation.
Like most varieties, this variety is grown in seedlings. To get a good harvest, you need to take care of the quality of planting material. It is best to grow seedlings yourself, but for this you need to know how to do it right. Errors can spoil the seedlings, and the desired result will not be obtained.
Seeds of tomato Chio Chio San are very small, which makes their planting problematic. The depth of the seeds should not exceed 0.5 - 1 centimeter. Otherwise, the sprout will not be able to hatch normally.
Planting material must be processed before planting. To do this, the seeds are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 1-2 hours. After they are planted in prepared soil consisting of:
- fertile soil;
- overripe manure.
At the bottom of the box lay drainage. This is important, because an excess of moisture in the soil can lead to decay of the delicate roots of tomatoes.
Yield depends on the conditions of detention
After sprouts appear, they need special care. It consists in timely watering and maintaining a comfortable room temperature, which is 24-26⁰ C.
But this is not all that is needed to grow seedlings. Also important:
- maintain air humidity;
- to feed;
- remove diseased and underdeveloped sprouts.
The conditions under which tomatoes were grown will determine their health and productivity. Judging by the reviews, some gardeners use growth stimulants.
After 2-3 real leaves are formed, they are dived into separate glasses. Tomatoes are deepened to cotyledons. This improves the development of the root system.
You can plant tomatoes in open ground for 50-60 days after the appearance of the first sprouts.
ъ You also need to consider the likelihood of return frosts. Tomatoes can be planted in film shelters much earlier
Tomatoes are planted in holes at a distance of 50-60 centimeters from each other. According to some reviews, summer residents receive good yields with more thickened plantings. At the bottom of the hole stack up to 2 kilograms of rotted manure, creating a breeding ground for tomato. Immediately after planting, it is necessary to install garter trellises, as the bush grows rapidly.
For the full development of tomatoes, it is necessary to provide them with all useful substances. Without top dressing, plants begin to grow poorly, do not form an ovary and often get sick.
The following types of fertilizers are used as top dressing:
- Nitrogen fertilizers - contribute to the active growth of the aerial parts of tomatoes, as well as the formation of ovaries. The first time they are fed 2 weeks after transplanting, and the second during flowering.
- Phosphorus fertilizers - helps to build rhizomes. A well-developed root ensures the normal development of the bush and ensures the absorption of nutrients from the soil. Top dressing is carried out 2 weeks after transplanting to a permanent place, as well as during the ripening of fruits.
- Potash fertilizers - make the culture more resistant to the negative effects of the environment and diseases. Top dressing is carried out once a week throughout the entire period of formation and ripening of tomatoes.
Excellent reviews have a comprehensive top dressing of tomatoes, as well as the introduction of organic fertilizers. You can use wood ash and herbal infusions for these purposes.
Watered bushes under the root with warm water.
Cold water from the well can cause irreparable harm to the rhizome, damaging its most delicate parts. Since the variety is susceptible to cracking of the fruit due to excessive waterlogging, it is necessary to check the soil before the next watering. It is also recommended to loosen the top layer before this.
Although the variety is slightly susceptible to fungal diseases, violations of agricultural technology and irrigation norms can trigger an outbreak of late blight. If the bush is affected by late blight, then on the leaves, stems and fruits, you can notice black spots that quickly increase in size. Such specimens must be urgently removed and burned away from the beds.
In addition to fungal diseases, waterlogging of the soil can lead to the development of root rot. The plant withers, and the leaves become yellowish. The bush stops growing and does not form fruits.
Prevention of diseases of the nightshade family is quite simple and consists in the timely removal of stepsons, as well as excess leaves at the base of the shoots. This improves natural ventilation and protects the tomato from late blight.
It is also important to observe crop rotation rules and not to plant the same crop in one place for several years in a row. In addition to diseases, such negligence can attract pests to the garden. Plants remaining after harvesting also need to be removed from the site.
Tomato Chio Chio San is a universal high-yielding variety. It is this factor that makes it a favorite variety of many summer residents. Even with minimal physical costs, you can get a plentiful harvest even from the smallest garden.
Among other things, the variety is also popular because tomatoes are sung very amicably. It is convenient for canning, as well as selling tomatoes.