Characteristics of Asterix potatoes
It is difficult to find a person who would not like potato dishes. Therefore, almost all gardeners and farmers grow its various varieties. Some focus on early and mid-ripening varieties, while others prefer late-ripening vegetables. One of the most beloved consumers of medium-late varieties is Asterix potatoes. A large set of positive qualities made it universal when compared with other species that are grown in different regions of the country.
Characteristics of Asterix potatoes
A long ripening period makes it possible to ensure the planting of a vegetable with all the necessary measures for growing high-quality products. You can harvest the fruits ahead of schedule for personal use, but yield will decrease.
The average yield of Asterix potatoes is usually about 200c / ha. The maximum yield of up to 275c / ha, according to experienced potato growers, can be achieved by fulfilling all the requirements for care.
Asterix is a potato whose characteristic will not be complete, if not to say that ripe tubers are perfectly stored at a temperature of about 7 ° C. Until the new crop, they do not lose weight, remain elastic and retain their taste.
Asterix potato cultivar can be cultivated in the Central regions, on the fields of the Middle Volga region and the Far East. This is especially valuable because not many varieties are suitable for growing in these places.
Advantages of potatoes
We can note some positive features of this vegetable:
- From the appearance of seedlings to harvesting takes 4 months.
- The yield of tubers is high.
- Taste is excellent.
- Marketability of products at the level of 90%.
- It is well preserved and tolerates transportation.
Some varieties of potatoes can darken when they are cutting tubers for cooking main dishes or potato pancakes. This potato is free from such a flaw. Dishes turn out beautiful color, delicate texture.
The Asterix potato variety is immune to many viruses, including:
- late blight on the stems and tubers;
- phomosis and twisting of leaves.
Also, it does not respond to the presence in the soil of a golden cyst-forming nematode parasitizing on the roots of nightshade crops.
When fertilizing plots, attention should be paid to organic matter. Using manure, you can increase productivity by 50%. It is desirable to introduce superphosphate into the soil.
The main disadvantage can be considered that these vegetables require increased attention when growing. But gardeners, confident that they will cope with all the problems, easily get quality products.
The main enemy of this potato is the Y virus. From him, the plant does not have immunity. If the plantings are infected, then nothing will save them.
The best way to fight is prevention. In order to prevent infection, it is necessary to treat young plants with insecticides. After all, it is aphids and cicadas that transmit the virus. By destroying these pests, you can protect the potatoes.
High erect stems of a ribbed plant. They are well leafy, but foliage may crumble at the bottom if the bushes are poorly lit. The leaves are large, open type, without waviness along the edge. Their color is dark green.
The bush has a dark green color.
Flowers are collected in apical simple inflorescences. Petals fused at the base, painted in red and purple tones. Pollinated naturally, but few berries are tied, and even they can fall.
Description of tubers
The starch content in the tubers is 17%, which makes it possible to cook various dishes. Vegetables keep their shape well when cooked. On an industrial scale, it is from this variety that chips are most often produced. The potato is called chips, thanks to its such features.
The tubers are beautiful red.
Their shape is elongated, oval, slightly elongated. The peel is smooth and small eyes are visible on it. The potato is resistant to mechanical damage such as compression or shock during transport. It does not lose shape and does not darken if the peel gets abrasions.
Asterix is a potato variety whose description can be ended by the fact that the mass of its tubers ranges from 70g to 120g. When cut, the flesh is saturated yellow. Starchiness is clearly visible in the form of a matte coating.
Seed Potato Preparation
When harvesting, you need to immediately sort the crop. Select seed potatoes and tubers for storage. For planting, medium-sized potatoes are suitable.
In the spring, a month before planting, it needs to be germinated and landscaped. For this, tubers are brought into a room with a temperature of at least 10 ° C and laid out in 2 layers in boxes. The boxes are brought to light in order to form solanine in the tubers, a toxic substance that can destroy insects in the first time after planting potatoes.
With an eye height of about 2 cm, you can process potatoes with Prestige and plant them.
The soil must be fertilized with humus in the fall: 40 buckets per hundredth. You can add complex mineral fertilizers to it. The main thing is that the nitrogen content is not large. With its excess, plants can die.
The ridges form at a distance of 60 cm from one another and orient them from south to north. With this arrangement, the bushes will be well and evenly lit all day. This promotes the formation of chlorophyll and helps the plant to fully eat.
Between the landing pits should be left 25cm. In each well put 1 tsp. potassium salt, and phosphates. A handful of ash will protect the tubers from late blight, and a handful of onion husks from small insects and wireworms.
After planting the tubers, you need to wait for seedlings and proceed to the first hilling. It is necessary in case of frost on the soil. In the process of growth, other activities are carried out, such as:
- weeding and loosening;
- insect control.
Planting should be watered at least 3 times in arid regions. When watering, fertilizers are applied, both mineral and organic.
Do not use fresh manure. It must first be prepared in order not to burn the plants. Take a container, which 1: 1 is filled with organic and water. The mixture is left to ferment for 2 weeks. Then they dilute 1:10 with water and water the soil. After watering or rain, the ground must be loosened.
The characteristic says that insect control comes down to collecting the adults of the Colorado potato beetle and processing insecticides from aphids, beetle larvae and cicadas. Apply Aktara, Ratibor and other drugs, a description of the recipes for their preparation is always on the packaging.
Experienced potato growers and gardeners with little experience can grow Asterix potatoes. The description tells in detail about the advantages and disadvantages of the variety. When working, you need to follow the recommendations, timely feed and prevent from diseases. Your work will help to get high-quality and large-scale harvest of environmentally friendly products. And hundreds of recipes will provide a huge selection of dishes that will decorate the table, will delight you with a delicate aroma and excellent taste.