Characteristics of Beijing cabbage cultivar Bilko F1
Beijing cabbage Bilko F1 is appreciated by gardeners for their unpretentiousness. The plant feels great on the beds in all regions of the middle lane, and also grows in the conditions of a short Siberian summer.
Characteristics of Beijing cabbage cultivar Bilko F1
Peking cabbage of the Bilko F1 variety is a mid-season hybrid that can yield crops in regions with a warm climate and regions with a short summer. The ripening period of the culture is 70 days from the moment the first leaflets appear. Sowing is done from the end of January (for early harvesting) and not later than the end of March (for late harvesting). The vegetable is undemanding to the duration of daylight hours, however, later seed placement does not guarantee the desired crop.
Vegetables can be grown both in open beds and in combined greenhouses. Those who decide to get the crop out of season are recommended to highlight the plants. This is done using specialized phytolamps.
Bilko Beijing cabbage is grown in seedlings and seedlings. Seedlings that have not undergone picking and transplanting can produce crops after 60 days after germination. Plants need watering and protection from temperature extremes. An important condition for obtaining a decent amount of product is to prevent thickening of plantings. For 1 square. no more than 6 plants are planted.
Description of a head of cabbage
Heads of Beijing Bilko F1 differ from forks of any other variety or hybrid in the form of leaves and their color. The seedlings of the plant resemble the Savoy variety of vegetables, but the leaves of Beijing are much thinner and more tender. The ripened fruit looks like a barrel. When compressing the head, a characteristic crunch is heard.
The forks of Peking Bilko, owned by Dutch breeding, are of medium density. The length of the stalk is average, but compared with the size of the fetus itself, it is almost invisible. The head of cabbage can reach 30 cm. The ripened vegetable in cross section has a dark yellow color, but the outer leaves still remain dark green.
The maximum mass of one head reaches 2 kg. Vegetability is average, but in the refrigerator, the product can be stored in cut form for 3 weeks without loss of taste. It is suitable for long transportation.
In the taste of an Asian vegetable of this variety, bitterness is completely absent. Also, it does not have a pronounced aroma inherent in many fruits of this family.
Beijing has long been a favorite culinary product. Delicate leaves are good in any performance, but the vegetable is famous not only for its taste, it is full of minerals and vitamins.
Bilko variety cabbage is used for cooking:
- stuffed cabbage.
Vegetables in marinade, as well as leaves fried in breadcrumbs or deep-fried, are very tasty. From it prepare preparations for the winter: sour, salt and canned.
Vegetables can be fried or stewed in a frying pan without oil, and then used to cook stews, toppings in pies and pies, dumplings or muffins.
Dishes made from this vegetable are very healthy. Treats are recommended for people suffering from:
- vitamin deficiency;
- fluid retention in the body.
Dishes from an Asian vegetable are useful for anemia and disorders of the liver and spleen. Bilko Beijing cabbage is not recommended for people with gastrointestinal tract problems: pancreatitis, ulcers and gastritis, increased acidity of gastric juice.
Caring for cabbage is easy
The Beijing Bilko variety is unpretentious in care. Subject to the rules of cultivation with 1 square. m collect up to 7 kg of fruit.
Care for Bilko cabbage is:
- selection and preparation of a plot for growing seedlings;
- cultivating seedlings in compliance with the requirements for lighting and humidity in the room;
- landing in a permanent place;
- treatment from pests and diseases.
The plot for growing seedlings should have nutritious soil with a predominant nitrogen content. The best predecessors of Peking are cultures of the nightshade family, as well as cucumbers and zucchini.
Peking seedlings are transplanted when the plant forms forks, and the air temperature does not drop below 15 ° C at night. Planting seedlings of Asian vegetables is performed in the same way as planting seedlings of ordinary cabbage.
During the growth of plants and the formation of heads of cabbage, the earth in the beds is enriched with wood ash. Seedlings do not need other fertilizers during the formation period, because the fruits are able to accumulate all substances in themselves.
At all stages of cultivation, the plant requires high humidity, so it is recommended to mulch the aisles. Watering the plants is carried out as needed, but it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out at the base of the culture.
Pests and diseases
The variety of Beijing cabbage Bilko F1 is resistant to Fusarium, keel, downy mildew, but is very attracted by insects.
It is impossible to use pesticides for the treatment of beds, therefore, exclusively gentle methods are used for control. The main ingredients of pest repellent mixtures are foods and spices:
- infusion of black ground pepper;
- mustard seed powder;
- ground red pepper.
All bulk solids are scattered in the rows between the mulch, the plants are sprayed with an aqueous agent based on ground pepper. The appearance of slugs and snails is prevented by ash. Parasites that are not afraid of treatments should be collected manually and then exterminated. These manipulations allow you to save the crop.
Anyone who has already grown this vegetable is satisfied with Bilko F1 Peking cabbage. The plant has an impressive head size. Dishes made from Beijing cabbage have a delicate taste and aroma.