Characteristics of Bettina cucumbers
Among vegetable crops, cucumbers are deservedly popular. Their cultivation is widespread both at the industrial level and in private areas. Bettina Cucumber F1 has many positive characteristics due to its hybrid origin.
Characteristics of Bettina cucumbers
The variety was bred in order to obtain the maximum yield under adverse conditions. This factor contributes to the fact that plants show high resistance to the most common diseases and at the same time require minimal care.
Bettina F1 cucumbers have a number of features characteristic of this type of plant:
- Zelentsy tastes less pleasant than the fruits of other salad varieties. And therefore they are used mainly for industrial purposes, for factory preservation.
- Harvesting is carried out on day 42. This culture belongs to the category of early ripe species.
- The quantity of a commodity exit in fruits reaches 5 kg from 1 m².
Bettin cucumbers are suitable for both open type cultivation and indoor. Before planting in the soil, seeds are recommended to germinate. Seedling method to accelerate the formation of fruits and strengthen the bushes. Also, when planting this species, you can use trellises. This will facilitate the care of the lashes, and increase the yield.
The culture feels best in a mild climate, but at the same time tolerates small temperature fluctuations. Due to the minimum requirements for care and growth conditions, the variety can be used as a room variety (grown on a windowsill or a warm balcony).
Medium-branched weaving, indeterminate main stalk. A characteristic type of flowering hybrid plant species. The number of fertile nodes (ovaries) is from 1 to 3 in the leaf sinuses.
The foliage is light green, the size of the plates is medium in open ground conditions, increased in conditions of greenhouse cultivation. Nodes form from 2 to 4 greenhouses.
The price of cucumbers of this variety depends on their appearance. Harvest for sale should have the following characteristics:
- the length of the fetus is 10-12 cm;
- diameter - 3 cm;
- average weight - 70 g.
The pulp of Bettin F1 cucumbers lacks cavities and bitterness. Crispy consistency is not lost after salting. The shape of the fruit is cylindrical. Seeds are underdeveloped or not available.
The surface is medium-hilly, with white spikes. The skin color is mostly dark green, in some cases, depending on the conditions of the soil and watering, yellow spots or stripes may appear. This color is considered the norm in soil with a high content of natural acids. The variety is grown in order to obtain gherkins. The optimal harvesting scheme: 1 time in 2-3 days.
Hybrids of the F1 series have good stress resistance and are unpretentious in care. However, the organization of favorable conditions allows you to grow a crop of the highest quality. The bushes need:
- timely top dressing;
- lash formation.
You need to water in the morning with warm water
The amount of moisture consumed depends on the period of growth of the bushes. Before the flowering period, the norm will be: about 6 liters of liquid per 1 m² with drought and 4 liters per area in a temperate climate. Ripening of greens affects the fluid needs of the culture. The rate should be increased to 9 l 1 m² in drought and to 6 l in temperate climates.
Bettin's cucumbers require breathable soil and can abruptly stop growing and die if the top ball of soil dries and takes on a crust. After watering, the soil must be fluffed (dug up). However, hilling should be carried out carefully, since the root system of these plants is in dangerously close to the surface of the site.
Watering is recommended in the morning with warm water. At night, excess moisture in the ground can lead to hypothermia of the roots.
Top dressing is applied once during the growth period, in the second week of vegetation. The variety accepts nitrogen and potash fertilizers well. You can also additionally feed plants with mixtures prepared at home:
- onion infusion;
- serum solution with iodine;
- bird droppings diluted in water.
In addition, it is possible to enrich water for irrigation. 10 g of urea are diluted in 10 l of liquid.
Bushes of this variety do not need serious adjustment of lashes with an open method of cultivation. For a good harvest, trim 2–3 of the lower shoots. The central stalk should remain intact - it is on it that the green leaves form.
In cases where cucumbers are grown in a closed greenhouse, garter lashes and pruning play an important role in a period of intensive growth. When the main stalk reaches the top of the trellis it must be stopped. It is important not to twist the stems very densely, otherwise they will interfere with each other.
Depending on how quickly the plot with cucumbers is overgrown with weeds, weeding must also pass. Do not forget that if the lashes are not tied, they quickly cover the soil around the main stem and drown out and the weed grass does not grow there. But if the lashes are tied up, the overgrowing of the soil with grass is more intense. In order not to start the site, weeding is carried out once a week.
Diseases and Pests
View Bettina F1 has innate immunity to common diseases. However, timely prevention will help to finally reduce the risk of the disease.
Early ripening varieties are not processed with heavy chemistry, as this can lead to the toxicity of greenhouses. Solutions of organic and mineral origin help prevent diseases:
- Powdery mildew will not touch the bushes that are processed with a mixture of milk, iodine and soap. The solution should be applied to the leaves of the culture.
- Gray root rot is vulnerable to water with baking soda.
- Bacteriosis is not dangerous for plants that have been treated with Trichopolum. 2 tablets should be diluted in 1 liter of water.
Insects can do more harm to Zelents than disease. Of particular danger are slugs and spider mites. To get rid of pests, you need to dig a bed in the autumn and leave the soil freezing.
Between the rows you can plant garlic and onions. This will drive many pests off the site.
Immediately before germination, the seeds should be calcined. Cucumber grains do not need to be soaked, but they can be treated with potassium or sulfate solution for better growth.
Betina F1 Cucumber is a self-pollinating hybrid. The description of this type of culture contains many positive qualities.
Early ripeness and good keeping quality make this Dutch variety competitive in the market. It should also be noted disease resistance and high productivity.