Characteristics of Bere pears

Pear Bere - one of the most famous varieties. It has many species, each of which is popular throughout Europe.

Characteristics of Bere pears

Grade characteristics

All varieties of the variety have different characteristics. Each individual species differs in the fruit ripening period, appearance and parameters. Varieties of the family ripen at different times, but most of them - in the fall.

Tree description

The Bere pear variety, as described, is of medium height, but with a large crown. Over the years, the deciduous cover becomes thick, and the crown becomes wide.

Shoots and trunk are thick, oval-shaped leaves with rounded ends. The flowering period occurs in the late period, therefore, inflorescences are not affected by return frosts.

Fruit Description

According to the description, the fruits of the Bere family reach 200-300 g.

Their skin is yellow, yellow-green, golden, greenish or red. The fruits ripen from late July to early November. The average shelf life of fruits is up to a month.

Summer varieties

These are special varieties that bear fruit from mid-July to the end of August, and in some northern regions of Europe even in the fall. Fruits are tender and sensitive to storage conditions, therefore they are stored for no more than 3 weeks.

Grade Golden

Golden pear received by breeders in Belarus. After planting, at least 5 years must pass before the tree begins to bear fruit. Usually it bears fruit in late August, fruits remain in good condition for about a week.

The trunks reach a height of up to 3 m and have good resistance to bacterial cancer and scab. The bush tolerates winter time and is resistant to low temperatures.

Bere Giffard

Giffar variety has a low tree and does not require special conditions for growth.

When a tree grows up, growth slows down, but resistance to cold increases and productivity increases. The fruits are not prone to scab disease, but are sometimes able to catch fruit rot.

Summer Beach

Pear Bera, or Summer, early and early: it gives fruit with 4 or 5 years of growth, is resistant to low temperatures.

After 15 years, its yield reaches 120 kg of dessert fruits. The bush bears fruit in early August, the fruits are resistant to scab.

Autumn varieties

Autumn varieties are resistant to frost.

Autumn varieties are characterized by low crop resistance. The fruits are soft and sweet, so they can not withstand high temperatures and adverse weather conditions. Harvested, starting in September and ending in early October.

Harvested fruits ripen at home and improve palatability. Such fruits, under the right conditions, are stored for up to 70 days. Most varieties are resistant to frost.

Russian Bere

Pear Bere Russian is resistant to low temperatures and good yield.

The fruits are tasty and stored for a long time. Russian pear is resistant to various diseases and has no significant drawbacks.

Bere Clergeau

Clergyot is a subspecies that bears fruit for 4-5 years after planting and tolerates low temperatures well.

The fruits ripen and fall quickly. The fruits are very sweet, able to be stored for up to a month, are resistant to scab, but are sometimes affected by the moth.

Moscow

Moscow pear - the result of selection of several summer and autumn varieties. This is a quick-growing variety, seedlings bear fruit already 3 years after planting.

The bush bears fruit on short branches. The fruits themselves are soft and juicy, if they are not removed on time, they quickly ripen. Resistant to disease and cold.

Krasnokutskaya

Krasnokutskaya pear has been bearing fruit for 4 years, it is winter hardy and scab resistant.

The pear has a high yield: for 15 years of life brings up to 130 kg of fruit. Fruit is picked from the end of September.

Bere Bosque

The variety is characterized by high productivity

Bere Bosque pear is one of the most popular autumn varieties of the family. Bosk is able to reach large sizes and has a good yield. Fruiting begins from 6-7 years after planting.

Ripening of fruits occurs already in September. The fruits of the Bosque tree are large, stored for up to a month. Typically, ripe fruits hold firmly on the branches and do not crumble even after ripening.

Luke

Bere Luca pear is a late autumn variety bred in France. It has high resistance to scab and Septoria, regularly bears fruit.

The variety has small fruits with a greenish tint, yellow or green skin color, characterized by good density. The first fruits are harvested in November.

Winter varieties

Winter varieties are sung by mid-autumn. They are grown in regions with a mild climate, where in November there are no frosts yet.

Overripe fruit must not be allowed, otherwise the fruit will fall off, damage the shell and lose its unique mild taste. Late winter pear is stored for up to 5 months at a temperature of 3-5 ° C.

Kiev Bere

The Kiev variety is early-growing and bears fruit already for 4 years after planting. Young trees may not produce large crops, but later the owners will be highly fertile.

The pear is not afraid of low temperatures and lack of moisture, it is resistant to diseases. In good conditions, the fetus is stored for up to 3 months.

Winter Michurin Beach

Michurin's Winter Bere Pear is the result of the crossing of the Ussuri Wild and Royal varieties. It is resistant to cold, prone to scab.

The variety regularly and stably bears fruit from 6-7 years after planting. The fruits are sweet and versatile to use.

Bere Ardanpon

The pear variety Ardanpon Bere was bred in Belgium in the 18th century. The seedling was named after the discoverer of an unknown pear. This is the latest variety, it is very demanding on growing conditions.

Ardanpon Bere is unstable to low temperatures, but gives a good harvest, the fruits are stored for a long time. Productivity depends on the region of cultivation, and the fruits themselves are stored for up to 4 months.

Growing rules

Varieties Bere undemanding to growing conditions. They grow well on light and loose soils with medium humidity.

If the tree grows in shade or in wetlands, the yield will not be high, but there are some recommendations when growing:

  • when planting a young tree, you need to provide him with all the conditions for growth, as well as trim the upper branches with leaves;
  • At the first stages of growth, organic and nitrogen-containing fertilizing should be used to improve tree growth;
  • all trees require fertilizers with potassium, so you need to constantly monitor the composition of the soil;
  • in dry and hot weather, it is necessary to water each plant 3-4 times a day in a volume of 3 buckets of water;
  • in mid-autumn, digging the soil to a depth of not more than 15 cm should be carried out.

The rest is an undemanding variety, resistant to low temperatures. Bere is resistant to disease, but not insured against pests. Among the infections, scab, cytosporosis and rust are the most common.

Conclusion

There are many popular varieties of the Bere family: Bere Ligel, Bere Loshitskaya, Bere Dricha, Bere Shuyskaya, Bere Slutskaya or Bere Morettini and others. All varieties have excellent yields and fruits with good taste.

Caring for Bere is standard - even a novice summer resident is able to succeed in growing these beautiful pears.

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