Characteristics and rules for growing pumpkins Russian woman
Pumpkin Rossiyanka is a new variety bred by Russian breeders. The fruits are sweet, large, their mass reaches 60 kg. They are stored for a long time without changing the taste. The variety has a rich composition, which includes a huge amount of vitamins, minerals and nutrients.
Characteristics and rules for growing pumpkins Russian woman
This species is a large-fruited, early ripe, productive plant, which is characterized by medium climbing, resistance to cold, unpretentiousness in growing. This variety has a powerful root system, a wide leaf apparatus and whips up to 3 m long.
Technical maturity of the fetus occurs 90-100 days after germination. The plant is small in size and can be grown both on a small area and on a trellis in an upright position.
It feels great in open ground with proper care and with previously applied organic fertilizers.
Fruits are large in size, rounded in shape, with flesh of an orange color and have excellent taste and marketability. The peel is firm, smooth, contains a lot of zinc, so it is recommended to cut it during the preparation of pumpkin for cooking all kinds of dishes.
The Russian pumpkin variety can be used both in raw and processed form. It is boiled, fried, baked, used to make candied fruits, preserves, mashed potatoes, juices.
The pulp contains a large amount of sucrose, so it is sweet, delicate and has a pleasant melon aroma. The high content of carotene and potassium in pumpkin pulp favorably affects the human body:
- promotes skin rejuvenation;
- It is a good protective tool against diseases;
- burns extra calories while losing weight.
The seeds have a lot of fatty acids, proteins, zinc, magnesium and vitamin D. They help to overcome acne and other skin rashes. Seeds are recommended for use by people who suffer from diseases of the stomach, liver, heart.
A distinctive feature of Russian women is its high productivity. With proper care, subject to all cultivation standards, it varies from 18 to 25 kg from one bush. In industrial conditions, up to 30 tons of fruits can be harvested from 1 ha.
To get a good harvest, you must follow simple rules:
- before sowing, superphosphate, potassium salt, nitrate are added to the previously prepared cultivation site;
- special attention should be paid to regular weeding, loosening and watering.
Advantages and disadvantages
The variety is resistant to various diseases.
Pumpkin cultivars Rossiyanka is evaluated by gardeners positively. This is a valuable product with a unique taste that deserves attention. Its advantages include:
- the variety is undemanding to the mechanical composition of the soil and its fertility;
- almost all fruits are the same size;
- differs in ease in cultivation;
- has good fruiting and early ripening, unlike other varieties;
- has resistance to various diseases;
- well transported and stored until a new crop.
The only drawback of pumpkin is that seeds of poor quality are often found. They may be empty or damaged.
A Russian woman is grown both by seedling and by sowing seeds into the ground. Before this, you need to prepare the material. Large, full seeds are selected and prepared for sowing. For this, germination must be applied.
The selected seeds are soaked for 3 hours in water, then spread on any wet material and kept at room temperature until they start to hatch.
To increase resistance to cold weather conditions, the seed material is kept in the refrigerator for 3 to 5 days, and then they are sown. Planting scheme - 60x60 cm, and deepening into the earth is carried out at a distance of 3-4 cm below the soil surface.
Seedling method of cultivation is used to obtain an earlier crop. To sow material, use special pots, they put in them a pre-prepared soil mixture, and then germinated seeds.
After the emergence of seedlings, there should be proper care of the seedlings - watering, loosening the earth and hardening.
Seedlings are placed in open ground a month after emergence. Before planting, you need to make sure that the soil has warmed up to 18 ° C. Thanks to this, plants will grow faster.
Before planting the material, they dig the earth for several days and make fertilizers, which include nitrogen. Their amount should be approximately 20 g per 1 sq. m of sown area.
Pumpkin is undemanding to soil quality, but in order to get as many high-quality fruits as possible, it should be grown in moist, well-fertilized, protected from strong winds and lighted areas.
A well-lit area is suitable for the plant.
At this stage, the seedlings are carefully removed from the pots and buried in holes up to 5 cm. The distance between them should be about 60-70 cm. The greater the distance, the better: the fruits are large and heavy and you need a lot of space for their spaciousness.
When sowing in open ground, 2 seeds should be thrown into the holes, more can be, but only after germination it will be necessary to thin out to prevent excessive density.
Although Rossiyanka pumpkin is a cold-resistant variety, if short-term frosts are expected, the plant needs to be covered with an ordinary film. At temperatures below 22 ° C, pumpkin stops growing.
Care for adult bushes involves watering, applying organic and mineral fertilizers, loosening the soil and weeding. It should be watered 1 time per week with settled warm water in an amount of 4 liters per bush.
Excess moisture and stagnation of water adversely affect the development of the plant. During the fruiting period, it is necessary to reduce watering so that more sucrose accumulates and the strength characteristics of the pumpkin peel increase.
In adult plants, it is necessary to pinch the main and lateral stems. Organic fertilizers are applied as humus, and ammonium nitrate, potassium salt, and phosphorus extract are used as inorganic ones. If the soil is fertile, it will be enough to feed it 3 times per season.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Russian woman is an early ripe pumpkin variety; its ripening period is 4 months. Crops begin to be harvested in late August or early September. It is important to finish before the first frost. Frozen pumpkin is not stored for a long time.
By the harvesting period, the pumpkin should have a lignified peduncle, yellowed leaves and a bright yellow color. Well ripened fruits are well preserved for a long time.
Vegetables should be kept in a dry, well-ventilated area. The optimum air temperature should not exceed 14 ° C. A large number of fruits is best stacked and sprinkled with straw.