Characteristic of tomato Monomakh hat
Tomato Hat Monomakh is popular these days. Just look at the characteristics of the plant to understand what is the reason for such love.
Characteristic of tomato Monomakh hat
For many years, Russian specialists in the field of selection tried to develop the perfect tomato variety with excellent external characteristics, and they succeeded: the Monomakh hat went through all the stages of research, and in 2003 they were entered in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
According to breeders, this species is ideal for cultivation in all regions of the country: it is unpretentious to climatic conditions and shows amazing characteristics even in cool conditions.
Tomatoes Monomakh hat have a medium maturity. The vegetation period from the moment of the appearance of the first seedlings is about 100 days. The bush has a compact structure and does not spread over large areas. According to the description, the height of the bush is not more than 150 cm.
The foliage is compact, dark green soft, which helps to attract sunlight. Tomato is suitable for growing both in open ground and in greenhouse conditions.
Description of the fetus
Fruits are large, perfect oval, pink. The weight of an individual ripened fruit is about 500-600 g. In some cases, a weight of 1000 g is noted.
The taste is saturated, has sweet notes, but there is also a slight acidity.
Inside the fetus there are 6 chambers with a small amount of seeds. The pulp is juicy, contains a little water. The number of solids reaches 6%.
Fruits are ideally suited both for the fresh use, and for conservation. The species is often grown for sale, because it is subject to transportation over long distances. True, it is stored only a few weeks, after which it loses its original appearance.
Advantages and disadvantages
The bush needs a mandatory garter to the supports
According to the description, the variety has a number of positive qualities, among which:
- high level of resistance to most of the known diseases;
- fruits of excellent quality;
- universality in application;
- good tolerance of insufficient moisture in the soil;
- high level of productivity: from 1 sq. m actually collect about 20 kg of selected tomatoes.
Due to the large weight of the fruit, the branches often break, which is the main disadvantage of the plant. To avoid such a problem, the bush must be tied to supports.
First of all, it is important to choose the type of soil that contains the minimum amount of acid. The alkaline balance should be such that the plant feels comfortable. A few months before the intended planting in the open ground, you should plant the seeds in the greenhouse.
Landing occurs according to the following principle: per 1 sq. Km. m should be located about 6 plants. A distance of 60 cm should be kept between the rows, and about 50 cm between the bushes. It is necessary to form a bush of 1 stalk. To do this, 2 stems that are formed initially should be removed. This will allow the plant to ripen better and bear fruit faster.
Care for the Monomakh Hat is standard: regular evening watering with warm water, loosening the soil, weeding the beds, removing weeds. Do not forget about top dressing. It should consist of both mineral and organic substances. It is permissible to use wood ash, humus or a mixture of straw with humus. As minerals, potassium and phosphorus compounds are used. At the time of flowering, it is recommended to use nitrogen fertilizers in a small amount.
The view requires garter branches on special harnesses: this will allow them to maintain their shape and not break from the weight of the fruit. When growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, regular ventilation is important. The final result of productivity depends on this.
Diseases and pests
The only problem with this species is its predisposition to parasite damage. Usually these are wireworms and nutcrackers. In the fight against these pests, several options are possible.
The first is the self-collection of parasites. This method is best suited for supporters of natural products who do not like to use chemical compounds. The second is based on the fact that a bait made of vegetables is placed inside the soil. After several days, it is taken out and burned by all parasites located on top. The third option is to use the Baduzin chemical. They need to spray the plant a few days before watering. As a prophylaxis, spraying is carried out every 2 weeks.
The Monomakh hat requires maximum care, because the yield indicator depends on this. If you make every effort and follow all the rules for planting and care, you can really get a crop of amazing quality.